Oxford Index Search Results

You are looking at 1-16 of 16 items for:

community x History of Art x Literature x clear all

community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

See overview in Oxford Index

Icons

Glenn Peers.

in Medieval Studies

P ublished online June 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Literary Studies (Early and Medieval); Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy; Byzantine and Medieval Art (500 CE to 1400); Anglo-Saxon and Medieval Archaeology. 10132 words.

In Greek, “icon” comprises the widest possible range of meanings for images, from mental impressions to material objects. This article focuses exclusively on the latter, but in all media,...

Jews and Judaism in Medieval Europe

Yechiel Schur and Robert Chazan.

in Medieval Studies

P ublished online September 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Literary Studies (Early and Medieval); Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy; Byzantine and Medieval Art (500 CE to 1400); Anglo-Saxon and Medieval Archaeology. 14744 words.

In the year 1000, Christian-controlled areas of Europe housed only a tiny proportion of world Jewry. The majority of Jews lived in the Islamic world. Indeed, the largest Jewish communities...

Aelred of Rievaulx

Marsha L. Dutton.

in Medieval Studies

P ublished online April 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Literary Studies (Early and Medieval); Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy; Byzantine and Medieval Art (500 CE to 1400); Anglo-Saxon and Medieval Archaeology. 13028 words.

The most prominent of the Cistercian abbots of 12th-century England, Aelred of Rievaulx (b. 1110–d. 1167), also spelled Ailred or Æthelred, was a popular preacher and a prolific writer,...

The Venerable Bede

Rosalind C. Love.

in Medieval Studies

P ublished online December 2010 .

Article. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Literary Studies (Early and Medieval); Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy; Byzantine and Medieval Art (500 CE to 1400); Anglo-Saxon and Medieval Archaeology. 19265 words.

Of all the writers from the Anglo-Saxon period, Bede must rate as the best known and perhaps the most prolific. Given into the monastery of Wearmouth at the age of seven, he was later moved...

Pre-Conquest England

Robin Fleming.

in Medieval Studies

P ublished online June 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Literary Studies (Early and Medieval); Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy; Byzantine and Medieval Art (500 CE to 1400); Anglo-Saxon and Medieval Archaeology. 12221 words.

Before 1990, historians of Anglo-Saxon England generally concerned themselves with the descendants of Germanic peoples who settled in lowland Britain from the early 5th century until the...

Death and Dying in England

Chris Daniell.

in Medieval Studies

P ublished online May 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Literary Studies (Early and Medieval); Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy; Byzantine and Medieval Art (500 CE to 1400); Anglo-Saxon and Medieval Archaeology. 14491 words.

The study of medieval death and burial as an academic subject is relatively recent and has expanded greatly in the last three decades. In the 1960s the archaeological treatment of later...

John Shirley

Margaret Connolly.

in Medieval Studies

P ublished online March 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Literary Studies (Early and Medieval); Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy; Byzantine and Medieval Art (500 CE to 1400); Anglo-Saxon and Medieval Archaeology. 9943 words.

John Shirley, who died in 1456, was a scribe of later Middle English literature, particularly of works by John Lydgate and Geoffrey Chaucer. Shirley’s three autograph anthologies contain...

Honorius Augustodunensis

Karl Kinsella and Lesley Smith.

in Medieval Studies

P ublished online April 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Literary Studies (Early and Medieval); Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy; Byzantine and Medieval Art (500 CE to 1400); Anglo-Saxon and Medieval Archaeology. 9179 words.

Honorius Augustodunensis (b. c. 1080–c. 1140), also referred to as Honorius of Autun in some secondary literature, was a canon and monk, as well as a prolific writer with a strong corpus of...

Ottonian Art

Karen Blough.

in Medieval Studies

P ublished online December 2010 .

Article. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Literary Studies (Early and Medieval); Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy; Byzantine and Medieval Art (500 CE to 1400); Anglo-Saxon and Medieval Archaeology. 10760 words.

This entry includes texts that address the visual arts primarily in the area represented by present-day Germany, Belgium, and the Netherlands—the heart of the early medieval Holy Roman...

Friars

Jens Röhrkasten.

in Medieval Studies

P ublished online October 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Literary Studies (Early and Medieval); Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy; Byzantine and Medieval Art (500 CE to 1400); Anglo-Saxon and Medieval Archaeology. 14755 words.

The friars (mendicants, mendicant orders) represented a form of religious life that clearly differed from earlier forms of monasticism. They had their roots in the lay religious movements...

The Cistercians

Marsha L. Dutton and Tyler Sergent.

in Medieval Studies

P ublished online March 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Literary Studies (Early and Medieval); Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy; Byzantine and Medieval Art (500 CE to 1400); Anglo-Saxon and Medieval Archaeology. 15380 words.

Cistercian monasticism began when in 1098 twenty-one monks from the wealthy Burgundian monastery of Molesme undertook to create a new monastery in which they would live in voluntary...

Christina of Markyate

Samuel Fanous and Henrietta Leyser.

in Medieval Studies

P ublished online August 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Literary Studies (Early and Medieval); Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy; Byzantine and Medieval Art (500 CE to 1400); Anglo-Saxon and Medieval Archaeology. 4154 words.

Christina of Markyate is one of the most interesting woman of record in 12th-century England, a bold claim perhaps, but substantiated it is hoped by this bibliography. The grounds are...

The Church of the Holy Sepulchre

Lynn Jones.

in Medieval Studies

P ublished online December 2010 .

Article. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Literary Studies (Early and Medieval); Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy; Byzantine and Medieval Art (500 CE to 1400); Anglo-Saxon and Medieval Archaeology. 3489 words.

For the Christian faithful, the Church of the Holy Sepulchre is and has been since the 4th century the locus of sites associated with Christ’s death and resurrection. While the religious...

Insular Manuscript Illumination

Carol A. Farr.

in Medieval Studies

P ublished online June 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Literary Studies (Early and Medieval); Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy; Byzantine and Medieval Art (500 CE to 1400); Anglo-Saxon and Medieval Archaeology. 13486 words.

The manuscript decoration produced in Ireland and the British Isles from about 600 to 850 marks the advent of medieval book art. Linked to the arrival of Christianity, it includes some of...

Coptic Art

K.C. Innemée.

in Medieval Studies

P ublished online February 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Literary Studies (Early and Medieval); Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy; Byzantine and Medieval Art (500 CE to 1400); Anglo-Saxon and Medieval Archaeology. 8705 words.

Christianity must have come to Egypt in the 1st century ce, probably through converts in the Jewish community of Alexandria, at that time still an international center of culture and...

St. Dunstan, Archbishop of Canterbury

Douglas Dales.

in Medieval Studies

P ublished online February 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Literary Studies (Early and Medieval); Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy; Byzantine and Medieval Art (500 CE to 1400); Anglo-Saxon and Medieval Archaeology. 7910 words.

Dunstan (b. c. 909–d. 988) was a person of central importance in the life of church and state in 10th-century England. He grew up near the ancient shrine of Glastonbury in Somerset and may...