Oxford Index Search Results

You are looking at 1-20 of 108 items for:

community x History of Art x Religious Art x clear all

community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

See overview in Oxford Index

Benedictine Order

Anne Frances Dawtry.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Christian Art. 3065 words.

Term used to refer to those monks and nuns who followed the regulations for monastic life instituted by Benedict of Nursia (ad c. 480–547). The Benedictines did not...

Camaldolese Order

Nigel Gauk-Roger.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Christian Art. 1604 words.

Religious order of hermit-monks.

The Order was founded by St Romuald (c. 950–1027; can 1595), a Benedictine monk from Ravenna, who wanted to return to the purity of St...

Poor Clares, Order of

Brenda M. Bolton.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Christian Art. 1510 words.

[Clarissan Order; Second Order of St Francis]

Female monastic order, founded by St Francis and St Clare (c. 1194–1253) between 1212 and 1214. After her conversion in 1212, St...

Premonstratensian Canons

Virginia Davis.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Christian Art. 1348 words.

[Norbertines; White Canons]

Congregation of canons regular (see Augustinian Canons) founded in 1120 by Norbert of Xanten (c. 1080–1134). It was the most prominent of the...

Filippo Neri

Donatella Germanó Siracusa.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Christian Art. 611 words.

[Philip]

(b Florence, 21 July 1515; d Rome, 26 May 1595; can 12 May 1622; fd 26 May). Italian saint and Church reformer. The son of a Florentine notary, he lived in Rome from...

Savigny, Order of

Brenda M. Bolton.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Christian Art. 963 words.

Religious order, active in the 12th century, founded on a close observance of the Rule of St Benedict. It was founded by Vitalis (c. 1050–1122), a secular canon and chaplain to Robert...

Gorze, Order of

Warren Sanderson.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Christian Art. 873 words.

Benedictine monastic reform movement of the 10th century that took its name from the monastery near Metz, France. The monastery was established in AD 754 by St Chrodegag (d 766) as a...

Augustinian Canons

Virginia Davis.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Christian Art. 1764 words.

[Austin] [Canons Regular]

Religious order that developed in western Europe from the mid-11th century, when groups of priests began to live a communal life devoted to poverty,...

Trinitarians

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Christian Art. 695 words.

[Order of the Holy Trinity for the Redemption of Captives; Mathurins]

Religious order. The Order was founded by John of Matha (1154–1213) to ransom Christians taken captive by...

Moravian Brethren

Michael Linton.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Christian Art. 708 words.

[Herrnhuters; Renewed Church of the Brethren; Unitas Fratrum (Unity of Brethren); now officially the Moravian Church]

Protestant Episcopal church. Originating among followers...

Beguines

J. E. Ziegler.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Christian Art. 2129 words.

[Lat. Beghinae]

Groups of lay women leading a particular form of communal religious life. They flourished especially in the urban centres of the southern Low Countries between...

Theatine Order

Deborah Howard.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Christian Art. 1273 words.

Order of secular clergy founded in Rome and approved by Clement VII in 1524.

The four founders of the Order were members of the oratory of the Divino Amore. The two dominant...

Staryy Krym

M. Kramarovsky.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Islamic Art. 507 words.

[Solkhat-Krym; Solghat; Eski Krym]

Site in the Crimea 85 km east of Symferopol’. Lying at the foot of Mt Agarmysh, which marks the north-east end of the second Crimean Ridge,...

Church

John Curran, Andrew N. Palmer, J. van Ginkel, Francis Woodman, John W. Cook, Robert Ousterhout, Natalia Teteriatnikov, Warren Sanderson, Tania Velmans, Nigel J. Morgan and Doug Adams.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Architecture; Christian Art. 29848 words.

Building for public Christian worship (see also Christianity) as well as the medieval rhetorical designation for the broader community of the Christian faithful.

As buildings...

Chach

Yu. F. Buryakov.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Islamic Art. 580 words.

[Sogdian-Pers. Chach, Chachstan; Arab. Shāsh; Chin. Shi, Chzheshi]

Ancient state centred on the Tashkent Oasis on the north bank of the Syr River in Uzbekistan. From medieval...

Skellig Michael

Roger Stalley.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Architecture; Christian Art. 686 words.

[Gael. Sceilg Mhichil]

Former monastery on an island of the same name, one of two great rocks rising from the Atlantic Ocean about 13 km off the coast of Co. Kerry, Ireland. A...

Hausa

David Heathcote.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: African Art (Sub-Saharan); Islamic Art. 2808 words.

People living in north-west Nigeria beyond the confluence of the Niger and Benue rivers. The Hausa are one of the largest and most widespread of African peoples with a total population...

Eigil

David Parsons.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Exhibition Catalogues and Specific Collections; Christian Art. 413 words.

(d 15 June 822). Bavarian abbot and patron. He was Abbot of Fulda from 818 to 822. A nobleman related to Abbot Sturm (reg 744–79), Eigil entered the monastery (see Fulda §1) as a child...

Monastery

Richard Fawcett, Virginia Jansen, John N. Lupia and Helen Loveday.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Liturgical and Ritual Objects; Architecture; Religious Art. 14201 words.

Group of buildings within which individuals are able to pursue their lives of prayer and self-denial with the moral support afforded by being with like-minded fellows. Although...

Ex-voto

Lenz Kriss-Rettenbeck.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Liturgical and Ritual Objects; Christian Art. 1532 words.

[Lat.: ‘by reason of a vow’]. Term for a panel painting, usually small, or, more rarely, a statue, donated as a token of remembrance, entreaty or thanks by individual believers or...