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community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

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Witchcraft and the Local Communities: The Rhine-Moselle Region

Robin Briggs.

in The Oxford Handbook of Witchcraft in Early Modern Europe and Colonial America

March 2013; p ublished online May 2013 .

Article. Subjects: History; European History; Early Modern History (1500 to 1700). 9382 words.

This article begins with a discussion of the chronology and scale of witchcraft prosecutions in the Rhine–Moselle region. It then covers legal procedures; witchcraft committees, local...

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The Transformations of Judaism

David B. Ruderman.

in The Oxford Handbook of Early Modern European History, 1350-1750

July 2015; p ublished online November 2014 .

Article. Subjects: History; Early Modern History (1500 to 1700); European History. 8698 words.

This chapter addresses the primary transformations in Jewish civilization in the early modern era considering primarily the distinct histories of five large sub-communities—those of Italy,...

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The Radicals

C. Scott Dixon.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Protestant Reformations

December 2016; p ublished online January 2016 .

Article. Subjects: European History; Early Modern History (1500 to 1700). 12480 words.

The separation between the different forms of Protestantism began as early as the Reformation movements in Wittenberg and Zurich. Dissenters emerged who challenged the teachings of Luther...

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The Word

Helmut Puff.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Protestant Reformations

December 2016; p ublished online January 2016 .

Article. Subjects: European History; Early Modern History (1500 to 1700). 8567 words.

This chapter argues that, contrary to widespread notions about the Reformation as a period of the Word, the words the Reformers uttered should be considered in their social, cultural, and...

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Islam and Muslims in Europe

Tijana Krstić.

in The Oxford Handbook of Early Modern European History, 1350-1750

July 2015; p ublished online November 2014 .

Article. Subjects: History; Early Modern History (1500 to 1700); European History. 11594 words.

For reasons that range from historians’ lack of interest and political inexpediency of the topic to the lacunae in the sources and missing records, Muslims have been largely absent (and...

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Political Thought

Annabel Brett.

in The Oxford Handbook of Early Modern European History, 1350-1750

July 2015; p ublished online March 2015 .

Article. Subjects: History; Early Modern History (1500 to 1700); European History. 14733 words.

Early modern political thought was conducted in several different idioms of politics, which can nevertheless be seen to be in dialogue over a range of key political issues that engaged all...

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A Return to the Ancient World?

Margaret L. King.

in The Oxford Handbook of Early Modern European History, 1350-1750

July 2015; p ublished online November 2014 .

Article. Subjects: History; Early Modern History (1500 to 1700); European History. 12515 words.

This chapter reviews the origins of present-day understandings of humanism, the principal intellectual movement of the period 1350 to 1650, as they were shaped by major European thinkers of...

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European Naval Warfare

Louis Sicking.

in The Oxford Handbook of Early Modern European History, 1350-1750

July 2015; p ublished online December 2014 .

Article. Subjects: History; Early Modern History (1500 to 1700); European History. 10820 words.

The development of early modern European warfare can be understood by focusing on the successive technological and administrative transformations which shaped the navies of European states....

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Trade and the Global Economy

Matthew P. Romaniello.

in The Oxford Handbook of Early Modern European History, 1350-1750

July 2015; p ublished online December 2014 .

Article. Subjects: History; Early Modern History (1500 to 1700); European History. 12219 words.

Though long-distance trade routes had always connected Europe to the broader communities of Africa and Asia, these only become more robust in the late medieval era. The scientific and...

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The German Witch Trials

Thomas Robisheaux.

in The Oxford Handbook of Witchcraft in Early Modern Europe and Colonial America

March 2013; p ublished online May 2013 .

Article. Subjects: History; European History; Early Modern History (1500 to 1700). 9224 words.

The German lands have long been known as the ‘heartland of the witch craze’. Of the estimated 90,000 individuals prosecuted for witchcraft in Europe, at least 30,000 and possibly as many as...

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Witchcraft and Gender in Early Modern Europe

Alison Rowlands.

in The Oxford Handbook of Witchcraft in Early Modern Europe and Colonial America

March 2013; p ublished online May 2013 .

Article. Subjects: History; European History; Early Modern History (1500 to 1700). 9271 words.

This article addresses the following questions: Why was the overall majority of those prosecuted for witchcraft in early modern Europe female? Was it because women were linked more readily...

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