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community x History of the Americas x Arts and Humanities x Regional and Area Studies x clear all

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community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

See overview in Oxford Index

Pastoralism in the Andes

Penelope Dransart.

in Latin American Studies

P ublished online September 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Regional and Area Studies; History of the Americas. 14688 words.

The topic considered in this bibliography has emerged fairly recently. Pastoralism is a subsistence economy in which people keep large herds of animals, and it is based on the extensive use...

Maroon Societies in Latin America

Charles Beatty Medina.

in Latin American Studies

P ublished online July 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Regional and Area Studies; History of the Americas. 7655 words.

Prior to the 19th-century abolition of slavery in the Americas, enslaved Africans were offered few avenues to achieving individual freedom in Latin America. Some methods, such as...

Indigenous Elites in the Colonial Andes

David Garrett.

in Latin American Studies

P ublished online May 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Regional and Area Studies; History of the Americas. 10304 words.

While largely written out of the historiography until the last half century, indigenous elites were crucial to the reproduction of both Spanish rule and indigenous society in the colonial...

Prints and the Circulation of Colonial Images

Kelly Donahue-Wallace.

in Latin American Studies

P ublished online October 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Regional and Area Studies; History of the Americas. 8036 words.

Printed images began circulating in the territories that would become Spain’s American colonies from the moment of first contact in 1519. Missionaries traveling to indigenous communities...

Prints and the Circulation of Colonial Images

Kelly Donahue-Wallace.

in Latin American Studies

P ublished online October 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Regional and Area Studies; History of the Americas. 8036 words.

Printed images began circulating in the territories that would become Spain’s American colonies from the moment of first contact in 1519. Missionaries traveling to indigenous communities...

Ecuador

O. Hugo Benavides.

in Latin American Studies

P ublished online May 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Regional and Area Studies; History of the Americas. 7868 words.

Ecuador has a very diverse geographical landscape: Pacific coast, Andean highland, Amazonian rain forest, and Galapagos archipelago. The country equally expresses a great level of cultural...

Asian-Peruvian Literature

Ignacio López-Calvo.

in Latin American Studies

P ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Regional and Area Studies; History of the Americas. 12615 words.

In the early 21st century most people of Asian descent in Peru are of Chinese, Japanese, or Korean origin. The Korean community is by far the smallest of the three, with approximately two...

The Indigenous Population and Justice System in Central Mexico and Oaxaca

Ethelia Ruiz Medrano.

in Latin American Studies

P ublished online May 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Regional and Area Studies; History of the Americas. 6017 words.

The forms of justice that the colonial authorities applied to the Indians reflect the distinct contours of peninsular history. Castilian law had been deeply influenced by both Roman law and...

16th-Century New Spain

Matthew Restall.

in Latin American Studies

P ublished online October 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Regional and Area Studies; History of the Americas. 10030 words.

The 16th century was a period of dramatic change in Mesoamerica. Beginning with first contacts in the 1510s, followed by a series of invasion campaigns that ran from 1519 into the second...

Popular Culture and Globalization

O. Hugo Benavides.

in Latin American Studies

P ublished online March 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Regional and Area Studies; History of the Americas. 9383 words.

Latin America has never been an isolated geographical and cultural region. This global interaction has only manifested itself more poignantly since the 1960s, since in the last half of the...

José Martí and Cuba

Jorge Camacho.

in Latin American Studies

P ublished online July 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Regional and Area Studies; History of the Americas. 11532 words.

José Martí (b. 1853–d. 1895) was born in Havana, Cuba, and lived much of his life in exile: in Spain, Mexico, Guatemala, Venezuela, and the United States. In New York, where he lived nearly...

Food History

Enrique Ochoa.

in Latin American Studies

P ublished online October 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Regional and Area Studies; History of the Americas. 11597 words.

Changes in food consumption, production, and nutrition patterns reflect the broad changes in Latin American history since before the conquest of the Americas by the Spanish. Food was...

Zapatista Rebellion in Chiapas

Neil Harvey.

in Latin American Studies

P ublished online October 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Regional and Area Studies; History of the Americas. 11536 words.

The Zapatista rebellion in Chiapas drew widespread attention to the plight of indigenous peoples in Mexico’s second-poorest state. On 1 January 1994 the Zapatista Army of National...

Spanish and Portuguese Trade, 1500–1750

Fabrício Prado.

in Latin American Studies

P ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Regional and Area Studies; History of the Americas. 14644 words.

The reconnection of the Americas to Eurasia and Africa carried by Iberian empires provoked dramatic changes in societies on both sides of the Atlantic basin. The conquest and colonization...

Post-Conquest Aztecs

John F. Schwaller.

in Latin American Studies

P ublished online July 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Regional and Area Studies; History of the Americas. 10722 words.

Following the conquest of Mexico by the Spanish, the Aztec people, more appropriately known as the Nahua, continued to be the dominant culture of the region. Throughout the next several...

Mestizaje and the Legacy of José María Arguedas

O. Hugo Benavides.

in Latin American Studies

P ublished online April 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Regional and Area Studies; History of the Americas. 9050 words.

José María Arguedas (b. 1911–d. 1969) is by far the most important intellectual when it concerns notions of race and mestizaje in the Andes. He was born in Andayhuaylas, Peru, and was left...

Mexican Nationalism

Anne Rubenstein and Kevin Chrisman.

in Latin American Studies

P ublished online February 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Regional and Area Studies; History of the Americas. 8338 words.

Mexican nationalist thought, as articulated by Mexico’s most powerful politicians, scholars, and writers, was never intended to describe the nation as it was or as it is. Instead, it has...

Guatemala (Modern & National Period)

Betsy Konefal.

in Latin American Studies

P ublished online January 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Regional and Area Studies; History of the Americas. 10452 words.

Guatemala is stunningly beautiful and rich in geographic and cultural diversity. The country also has had a long history of oppression, ethnic discrimination, and violence, resistance, and...

Indigenous Voices in Literature

Juan Carlos Grijalva.

in Latin American Studies

P ublished online August 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Regional and Area Studies; History of the Americas. 12009 words.

The indigenous peoples of Abya Yala (Latin America)—which in the Kuna language means “Land in Its Full Maturity”—are the descendants of the first inhabitants and ancestral owners of the...

The Cádiz Constitution and Liberalism

Roberto Breña.

in Latin American Studies

P ublished online June 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Regional and Area Studies; History of the Americas. 12773 words.

In 1812, in the middle of the occupation of almost all of the Iberian peninsula by the French army, a group of around 300 deputies from Spain, Spanish America, and the Philippines...