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community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

See overview in Oxford Index

Europe and Africa

Catherine Molineux.

in Atlantic History

P ublished online September 2014 .

Article. Subjects: History of the Americas; European History; African History; History; Regional and National History. 12599 words.

The 19th-century European scramble for Africa and the 20th-century decolonization movements have dominated the historiography of “Europe and Africa.” But historians of precolonial Africa,...

Honor

Verónica Undurraga.

in Atlantic History

P ublished online September 2014 .

Article. Subjects: History of the Americas; European History; African History; History; Regional and National History. 7537 words.

Honor has played a significant role in the Atlantic world, forming part of the value systems that have structured its societies throughout history. At the beginning of the modern era, the...

Emotions

Vicki Hsueh.

in Atlantic History

P ublished online September 2014 .

Article. Subjects: History of the Americas; European History; African History; History; Regional and National History. 3289 words.

The study of emotions in the Atlantic context is rapidly expanding. The specific term “emotion” was infrequently used in the historical period typically associated with Atlantic history....

Slavery, Health, and Medicine

Stephen C. Kenny.

in Atlantic History

P ublished online January 2015 .

Article. Subjects: History of the Americas; European History; African History; History; Regional and National History. 14244 words.

Considerations of health and well-being as fundamental human rights have always been at the heart of serious attempts to understand the experience and history of enslavement in the Atlantic...

Crowds in the Atlantic World

Thomas J. Humphrey.

in Atlantic History

P ublished online February 2017 .

Article. Subjects: History of the Americas; European History; African History; History; Regional and National History. 10009 words.

Crowds and crowd actions are a critical component of Atlantic history. While historians often refer to crowd actions or riots, inhabitants of the Atlantic world spoke of “rough music,”...

Mennonites

Tobin Miller Shearer.

in Atlantic History

P ublished online March 2017 .

Article. Subjects: History of the Americas; European History; African History; History; Regional and National History. 11960 words.

Mennonites trace their roots to the Anabaptist movement of the early 16th century in Europe. The Anabaptists emerged out of the Protestant Reformation, distinguishing themselves by their...

Citizenship in the Atlantic World

Federica Morelli.

in Atlantic History

P ublished online April 2018 .

Article. Subjects: History of the Americas; European History; African History; History; Regional and National History. 8181 words.

Normally scholars, including historians of the Atlantic world, have traditionally strictly linked the concept of citizenship to that of the nation-state and its formation in the 19th and...

Religious Networks

Susanne Lachenicht.

in Atlantic History

P ublished online January 2013 .

Article. Subjects: History of the Americas; European History; African History; History; Regional and National History. 4716 words.

Research on religions and religious migrants in the Atlantic world (and beyond) has made evident that these groups had a rather important impact on historical change in the economy,...

Women Prophets

Elizabeth Bouldin.

in Atlantic History

P ublished online February 2013 .

Article. Subjects: History of the Americas; European History; African History; History; Regional and National History. 5197 words.

Women prophets existed throughout the Atlantic world and came from a wide range of religious and spiritual traditions. The understanding of prophecy as the claim of speaking for God or the...

Germans in the Atlantic World

Philip Otterness.

in Atlantic History

P ublished online August 2011 .

Article. Subjects: History of the Americas; European History; African History; History; Regional and National History. 7941 words.

The scope of the German Atlantic world is somewhat limited when compared to the Atlantic worlds created by the colonial empires of Spain, France, Britain, Portugal, and the Netherlands....

Bacon's Rebellion

Paul Musselwhite.

in Atlantic History

P ublished online May 2016 .

Article. Subjects: History of the Americas; European History; African History; History; Regional and National History. 11647 words.

Bacon’s Rebellion in Virginia was one of the largest popular uprisings in the history of the British America, and it has a well-established place in numerous Atlantic historiographies. The...

Jesuits

Shona Johnston.

in Atlantic History

P ublished online December 2012 .

Article. Subjects: History of the Americas; European History; African History; History; Regional and National History. 10226 words.

In 1540 St. Ignatius of Loyola received papal permission to found a new religious order to be known as the Society of Jesus (also called the “Company of Jesus,” or simply the “Jesuits”)....

Native American Histories in North America

Susan Sleeper-Smith.

in Atlantic History

P ublished online January 2013 .

Article. Subjects: History of the Americas; European History; African History; History; Regional and National History. 11931 words.

The involvement of Indian activists in the public protests of the 1960s and 1970s offered dramatic evidence about the persistence of Indians. Both popular and scholarly perceptions of...

New York City

Serena Zabin.

in Atlantic History

P ublished online August 2013 .

Article. Subjects: History of the Americas; European History; African History; History; Regional and National History. 6688 words.

When the English conquered New Amsterdam in 1664, the city was already a polyglot commercial community of some 1,500 inhabitants, 8 percent of whom were enslaved. As it was founded...

Language, State, and Empire

Paul Cohen.

in Atlantic History

P ublished online November 2016 .

Article. Subjects: History of the Americas; European History; African History; History; Regional and National History. 14501 words.

Three distinct historical phenomena—language, state, and empire—each animated by powerful internal dynamics, must be parsed and analyzed on their own terms, yet also tied together by the...

Maroons and Marronage

Marjoleine Kars.

in Atlantic History

P ublished online July 2013 .

Article. Subjects: History of the Americas; European History; African History; History; Regional and National History. 7092 words.

The term “maroons” refers to people who escaped slavery to create independent groups and communities on the outskirts of slave societies. Scholars generally distinguish two kinds of...

Religion and Colonization

Susanne Lachenicht.

in Atlantic History

P ublished online January 2019 .

Article. Subjects: History of the Americas; European History; African History; History; Regional and National History. 6424 words.

For the process of European expansion and the colonial endeavors from the late 15th century to the 19th, historians of the Atlantic world have more often than not identified the imperial...

Food

Jeffrey Pilcher.

in Atlantic History

P ublished online August 2011 .

Article. Subjects: History of the Americas; European History; African History; History; Regional and National History. 6221 words.

Food is at the heart of human societies, economies, and cultures, but historians have long considered it peripheral to their endeavors. Members of the French Annales school, with their...

The Black Atlantic in the Age of Revolutions

Roderick McDonald and Michelle Craig McDonald.

in Atlantic History

P ublished online May 2010 .

Article. Subjects: History of the Americas; European History; African History; History; Regional and National History. 8810 words.

Between 1630 and 1780 at least five Africans landed in Britain’s Atlantic empire for every two Europeans, and between 1700 and 1780 the ratio increased to 4 to 1. Such demographics gave...

Confraternities

Nicole von Germeten.

in Atlantic History

P ublished online January 2014 .

Article. Subjects: History of the Americas; European History; African History; History; Regional and National History. 10627 words.

Confraternities were European Catholic institutions that were brought to the Americas in the 16th century and embraced and modified by a wide range of colonial subjects. They can be defined...