Oxford Index Search Results

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community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

See overview in Oxford Index

Company Towns in the United States

Hardy Green.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online March 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Urban History. 8855 words.

Company towns can be defined as communities dominated by a single company, typically focused on one industry. Beyond that very basic definition, company towns varied in their...

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National Urban Renewal

Christopher Klemek.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online July 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Urban History. 8641 words.

Urban renewal refers to an interlocking set of national and local policies, programs, and projects, implemented in the vast majority of American cities between 1949 and 1973. These...

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Japantown and the Fillmore District

Clement Lai.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online February 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Urban History; US History (Immigration and Ethnicity). 8668 words.

Many Asian American neighborhoods faced displacement after World War II because of urban renewal or redevelopment under the 1949 Housing Act. In the name of blight removal and slum...

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Native Americans and Cities

Nicolas G. Rosenthal.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online March 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Native American History; Urban History. 7387 words.

An important relationship has existed between Native Americans and cities from pre-Columbian times to the early 21st century. Long before Europeans arrived in the Americas, indigenous...

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Post-World War II Asian American Suburban Culture

Mark Padoongpatt.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online November 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Urban History; US History (Immigration and Ethnicity). 15132 words.

Substantial numbers of Asian Americans and Asian immigrants moved into suburbs across the United States after World War II, bringing distinctive everyday lifeways, identities, worldviews,...

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Racial Diversity and Suburban Politics in 20th-Century Los Angeles

Hillary Jenks.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

Article. Subjects: Urban History; US History (Immigration and Ethnicity). 333 words.

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History. Please check back later for the full article.

De...

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Drug Subcultures in the American City, 1800–present

Chris Elcock.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online November 2018 .

Article. Subjects: US Cultural History; Urban History. 8211 words.

The use of illicit drugs in US cities led to the development of important subcultures with shared practices, codes, discourses, and values. From the 19th century onward, American city...

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Public Housing in Urban America

D. Bradford Hunt.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online December 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Economic History; Urban History; Labour History. 8589 words.

Public housing emerged during the New Deal as a progressive effort to end the scourge of dilapidated housing in American cities. Reformers argued that the private market had failed to...

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Suburbanization in the United States after 1945

Becky Nicolaides and Andrew Wiese.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online April 2017 .

Article. Subjects: US History since 1945; Urban History. 20416 words.

Mass migration to suburban areas was a defining feature of American life after 1945. Before World War II, just 13% of Americans lived in suburbs. By 2010, however, suburbia was home to more...

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Religion in the American City, 1900–2000

Christopher D. Cantwell.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online September 2016 .

Article. Subjects: US Cultural History; Urban History; History of Religion. 10567 words.

Home to more than half the U.S. population by 1920, cities played an important role in the development of American religion throughout the 20th century. At the same time, the beliefs and...

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Puerto Ricans in the United States

Lorrin Thomas.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online September 2015 .

Article. Subjects: US History (Immigration and Ethnicity); Labour History; US Cultural History; Urban History. 11780 words.

Puerto Rican migrants have resided in the United States since before the Spanish-Cuban-American War of 1898, when the United States took possession of the island of Puerto Rico as part of...

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Street Gangs in the 20th-Century American City

Andrew Diamond.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online November 2018 .

Article. Subjects: US History 1900 - 1945; US History since 1945; Urban History. 12986 words.

Conceptions of what constitutes a street gang or a youth gang have varied since the seminal sociological studies on these entities in the 1920s. Organizations of teenage youths and young...

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Japanese Immigrant Gambling in Early 20th-Century California

Chrissy Yee Lau.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online January 2019 .

Article. Subjects: US History 1900 - 1945; Urban History; US History (Immigration and Ethnicity). 8223 words.

Gambling was a central facet of life for Japanese male laborers in early 20th-century California. From the late 19th to the early 20th century, labor contractors and Chinese gambling dens...

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Japanese American Resettlement in Postwar America: The Los Angeles Experience

Jean-Paul deGuzman.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online March 2016 .

Article. Subjects: US History (Immigration and Ethnicity); Urban History; US History since 1945. 8137 words.

Racism and xenophobia, but also resilience and community building, characterize the return of thousands of Japanese Americans, or Nikkei, to the West Coast after World War II. Although the...

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LGBTQ Politics in America since 1945

Emily K. Hobson.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online November 2017 .

Article. Subjects: US History since 1945; Political History; US Cultural History; Urban History. 11495 words.

Since World War II, the United States has witnessed major changes in lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) politics. Indeed, because the history of LGBTQ activism is almost...

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The Great Migrations and Black Urban Life in the United States, 1914–1970

Tyina Steptoe.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online June 2018 .

Article. Subjects: US History since 1945; US Cultural History; Urban History. 8912 words.

During the 20th century, the black population of the United States transitioned from largely rural to mostly urban. In the early 1900s the majority of African Americans lived in rural,...

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Zoning in 20th-Century American Cities

Christopher Silver.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online May 2016 .

Article. Subjects: US History 1900 - 1945; US History since 1945; Political History; Urban History. 7838 words.

Zoning is a legal tool employed by local governments to regulate land development. It determines the use, intensity, and form of development in localities through enforcement of the zoning...

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American Labor and Working-Class History, 1900–1945

Jeffrey Helgeson.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online August 2016 .

Article. Subjects: US History 1900 - 1945; Urban History; Labour History. 14249 words.

Early 20th century American labor and working-class history is a subfield of American social history that focuses attention on the complex lives of working people in a rapidly changing...

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Urban Tourism in the U.S. since 1800

J. Mark Souther.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online February 2018 .

Article. Subjects: US History since 1945; US Cultural History; Urban History. 9561 words.

Prior to the railroad age, American cities generally lacked reputations as tourist travel destinations. As railroads created fast, reliable, and comfortable transportation in the 19th...

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Latino Urbanism

A. K. Sandoval-Strausz.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online February 2018 .

Article. Subjects: US History since 1945; Urban History; US History (Immigration and Ethnicity). 10435 words.

“Latino urbanism” describes a culturally specific set of spatial forms and practices created by people of Hispanic origin. It includes many different aspects of those forms and practices,...

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