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community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

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Opening, Closing, and Moving through Interpretive Disputes

Martin Camper.

in Arguing over Texts

December 2017; p ublished online November 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psycholinguistics. 4753 words.

Chapter 8 explores how the interpretive stases are logically related to each other and how interpretive disputes are initiated and resolved. The chapter explains how the interpretive stases...

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Jurisdiction

Martin Camper.

in Arguing over Texts

December 2017; p ublished online November 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psycholinguistics. 11215 words.

Chapter 7 investigates the multiple ways arguers can question the legitimacy of an interpretation, thereby entering the stasis of jurisdiction. There are two main points of contention in...

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So How Does the Mind Work?

Steven Pinker.

in Language, Cognition, and Human Nature

October 2013; p ublished online January 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psycholinguistics. 11117 words.

The theory that the human mind is a naturally selected system of organs of computation was defended in How the Mind Works. Jerry Fodor claims that ‘the mind doesn’t work that way’ because...

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Metaphor and Metonymy in Language and Art

Antonio Barcelona.

in Religion, Language, and the Human Mind

April 2018; p ublished online May 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psycholinguistics. 14673 words.

Interpreting sacred notions of the Hebrew Bible in a non-literal sense was part of the hermeneutical manoeuvres of Early Christian writers. They proceeded by deliteralization and...

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The Televisualization of Ritual

Monika Kopytowska.

in Religion, Language, and the Human Mind

April 2018; p ublished online May 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psycholinguistics. 16167 words.

This chapter demonstrates how contemporary ‘media culture’ has altered the way we experience and communicate religion and explains the role which language and other semiotic resources play...

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Arguing over Texts

Martin Camper.

December 2017; p ublished online November 2017 .

Book. Subjects: Psycholinguistics. 208 pages.

Arguing over Texts presents a rhetorical method for analyzing how people disagree over the meaning of texts and how they attempt to reconcile those disagreements through...

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Metaphor in Religious Transformation

Ralph Bisschops.

in Religion, Language, and the Human Mind

April 2018; p ublished online May 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psycholinguistics. 17548 words.

Interpreting sacred notions of the Hebrew Bible in a figurative sense was part of the hermeneutical manoeuvres of Early Christian writers. They proceeded by deliteralisation and...

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Personhood constructs in language and thought

Carsten Levisen.

in The Semantics of Nouns

May 2017; p ublished online June 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Semantics; Psycholinguistics. 9878 words.

This chapter analyses personhood constructs, a particular type of noun whose meanings conceptualize invisible parts of a person. The meaning of personhood constructs originates in cultural...

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BaYaka Pygmy multi-modal and mimetic communication traditions

Jerome Lewis.

in The Social Origins of Language

June 2014; p ublished online August 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Sociolinguistics; Psycholinguistics. 6578 words.

By examining a set of similarities shared by Pygmy hunter-gatherer groups across Central Africa, this chapter suggests that they represent remnants of an ancient hunter-gatherer culture....

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The Social Origins of Language

Edited by Daniel Dor, Chris Knight and Jerome Lewis.

June 2014; p ublished online August 2014 .

Book. Subjects: Sociolinguistics; Psycholinguistics. 464 pages.

Whereas Noam Chomsky views language as an internal faculty fitted to the requirements of private thought, this volume views it as designed essentially for communication between two or more...

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The red thread: pigment use and the evolution of collective ritual

Ian Watts.

in The Social Origins of Language

June 2014; p ublished online August 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Sociolinguistics; Psycholinguistics. 7940 words.

This chapter proposes two stages to the evolution of collective ritual, as female reproductive costs tracked Middle Pleistocene brain size increase. Preliminary evidence is presented that...

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Fieldwork

Keren Rice.

in Linguistics

P ublished online October 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Anthropological Linguistics; Language Families; Psycholinguistics; Sociolinguistics. 12844 words.

When you hear the word “fieldwork,” you probably think of someone going to some remote location to study a language that has not been studied. That is one way of doing fieldwork, but it is...

Language Revitalization

Andrea Wilhelm.

in Linguistics

P ublished online May 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Anthropological Linguistics; Language Families; Psycholinguistics; Sociolinguistics. 16423 words.

Language revitalization is a fairly recent subfield of linguistics that is concerned with halting and reversing the extinction of languages. Language extinction has increased rapidly in the...

Gestures

Adam Kendon.

in Linguistics

P ublished online October 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Anthropological Linguistics; Language Families; Psycholinguistics; Sociolinguistics. 12999 words.

This article, after listing recent general works and surveys, is organized first to reflect the historical development of interest in gesture up to the middle of the 20th century....

Mesoamerican Languages

Nora C. England and Roberto Zavala Maldonado.

in Linguistics

P ublished online October 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Anthropological Linguistics; Language Families; Psycholinguistics; Sociolinguistics. 10866 words.

Mesoamerica as a linguistic area extends from central Mexico south and east through Guatemala and Belize and into western Honduras and El Salvador. Five large language families are found in...

Zapotecan Languages

Rosemary G. Beam de Azcona.

in Linguistics

P ublished online October 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Anthropological Linguistics; Language Families; Psycholinguistics; Sociolinguistics. 11405 words.

Known for their numerous suprasegmental contrasts and VSO argument order, Zapotecan languages are indigenous to the state of Oaxaca, Mexico, and are also spoken in diaspora in other parts...

Language Documentation

Peter Austin.

in Linguistics

P ublished online December 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Anthropological Linguistics; Language Families; Psycholinguistics; Sociolinguistics. 7387 words.

Language documentation, also known as documentary linguistics, is the subfield of linguistics that deals with creating multipurpose records of languages through audio and video recording of...

Artificial Languages

Arika Okrent.

in Linguistics

P ublished online November 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Anthropological Linguistics; Language Families; Psycholinguistics; Sociolinguistics. 6252 words.

Artificial languages are languages that have been consciously devised, usually by a single creator. They are also sometimes called planned languages, constructed languages, or invented...

Francoprovençal

Jonathan Kasstan.

in Linguistics

P ublished online April 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Anthropological Linguistics; Language Families; Psycholinguistics; Sociolinguistics. 10493 words.

Francoprovençal is the glottonym (language label) assigned by linguists to a severely endangered grouping of Romance varieties spoken traditionally in parts of France, Switzerland, and...

Languages of the World

William R. Leben.

in Linguistics

P ublished online October 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Anthropological Linguistics; Language Families; Psycholinguistics; Sociolinguistics. 3301 words.

Scholarly work on the languages of the world is aimed in three main directions: genetic classification, typological classification, and documentation. This article focuses on work...