Oxford Index Search Results

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community x Moral Philosophy x Arts and Humanities x clear all

community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

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 Community Service

Mike W. Martin.

in From Morality to Mental Health

May 2006; p ublished online September 2006 .

Chapter. Subjects: Moral Philosophy. 3086 words.

This chapter discusses how an integrated, moral-therapeutic perspective on philanthropy emphasizes the confluence of self-interest, community service, and the virtues. Although all virtues...

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Autonomy and Community

Joel Feinberg.

in The Moral Limits of the Criminal Law Volume 4: Harmless Wrongdoing

August 1990; p ublished online November 2003 .

Chapter. Subjects: Moral Philosophy. 20038 words.

Feinberg defends liberalism against the charge that, given its commitment to autonomy, it is incompatible with certain community ideals. While Feinberg grants that some conflicts between...

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Communities of Respect

Bennett W. Helm.

July 2017; p ublished online August 2017 .

Book. Subjects: Moral Philosophy. 272 pages.

Communities of respect are communities of people sharing common practices or a (partial) way of life; they include families, clubs, religious groups, and political parties. This book...

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Community and Virtue

Lawrence Blum.

in How Should One Live?

March 1998; p ublished online November 2003 .

Chapter. Subjects: Moral Philosophy. 8896 words.

Distinguishes several different kinds of connection between community and virtue—sustaining, content providing, agency constituting, worth defining, and others—using as a reference point...

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 Responsibility in Community

Mike W. Martin.

in From Morality to Mental Health

May 2006; p ublished online September 2006 .

Chapter. Subjects: Moral Philosophy. 5130 words.

Critics have interpreted the therapeutic trend as a replacement of community-oriented morality with self-oriented therapeutic values such as self-esteem, self-fulfilment, and authenticity....

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Communities of Fear

Phillip Cole.

in The Myth of Evil

June 2006; p ublished online September 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Moral Philosophy. 7290 words.

This chapter examines how communities can be mobilized through fear of the evil enemy. It examines the witch craze that took place in western Europe in the 16th/17th centuries, and at the...

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Articulating the Moral Community

Henry Richardson.

October 2018; p ublished online August 2018 .

Book. Subjects: Moral Philosophy; Philosophy. 328 pages.

As this highly original work explains, morality is not fixed objectively, independently of all human judgment, nor is it something that we “invent.” Rather, working within zones of...

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Idealism, Society, and Community

W. J. Mander.

in Idealist Ethics

February 2016; p ublished online January 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Moral Philosophy; History of Western Philosophy. 7463 words.

Continuing the discussion of idealist arguments that might be given for concerning oneself with the well-being of others, this chapter examines the British Idealist theory of the organic...

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Culture, consent, and community

Michael Dunn and Tony Hope.

in Medical Ethics: A Very Short Introduction

November 2018; p ublished online November 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Philosophy; Bioethics and Medical Ethics; Moral Philosophy. 3346 words.

Cultural differences within and across societies can also challenge our assumptions and approaches to medical ethics and require us to reconsider our ethical obligations to individuals....

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Moral Misunderstandings and the Ethical Community

Laura Papish.

in Kant on Evil, Self-Deception, and Moral Reform

June 2018; p ublished online May 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Moral Philosophy. 13752 words.

This chapter explores Kant’s concept of an ethical community. It considers at length an analogy made in the Religion between the ethical state of nature—which is left behind once human...

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Species, Communities, and Habitat Loss

Christine M. Korsgaard.

in Fellow Creatures

July 2018; p ublished online May 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Moral Philosophy. 11789 words.

This chapter examines the question what is bad about the extinction of a species, and whether the extinction of a species is bad for its members. It asks what a species is, whether it is a...

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The Unity of the Moral Community

Henry Richardson.

in Articulating the Moral Community

October 2018; p ublished online August 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Moral Philosophy; Philosophy. 7798 words.

This chapter addresses Thompson’s challenge as to what could unite all persons into one moral community, as described in chapter 2, on the basis of the Specificatory Theory of dyadic rights...

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The Idea of the Moral Community

Henry Richardson.

in Articulating the Moral Community

October 2018; p ublished online August 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Moral Philosophy; Philosophy. 10355 words.

This chapter explicates the idea of the moral community as the open-ended set of all individuals who can wrong or be wronged by another. Examining these ideas of wronging someone or being...

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Community-Based Participatory Research: Ethical Considerations

David R. Buchanan.

in The Oxford Handbook of Public Health Ethics

September 2019; p ublished online March 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Moral Philosophy; Social and Political Philosophy. 5195 words.

The conduct of community-based participatory research (CBPR) is a recent innovation in research designs aimed at identifying effective public health interventions. CBPR aims to maximize...

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Illuminating Community

Amber D. Carpenter.

in Animals

June 2018; p ublished online June 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Western Philosophy; Moral Philosophy. 7996 words.

This chapter presents a discussion of the rich tradition of reflection on animals in ancient Indian philosophy, which deals with but is not restricted to the topic of reincarnation. At the...

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European Community Legislation for Traceability and Labeling of Genetically Modifi ed Crops, Food, and Feed

Margaret Rosso Grossman.

in Labeling Genetically Modified Food

April 2008; p ublished online January 2008 .

Chapter. Subjects: Moral Philosophy. 14408 words.

This chapter discusses European Community legislation for traceability and labeling of genetically modified crops, food, and feed. After a brief discussion of EC law making and the role of...

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Ethical Issues Associated with Hospice in Nursing Homes and Assisted Living Communities

Jean Munn and Sheryl Zimmerman.

in Hospice Ethics

September 2014; p ublished online March 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Moral Philosophy. 12010 words.

This chapter begins by describing long-term care, specifically nursing homes and assisted living communities, in the United States. It then explains complex issues that affect ethical...

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Community and Liberal Theory *

David B. Wong.

in Natural Moralities

August 2006; p ublished online September 2006 .

Chapter. Subjects: Moral Philosophy. 6464 words.

This chapter argues for the crucial role of intermediate associations in the promotion of effective moral agency. Communitarians often criticize liberal ethical theory as neglecting this...

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The Community of Co-operators

Donald H. Regan.

in Utilitarianism and Co-operation

July 1980; p ublished online October 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Moral Philosophy. 1911 words.

This chapter discusses a previous suggestion that CU is an intuitively appealing theory and is quite apart from any claim to adaptability. It expands on that suggestion and considers...

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WHY (SOME) KNOWLEDGE IS THE PROPERTY OF A COMMUNITY AND POSSIBLY NONE OF ITS MEMBERS

Boaz Miller.

in The Philosophical Quarterly

July 2015; p ublished online June 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Epistemology; Metaphysics; Moral Philosophy; Philosophy of Language; Philosophy of Mind. 10550 words.

Mainstream analytic epistemology regards knowledge as the property of individuals, rather than groups. Drawing on insights from the reality of knowledge production and dissemination in the...