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community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

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Understanding Communities

Stacy C. Kozakavich.

in The Archaeology of Utopian and Intentional Communities

December 2017; p ublished online May 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: History and Theory of Archaeology. 13354 words.

This chapter outlines patterns in the history of scholarship on intentional communities, beginning with journalists and social observers contemporary with the groups as well as voices from...

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Remaking Communities

Stacy C. Kozakavich.

in The Archaeology of Utopian and Intentional Communities

December 2017; p ublished online May 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: History and Theory of Archaeology. 9285 words.

Reconstructions and restorations at intentional community sites, such as Shaker and Moravian villages, are popular tourist destinations and valuable resources for public education. How do...

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Community Archaeology

Yvonne Marshall.

in The Oxford Handbook of Archaeology

March 2009; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; History and Theory of Archaeology. 9793 words.

This article discusses the concept of community archaeology. It explains that community archaeology involves working with communities in ways that value their opinions and strive to meet...

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community

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology.

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A general term in archaeology that is applied to the tangible remains of a group of people who together occupy a settlement or region at any one particular period.

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community

Timothy Darvill.

in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology

January 2008; p ublished online January 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology. 31 words.

[De]

A general term in archaeology that is applied to the tangible remains of a group of people who together

The Chan Community

Cynthia Robin.

in Chan

June 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Prehistoric Archaeology. 8005 words.

This chapter presents a bioarchaeological study of the skeletal remains of the people buried at the Maya farming community of Chan. It explores physical well-being garnered from...

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Wari Community Organization

Tiffiny A. Tung.

in Violence, Ritual, and the Wari Empire

February 2012; p ublished online May 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Prehistoric Archaeology. 14134 words.

This chapter presents the age-at-death and sex distributions at all three sites, and the strontium isotope and ancient mtDNA data from Conchopata. Those demographic data are used to...

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Maritime Communities and Traditions

Jesse Ransley.

in The Oxford Handbook of Maritime Archaeology

December 2013; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Industrial Archaeology. 11017 words.

Maritime communities and traditions discussed within archaeological discourse, imply either small, contemporary, indigenous communities or folklore traditions from European or North...

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Creating Community with Shell

Cynthia Robin.

in Chan

June 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Prehistoric Archaeology. 5585 words.

This chapter examines 29,000 shell items excavated at the Maya farming community of Chan. It discusses three archaeologically identifiable practices in which the people of Chan used shell...

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Situating Community and Landscape

Steven A. Wernke.

in Negotiated Settlements

February 2013; p ublished online May 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: History and Theory of Archaeology. 6929 words.

This chapter situates the concepts of community and landscape in three ways. Each is first defined and developed in dialogue with broader theoretical literatures of community and landscape....

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Discipline, Community, and Conformity

John M. Chenoweth.

in Simplicity, Equality, and Slavery

March 2017; p ublished online September 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: History and Theory of Archaeology. 9288 words.

Every group has standards of action which are enforced through various social mechanisms. Quakerism’s greatest punishment was “disownment” or the expelling of a member from the group, but...

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Community and Conservation

Megan Hicks, Árni Einarsson, Kesara Anamthawat-Jónsson, Ágústa Edwald, Ægir Thór Thórsson and Thomas H. McGovern.

in The Oxford Handbook of Historical Ecology and Applied Archaeology

January 2019; p ublished online April 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Historical Archaeology. 7918 words.

n recent decades, sustainability research and historical ecology research have made the incorporation of local and traditional ecological knowledge (LTK) a priority for the purpose of...

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Communities in Contact

DarLene A. Weston and Roberto Valcárcel Rojas.

in Cuban Archaeology in the Caribbean

September 2016; p ublished online May 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: History and Theory of Archaeology. 8518 words.

Cuba was among the first areas in the New World where contact occurred between indigenous Amerindian populations and Europeans. As the cemetery of El Chorro de Maíta encompasses indigenous...

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Maritime Communities and Traditions

Jesse Ransley.

in The Oxford Handbook of Maritime Archaeology

August 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; Industrial Archaeology. 10994 words.

Maritime communities and traditions discussed within archaeological discourse, imply either small, contemporary, indigenous communities or folklore traditions from European or North...

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Communities in Ancient Mesoamerica

Marcello A. Canuto and Jason Yaeger.

in The Oxford Handbook of Mesoamerican Archaeology

September 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; Archaeology by Region. 4778 words.

This article reviews research showing the importance of an archaeology of communities for Mesoamerica. Methodologically, the community is situated between the scales of household and...

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Archaeological Communities and Languages

Kristian Kristiansen.

in The Oxford Handbook of Public Archaeology

January 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; Contemporary and Public Archaeology. 6622 words.

The recent expansion of the heritage sector is linked to developments of infrastructure, leading to developer-funded rescue archaeology, and cultural tourism, which shifted the public...

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The Qumran community

Timothy H. Lim.

in The Dead Sea Scrolls

November 2005; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Biblical Archaeology; Biblical Studies. 5062 words.

‘The Qumran community’ assesses what we know about the social structure of the Qumran sect. Early estimates of the size of the community suggested thousands of members, but it was more...

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Households and communities

Leo Webley.

in The Oxford Handbook of the European Iron Age

P ublished online March 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Anglo-Saxon and Medieval Archaeology; Prehistoric Archaeology. 8820 words.

The household is often seen as the basic unit of European Iron Age societies, but the role of the domestic sphere as a social arena has received relatively little attention. This chapter...

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Rule of the Community

Jerome o. p. Murphy-O'Connor.

in The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

November 1996; p ublished online April 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology of the Near East; Religious Studies; Biblical Studies. 1260 words.

The abbreviated title of the Rule of the Community is 1QS; the 1Q indicates that it comes from the

Nonroyal Governance at Chan's Community Center

Cynthia Robin.

in Chan

June 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Prehistoric Archaeology. 5935 words.

This chapter focuses on Chan's leading families and the nature of leadership and nonroyal governance at the Maya farming community of Chan. Evidence for community-wide festivals and feasts...

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