Oxford Index Search Results

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community x Archaeology by Region x clear all

community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

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Communities in Ancient Mesoamerica

Marcello A. Canuto and Jason Yaeger.

in The Oxford Handbook of Mesoamerican Archaeology

September 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; Archaeology by Region. 4778 words.

This article reviews research showing the importance of an archaeology of communities for Mesoamerica. Methodologically, the community is situated between the scales of household and...

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Rule of the Community

Jerome o. p. Murphy-O'Connor.

in The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

November 1996; p ublished online April 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology of the Near East; Religious Studies; Biblical Studies. 1260 words.

The abbreviated title of the Rule of the Community is 1QS; the 1Q indicates that it comes from the

Southern African Late Farming Communities

Alex Schoeman.

in The Oxford Handbook of African Archaeology

July 2013; p ublished online September 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; African Archaeology. 5535 words.

Southern African Late Farming Communities were related to the majority of contemporary southern Africans. These agropastoralists formed part of a broader precolonial southern African...

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Incorporating Christian Communities in North Africa

Susan T. Stevens.

in The Oxford Handbook of Early Christian Archaeology

February 2019; p ublished online January 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Biblical Archaeology; Archaeology; African Archaeology. 8168 words.

Christian communities in North Africa are attested in textual sources from the second into the tenth centuries. The material evidence for them, especially churches, is restricted to the...

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Diversity in First-millennium AD Southwestern Farming Communities

Lisa Young.

in The Oxford Handbook of North American Archaeology

February 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; North American Archaeology. 3468 words.

In the Southwest, the concept of the community has been especially useful for examining the organization of aggregated settlements. For example, archaeologists used the phrase “Chacoan...

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Early Farming Communities of Southern and South-Central Africa

Peter Mitchell.

in The Oxford Handbook of African Archaeology

July 2013; p ublished online September 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; African Archaeology. 5903 words.

The first millennium AD saw much of south-central and southern Africa transformed by the expansion and consolidation of communities that combined cultivation with herding and smelted and...

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Monumental Landscape and Community in the Southern Lower Mississippi Valley During the Late Woodland and Mississippi Periods

Mark A. Rees.

in The Oxford Handbook of North American Archaeology

February 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; North American Archaeology. 4680 words.

Much of what is known today about ancient Native American cultures of the Lower Mississippi Valley (LMV) stems from studies of sites with earthen mounds, along with ceramic artifacts that...

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Recent Farming Communities and States in the Congo Basin and its Environs

Pierre de Maret.

in The Oxford Handbook of African Archaeology

July 2013; p ublished online September 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; African Archaeology. 5162 words.

Over 500 different ethno-linguistic groups live today in the Congo Basin and its periphery. Almost all are farmers, and, except in the northeast, all speak Bantu languages. The very centre...

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Inca Landscapes of Domination

Andrés Troncoso.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Incas

June 2018; p ublished online April 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology by Region. 6378 words.

In many provinces of the Tahuantinsuyu, the understanding of Inca domination has been focused on the political strategies implemented by the state. However, the political landscape...

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Understanding Lapita as History

John Edward Terrell.

in The Oxford Handbook of Prehistoric Oceania

P ublished online November 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology by Region. 9977 words.

Although often seen as a singular historical phenomenon, it is likely that the prehistory witnessed archaeologically by Lapita pottery and other associated artifacts differed significantly...

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Pobladores of New Mexico

Jun Oeno Sunseri.

in The Oxford Handbook of Southwest Archaeology

October 2017; p ublished online September 2017 .

Article. Subjects: North American Archaeology. 6258 words.

Eighteenth-century New Mexican buffer villages located on the most exposed margins of the Spanish colony were built by pluralistic communities that included people of Spanish descent,...

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The Early Agricultural Period

James M. Vint and Jonathan B. Mabry.

in The Oxford Handbook of Southwest Archaeology

October 2017; p ublished online September 2017 .

Article. Subjects: North American Archaeology. 7031 words.

Continuing research on the Early Agricultural period has bolstered our understanding of early farming technology, community structure, and chronology. Environmental factors clearly affected...

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The Neolithic on the Plateau

Mihriban Özbaşaran.

in The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Anatolia

September 2011; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology of the Near East. 11169 words.

This article compiles data on the ninth-to-sixth-millennium-BCE communities of the central Anatolian plateau, underscoring the distinctive features of each of them in chronological order...

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The Italian Peninsula

Jeremy Mark Hayne.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Phoenician and Punic Mediterranean

October 2019; p ublished online August 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology by Region. 6930 words.

The Phoenicians never built settlements on the Italian mainland, and the evidence of a Phoenician presence on the Italian peninsula is based mainly on the discovery of luxury items and...

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Sardinia

Andrea Roppa.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Phoenician and Punic Mediterranean

October 2019; p ublished online August 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology by Region. 7169 words.

Starting from the late ninth century bce, groups of Phoenician sailors and merchants landed on the island of Sardinia, searching for resources—metals in particular—to trade along the...

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Research Issues in the Circum-New Guinea Islands

J. Specht.

in The Oxford Handbook of Prehistoric Oceania

P ublished online October 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology by Region. 10315 words.

Writing an archaeological prehistory of the New Guinea islands in northern Near Oceania is hindered by the paucity of field research and reliance on other disciplines to fill gaps in the...

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The Archaeology of Rapa Nui (Easter Island)

Terry L. Hunt and Carl Lipo.

in The Oxford Handbook of Prehistoric Oceania

P ublished online December 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology by Region. 14304 words.

The public and scholarly fascination with Rapa Nui or Easter Island has stimulated research on this isolated island since the late nineteenth century. In the last twenty years such research...

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Eastern Pueblo Archaeology

James E. Snead.

in The Oxford Handbook of Southwest Archaeology

October 2017; p ublished online September 2017 .

Article. Subjects: North American Archaeology. 6925 words.

The Eastern Pueblo region, home to numerous modern Indigenous communities and the archaeological remains associated with their ancestors, is one of the largest cultural areas in the...

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Oral Traditions

Chip Colwell.

in The Oxford Handbook of Southwest Archaeology

October 2017; p ublished online September 2017 .

Article. Subjects: North American Archaeology. 5810 words.

Never before have oral narratives been more important in Southwest archaeology than they are today. Spoken histories—variously known as oral traditions, oral histories, Native literature,...

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Colonial Demography and Bioarchaeology

Melissa S. Murphy.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Incas

June 2018; p ublished online April 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology by Region. 8466 words.

A growing body of bioarchaeological research into the biocultural effects of Spanish colonialism on native Andean communities shows that traditional and popular narratives emphasizing the...

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