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community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

See overview in Oxford Index

The Qumran community

Timothy H. Lim.

in The Dead Sea Scrolls

November 2005; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Biblical Archaeology; Biblical Studies. 5062 words.

‘The Qumran community’ assesses what we know about the social structure of the Qumran sect. Early estimates of the size of the community suggested thousands of members, but it was more...

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The Archaeology of Early Monastic Communities

Darlene L. Brooks Hedstrom.

in The Oxford Handbook of Early Christian Archaeology

February 2019; p ublished online January 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Biblical Archaeology; Archaeology. 7614 words.

This chapter discusses new developments in the field of monastic archaeology and the archaeology of early monastic settlements. The presence of monastic communities in documentary and...

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The communities of the Dead Sea Scrolls

Timothy H. Lim.

in The Dead Sea Scrolls: A Very Short Introduction

March 2017; p ublished online March 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Biblical Archaeology; Biblical Studies. 5455 words.

‘The communities of the Dead Sea Scrolls’ assesses what we know about the social structure and daily lives of the Qumran community. Early estimates of the community’s size suggested...

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Incorporating Christian Communities in North Africa

Susan T. Stevens.

in The Oxford Handbook of Early Christian Archaeology

February 2019; p ublished online January 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Biblical Archaeology; Archaeology; African Archaeology. 8168 words.

Christian communities in North Africa are attested in textual sources from the second into the tenth centuries. The material evidence for them, especially churches, is restricted to the...

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The Qumran-Essene community in context

Timothy H. Lim.

in The Dead Sea Scrolls

November 2005; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Biblical Archaeology; Biblical Studies. 3352 words.

‘The Qumran–Essene community in context’ contextualizes the Dead Sea Scrolls within the history of Second Temple Judaism. The period began under Persian rule, when Cyrus adopted a policy of...

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The religious beliefs of the Qumran community

Timothy H. Lim.

in The Dead Sea Scrolls

November 2005; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Biblical Archaeology; Biblical Studies. 1642 words.

‘The religious beliefs of the Qumran community’ explores the beliefs of Qumran Jews. Judaism is a way of life rather than a common faith, but common beliefs are held. The Doctrine of the...

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The religious beliefs of the sectarian communities

Timothy H. Lim.

in The Dead Sea Scrolls: A Very Short Introduction

March 2017; p ublished online March 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Biblical Archaeology; Biblical Studies. 1640 words.

‘The religious beliefs of the sectarian communities’ explores Jewish beliefs in the Second Temple period. Judaism is a way of life rather than a common faith, but common beliefs are held....

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Community, Church, and Conversion in the Prefecture of Illyricum and the Cyclades

Rebecca Sweetman.

in The Oxford Handbook of Early Christian Archaeology

February 2019; p ublished online January 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Biblical Archaeology; Archaeology. 7887 words.

This chapter surveys, through a series of case studies, the material aspects of early Christianity in provinces in the dioceses of Macedonia and Asia (Achaea, Thessalia, Macedonia Prima,...

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The Church of the East Until the Eighth Century

Stefan R. Hauser.

in The Oxford Handbook of Early Christian Archaeology

February 2019; p ublished online January 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Biblical Archaeology; Archaeology. 8611 words.

For a long time, the development of Christian communities within the Sasanian and early Islamic Empires was either neglected or described in terms of a history of persecution and antagonism...

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Christianity

Sam Turner.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Ritual and Religion

October 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; Biblical Archaeology. 8543 words.

This article provides an overview of archaeological approaches to Christianity and outlines some potentially fruitful avenues for future research and discovery. As such it is divided into...

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Lamps

Maria Parani.

in The Oxford Handbook of Early Christian Archaeology

February 2019; p ublished online January 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Biblical Archaeology; Archaeology. 7877 words.

Lamps with Christian imagery are among the earliest and most easily identifiable material witnesses to early Christian communities in the Roman Empire, but lamps employed by Christians were...

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The Dead Sea Scrolls: A Very Short Introduction

Timothy H. Lim.

March 2017; p ublished online March 2017 .

Book. Subjects: Biblical Archaeology; Biblical Studies. 168 pages.

The Dead Sea Scrolls: A Very Short introduction discusses the cultural significance of the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls and the religious, political, and legal controversies during the...

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Jewish sectarianism in the Second Temple period

Timothy H. Lim.

in The Dead Sea Scrolls: A Very Short Introduction

March 2017; p ublished online March 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Biblical Archaeology; Biblical Studies. 3331 words.

‘Jewish sectarianism in the Second Temple period’ contextualizes the Dead Sea Scrolls within the history of Second Temple Judaism and discusses the origins and history of the Qumran...

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Archaeology of Early Christianity in Egypt

Darlene L. Brooks Hedstrom.

in The Oxford Handbook of Early Christian Archaeology

February 2019; p ublished online January 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Biblical Archaeology; Archaeology; Egyptian Archaeology. 7574 words.

This chapter discusses the evolution of scholarly interest in Christian antiquities in Egypt after 1900. The archaeology of early Christianity developed much later than the field of...

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Armenia

Christina Maranci.

in The Oxford Handbook of Early Christian Archaeology

February 2019; p ublished online January 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Biblical Archaeology; Archaeology; Archaeology by Region. 8292 words.

The fourth to seventh centuries were formative in the art and culture of Armenia. This era witnessed the conversion of the land to Christianity, the invention of the Armenian alphabet and...

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