Oxford Index Search Results

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community x Prehistoric Archaeology x clear all

community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

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The Chan Community

Cynthia Robin.

in Chan

June 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Prehistoric Archaeology. 8005 words.

This chapter presents a bioarchaeological study of the skeletal remains of the people buried at the Maya farming community of Chan. It explores physical well-being garnered from...

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Wari Community Organization

Tiffiny A. Tung.

in Violence, Ritual, and the Wari Empire

February 2012; p ublished online May 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Prehistoric Archaeology. 14134 words.

This chapter presents the age-at-death and sex distributions at all three sites, and the strontium isotope and ancient mtDNA data from Conchopata. Those demographic data are used to...

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Creating Community with Shell

Cynthia Robin.

in Chan

June 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Prehistoric Archaeology. 5585 words.

This chapter examines 29,000 shell items excavated at the Maya farming community of Chan. It discusses three archaeologically identifiable practices in which the people of Chan used shell...

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Households and communities

Leo Webley.

in The Oxford Handbook of the European Iron Age

P ublished online March 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Anglo-Saxon and Medieval Archaeology; Prehistoric Archaeology. 8820 words.

The household is often seen as the basic unit of European Iron Age societies, but the role of the domestic sphere as a social arena has received relatively little attention. This chapter...

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Nonroyal Governance at Chan's Community Center

Cynthia Robin.

in Chan

June 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Prehistoric Archaeology. 5935 words.

This chapter focuses on Chan's leading families and the nature of leadership and nonroyal governance at the Maya farming community of Chan. Evidence for community-wide festivals and feasts...

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Ritual in a Farming Community

Cynthia Robin.

in Chan

June 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Prehistoric Archaeology. 7256 words.

This chapter explores the 2000-year history of ritual and religion at the farming community of Chan. It identifies three key ritual practices that have a deep history at Chan: ancestor...

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Identity Formation: Communities and Individuals

KELLY J. KNUDSON and CHRISTOPHER M. STOJANOWSKI.

in Bioarchaeology and Identity in the Americas

January 2011; p ublished online January 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Prehistoric Archaeology. 1728 words.

This chapter briefly summarizes and contextualizes the book's contributions. The focus is on contextualizing both social identities that occur at the level of the community and those which...

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Hierarchy and Heterarchy within Pukara Communities

Elizabeth N. Arkush.

in Hillforts of the Ancient Andes

January 2011; p ublished online September 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Prehistoric Archaeology. 14425 words.

The pukaras occupied the largest and most imposing Late Intermediate period sites known in the northern basin. This is where one would have expected the Colla lords to reside, if there had...

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The Traditions of Mount Taylor Communities

Asa R. Randal.

in Constructing Histories

August 2015; p ublished online January 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Prehistoric Archaeology. 11143 words.

This chapter defines the Mount Taylor archaeological culture, during which most shell mounds on the St. Johns River were constructed. On one hand, the Mount Taylor culture has been...

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Learning from an Ancient Maya Farming Community

Cynthia Robin.

in Chan

June 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Prehistoric Archaeology. 13469 words.

This chapter provides a summary of and conclusion to the book and the archaeology work at Chan. The 2000-year history of the Maya farming community of Chan is instructive of the...

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Violence and Skeletal Trauma among Wari Communities

Tiffiny A. Tung.

in Violence, Ritual, and the Wari Empire

February 2012; p ublished online May 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Prehistoric Archaeology. 16584 words.

This chapter presents data on violence-related trauma to examine whether militarism and violence were central components of Wari imperial expansion and rule, and whether imperial authority...

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Community Violence and Everyday Life: Death at Arroyo Hondo

Ann M. Palkovich.

in The Bioarchaeology of Violence

August 2012; p ublished online January 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Prehistoric Archaeology. 3754 words.

The focus is on community-centered violence at a fourteenth-century Ancestral Pueblo site in the American Southwest called Arroyo Hondo. In this chapter, Ann M. Palkovich avoids identifying...

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Trajectories of Health in Early Farming Communities of East Asia

Kate Pechenkina, Ma Xiaolin and Fan Wenquan.

in Bioarchaeology of East Asia

July 2013; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Prehistoric Archaeology. 14434 words.

This chapter examines the general trends in health that accompanied increasing reliance on agriculture and a later increase in social complexity experienced by human communities of the...

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Building Community on the White River in Central Indiana

Robert G. McCullough.

in Building the Past

March 2015; p ublished online September 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Prehistoric Archaeology. 11106 words.

A process of settlement aggregation occurred at about A.D. 1050 when groups related to the Western Basin Tradition moved south into the West Fork of the White River in central Indiana....

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The Early Terminal Late Woodland Period Sponemann Community Development

A. Martin Byers.

in Cahokia

August 2006; p ublished online September 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Prehistoric Archaeology. 5601 words.

This chapter interprets the Sponemann settlement pattern in developmental terms, as the working out over time of shifting proscriptive-prescriptive deontics arising from intensified...

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Archaic Histories beyond the Shell “Heap” on the St. Johns River

Asa R. Randall, Kenneth E. Sassaman, Zackary I. Gilmore, Meggan E. Blessing and Jason M. O'Donoughue.

in New Histories of Pre-Columbian Florida

April 2014; p ublished online September 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Prehistoric Archaeology. 7400 words.

Landscape use and modification are important ways through which small scale societies “write” their own histories. This chapter examines how Archaic period communities wrote histories...

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North Gulf Coastal Archaeology of the Here and Now

Kenneth E. Sassaman, Paulette S. McFadden, Micah P. Monés, Andrea Palmiotto and Asa R. Randall.

in New Histories of Pre-Columbian Florida

April 2014; p ublished online September 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Prehistoric Archaeology. 8150 words.

Archaeological evidence for 4,000 years of coastal living on the northern Gulf Coast of Florida reveals lessons in displacement and resettlement that bear relevance to the environmental...

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Monumentality beyond Scale

Thomas J. Pluckhahn and Victor D. Thompson.

in New Histories of Pre-Columbian Florida

April 2014; p ublished online September 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Prehistoric Archaeology. 4558 words.

Archaeologists commonly employ Bruce Trigger’s definition of monumental architecture as that exhibiting scale or elaboration exceeding the practical requirements of intended purpose. In...

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Crafting Orange Pottery in Early Florida

Rebecca Saunders and Margaret K. Wrenn.

in New Histories of Pre-Columbian Florida

April 2014; p ublished online September 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Prehistoric Archaeology. 7265 words.

In this chapter, we discuss the origin and trajectory of Orange pottery in northeast Florida, one of the earliest potteries in the United States, by comparing the assemblages at two Late...

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Beyond Victims

John J. Crandall and Jennifer L. Thompson.

in Tracing Childhood

May 2014; p ublished online September 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Prehistoric Archaeology. 8845 words.

Human sacrifice has been documented cross-culturally both in the past and present. Often subadults, such as young children and infants, are victims in such rituals. Past research has...

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