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community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

See overview in Oxford Index

Korovin family

V. M. Volodarsky and Marian Burleigh-Motley.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Painting. 655 words.

Russian family of painters.

(b Moscow, Aug 19, 1858; d Moscow, Oct 26, 1908).

He studied at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture from 1876 to...

Jordaens, Hans, I

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Painting. 451 words.

(b Antwerp, c. 1555; d Delft, bur May 23, 1630).

Flemish painter, active in the northern Netherlands. In 1572 he was recorded in Antwerp as a pupil of Noe de Noewielle and in...

Torelli family

Dwight C. Miller.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Painting. 859 words.

Italian family of painters.

(b Verona, Sept 9, 1667; d Bologna, June 11, 1748).

He began his study of painting in Verona under Santo Prunati (1652–1728). He also...

Israëls family

Dieuwertje Dekkers and Anna Wagner.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Painting. 2805 words.

[Israels]

Dutch family of painters and printmakers.

(b Groningen, Jan 27, 1824; d Scheveningen, Aug 12, 1911).

He was, during his lifetime, the most...

Jacobsz., Lambert

Marijke van der Meij-Tolsma.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Painting. 495 words.

(b Amsterdam, c. 1598; d Leeuwarden, June 24, 1636).

Dutch painter. He was the son of a well-to-do Mennonite cloth merchant in Amsterdam. He served his apprenticeship there...

Schoubroeck, Pieter

Hans Devisscher.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Painting. 431 words.

(b Herzheim, nr Frankenthal, c. 1570; d Frankenthal, between May 10, 1607 and April 9, 1608).

Painter of Flemish descent, active in Germany and Italy. Although he never visited...

Boucle, Pierre

Lesley Stevenson.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Painting. 288 words.

[Boeckel, Bouck, Boucken, Pieter van; Vanboucle, Pieter]

(b ?Antwerp, c. 1610; d Paris, 1673).

Flemish painter, active in France. He may have studied still-life...

Barrera, Francisco de

Peter Cherry.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Painting. 301 words.

(b 1595; d after Sept 11, 1657).

Spanish painter . Although he is sometimes thought to have been a Sevillian painter, his career is documented in Madrid. Barrera enjoyed...

Frankenthal school

Joaneath A. Spicer.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Painting. 767 words.

Term used to refer to a group of landscape artists living in Frankenthal, Germany, from c. 1586 to the 1620s. In 1562 the Elector Palatine Frederick III established an asylum for...

Bucher, Johann Joseph

in Benezit Dictionary of Artists

P ublished online October 2011 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Painting; 18th-Century Art. 32 words.

Swiss, 18th century, male.

Born 1739, in Herns; died 18 May 1798.

Painter.

Johann Joseph Bucher worked as a painter under the auspices of the community. He was...

Howells, Elinor Mead

Jennifer S. Tuttle.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Drawing and Pastels; Painting. 1243 words.

Howells, Elinor Mead (01 May 1837–07 May 1910), artist, was born in Chesterfield, New Hampshire, the daughter of Larkin Goldsmith Mead, a lawyer, and Mary Jane Noyes. Her parents settled...

West, Benjamin

Allen Staley.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Drawing and Pastels; Painting. 2929 words.

West, Benjamin (10 October 1738–11 March 1820), painter, was born in Springfield, Pennsylvania, the son of John West, an innkeeper, and his second wife, Sarah Pearson. Although both his...

Fried, Theodore

in Benezit Dictionary of Artists

P ublished online October 2011 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Painting; 20th-Century Art. 187 words.

Hungarian, 20th century, male.

Born 1902, in Budapest; died 1980.

Painter.

Theodore Fried studied at the royal academy in Budapest. He moved to Paris in 1925 and...

Carozzi, Giuseppe

in Benezit Dictionary of Artists

P ublished online October 2011 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Painting; 19th-Century Art. 291 words.

Italian, 19th century, male.

Born 1864, in Milan.

Painter. Mountainscapes, seascapes, landscapes.

Carozzi's masters were Fontanesi, Carcano and Bazzaro. In 1900...

Duxa, Karl or Carl

in Benezit Dictionary of Artists

P ublished online October 2011 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Painting; 20th-Century Art. 332 words.

Austrian, 20th century, male.

Born 28 January 1871, in Vienna; died 1937, in Vienna.

Painter. Genre scenes.

Karl Duxa was the son of Aloïs Duxa; he studied at the...

Echter, Michael

in Benezit Dictionary of Artists

P ublished online October 2011 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Painting; 19th-Century Art. 108 words.

German, 19th century, male.

Born 5 March 1812, in Munich; died 4 February 1879, in Munich.

Painter. History painting, portraits, genre scenes.

Michael Echter...

Simakov, Ivan Vasilievich

in Benezit Dictionary of Artists

P ublished online October 2011 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Painting; 20th-Century Art. 47 words.

Russian, 20th century, male.

Born 1877; died 1925.

Painter (gouache), poster designer. Scenes with figures.

Socialist Realism.

London, 14...

Witsel, Anton

in Benezit Dictionary of Artists

P ublished online October 2011 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Painting; 20th-Century Art. 52 words.

Dutch, 20th century, male.

Born 1911, in Amsterdam.

Painter, draughtsman.

Anton Witsel was a sailor and part-time painter. He made contact with the Jewish...

Coia, Emilio (1911–1997), caricaturist

Duncan Thomson.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Drawing and Pastels; Painting. 1111 words.

Coia, Emilio (1911–1997), caricaturist, was born at 244 Castle Street, Glasgow, on 13 April 1911, the son of Giovanni Coia, an ice-cream dealer, and his wife, Maria Salvatore. His parents,...

Siferwas, John (fl. 1380–1421), manuscript artist

Timothy Graham.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Drawing and Pastels; Painting. 570 words.

Siferwas, John (fl. 1380–1421), manuscript artist, was active in the late fourteenth and early fifteenth centuries. He depicted himself several times in the habit of a Dominican friar, and...