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community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

See overview in Oxford Index

The Pythagorean Communities

Leonid Zhmud.

in Pythagoras and the Early Pythagoreans

May 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Classical Philosophy. 14886 words.

This chapter explores the kind of community founded by Pythagoras. It considers those types of association which actually existed in Greece in the Archaic and Classical periods. If the...

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Woundedness, Narrative, and Community in the Iliad

Marina Berzins McCoy.

in Wounded Heroes

September 2013; p ublished online January 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Classical Literature; Classical Philosophy. 15037 words.

This chapter examines the descriptions of wounding in Homer’s Iliad for their insights into vulnerability and its meaning. Homer presents wounds and their signifying of mortality as central...

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Tragedy, Katharsis, and Community in Aristotle’s Poetics

Marina Berzins McCoy.

in Wounded Heroes

September 2013; p ublished online January 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Classical Literature; Classical Philosophy. 14466 words.

This chapter turns to Aristotle’s discussion of tragedy and narrative in the Poetics. It examines how the public, performed aspect of tragedy and witnessing tragedy as a political community...

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Was Athens a State or a Stateless Community?

Edward M. Harris.

in The Rule of Law in Action in Democratic Athens

November 2013; p ublished online January 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Classical Philosophy. 17695 words.

This chapter places the Athenian administration of justice in its broad political context. First, it shows that the Athenians made a clear distinction between the public sphere and the...

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Nature, Culture, and the Boundaries of the Human Community

Daniel S. Richter.

in Cosmopolis

March 2011; p ublished online May 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Classical Philosophy. 18426 words.

The idea that biology somehow influences the nature of the individual has deep roots in ancient Greek thought. What is the nature of human difference? Are acquired traits heritable? Are...

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Aporia

David Wolfsdorf.

in Trials of Reason

June 2008; p ublished online January 2008 .

Chapter. Subjects: Classical Philosophy. 20964 words.

“Aporia” distinguishes two form of aporia among the early dialogues, epistemic, which occurs in all the texts, and dramatic, which occurs only in some. It is argued that the occurrence of...

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philotimia

David Whitehead.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online March 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Philosophy. 179 words.

Philotimia, literally the love of honour (timē). The pursuit of honour(s), tangible or intangible, was a constant of élite behaviour throughout Graeco-Roman antiquity; all that changed was...

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Introduction

Jean-François Pradeau.

in Plato and the City

January 2002; p ublished online May 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Classical Philosophy. 2628 words.

This chapter provides the background to Plato's political philosophy, and states that the backbone of the Platonic political philosophy lies in speculative politics. It argues that politics...

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Cosmopolis

Daniel S. Richter.

March 2011; p ublished online May 2011 .

Book. Subjects: Classical Philosophy. 304 pages.

This is a book about the ways in which various intellectuals in the post-classical Mediterranean imagined the human community as a unified, homogenous whole composed of a diversity of...

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The Rhetoric of Unity

Daniel S. Richter.

in Cosmopolis

March 2011; p ublished online May 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Classical Philosophy. 25779 words.

Post classical rhetoricians applied and adapted philosophical and scientific ideas about the nature of the human soul and the human community to describe the world as they saw it and wanted...

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Man and the Word

Himerius.

October 2007; p ublished online March 2012 .

Book. Subjects: Classical Philosophy. 328 pages.

This annotated book offers an English translation of the orations of Himerius of Athens, a prominent teacher of rhetoric in the fourth century A.D. It contains 79 surviving orations and...

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The Human Life

Dirk Baltzly.

in All From One

December 2016; p ublished online January 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Classical Philosophy. 8367 words.

In previous chapters, it has become clear that Proclus’ metaphysics is often relevant to human life. In this chapter, that relation is elaborated on in detail, starting from the notion of a...

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Plato's Attitude toward Myth

in How Philosophers Saved Myths

December 2004; p ublished online March 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Classical Philosophy. 6224 words.

This chapter explains the meaning of muthos, which became fixed for all by Plato in ancient Greece, where the meaning of muthos changed as a function of the transformations that affected...

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Hermarchus, of Mytilene

William David Ross, Dirk Obbink and Malcolm Schofield.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online March 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Philosophy. 209 words.

Hermarchus, of *Mytilene, Epicurean, studied under *Epicurus in Mytilene before the school was moved to *Lampsacus in 306 bce, and in 271 he succeeded Epicurus as head of the school. Epicurus' will...

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Teaching Pericles

Gretchen Reydams-Schils.

in Roman Reflections

December 2015; p ublished online November 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Classical Philosophy. 7771 words.

This chapter disputes the scholarly view that Cicero, in his various treatments of Stoic theory and especially in De finibus 3, downplays the importance of physics relative to ethics even...

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Heraclitus: Flux, Order, and Knowledge

Daniel W. Graham.

in The Oxford Handbook of Presocratic Philosophy

October 2008; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Philosophy. 10438 words.

Renewed interest in the Presocratics of the last few decades has not ignored Heraclitus, and some new and fruitful lines of inquiry are now being pursued. This article on Heraclitus...

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Epicureanism Writ Large

Pamela Gordon.

in The Oxford Handbook to the Second Sophistic

December 2017; p ublished online November 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Philosophy. 6005 words.

This chapter examines the cultural contexts of the second-century ce Epicurean inscription of Diogenes of Oenoanda (discovered in a small city in Lycia). More than a handbook on...

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The Rule of Law in Action in Democratic Athens

Edward M. Harris.

November 2013; p ublished online January 2014 .

Book. Subjects: Classical Philosophy. 472 pages.

This book aims to show how the Athenians attempted to put the ideal of the rule of law into action and to understand the nature of litigation in its democratic context. Recent books about...

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Sparta

Lukas Thommen.

in Classics

P ublished online May 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Classical Art and Architecture; Classical History; Classical Literature; Classical Philosophy. 16747 words.

Alongside Athens, Sparta is considered as the second mighty polis in the Greek world and has always attracted admiration as well as criticism, so that its image has undergone many...

Conclusion

Marina Berzins McCoy.

in Wounded Heroes

September 2013; p ublished online January 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Classical Literature; Classical Philosophy. 2062 words.

The final chapter concludes the book’s argument and summarizes its main theses in an overview. The summary claims that human vulnerability is central to a proper self-understanding of human...

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