Oxford Index Search Results

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community x Historical Geography x clear all

community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

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Capital, Climate, and Community-Based Conservation

Nathan F. Sayre.

in The Politics of Scale

March 2017; p ublished online September 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Historical Geography. 4763 words.

Scale is now a central topic of research and theory in rangeland ecology, and non-equilibrium ideas have rapidly gained footing in the US and globally. But the problem of scale remains a...

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Courtiers

Steven Seegel.

in Map Men

June 2018; p ublished online January 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Historical Geography. 15222 words.

The chapter relates the careers and lives of the mapmen after World War I and throughout transnational peace negotiations. Penck fell out of favour in the transnational community and,...

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Megalopolis

James Roy.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online March 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Historical Geography. 355 words.

Megalopolis, (Megalē Polis, ‘Great City’), a new foundation in SW *Arcadia in the period following *Leuctra (sources differ on the date, in the range 370–367 bce). Existing communities were combined...

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Argos

Richard Allan Tomlinson and Antony Spawforth.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online December 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Historical Geography. 884 words.

Argos (1) (city), in the southern part of the Argive plain 5 km. (3 mi.) from the sea, at the foot of the Larissa hill which was occupied from prehistoric, through Classical and Hellenistic, to...

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Social Engineering, National Demography, and Political Economy in Nazi Germany: Gottfried Feder and His New Town Concept

Joshua Hagen.

in Hitler's Geographies

April 2016; p ublished online September 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Historical Geography. 7876 words.

As a totalitarian ideology, National Socialism aimed to build a new political community, a Third Reich, based on social-Darwinist notions of race, space, and place. To operationalize these...

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A League of Their Own

Steven Seegel.

in Map Men

June 2018; p ublished online January 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Historical Geography. 11321 words.

The chapters examines the struggles that Bowman faced as a Wilsonian diplomat, the president of the IGU, and later the President of Johns Hopkins University as he argued for friendship and...

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Cayster River

Marijana Ricl.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online April 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Historical Geography. 2827 words.

The Cayster River flows through Southern Lydia and empties into the Aegean Sea NW of Ephesus. The lower part of its fertile valley belonged to Ephesus in the Hellenistic and Roman period,...

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Lugdunum

A. L. F. Rivet and John Frederick Drinkwater.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online March 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Historical Geography. 622 words.

(1)Colonia Copia Claudia Augusta Lugdunum (mod. Lyon), founded in 43 bce by L. *Munatius Plancus, and to the mid-3rd cent. the metropolis of the north-west of the Roman empire. Its position led to...

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Thubursicum Numidarum

William Nassau Weech, Brian Herbert Warmington and R. J. A. Wilson.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online March 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Historical Geography. 308 words.

Thubursicum Numidarum (near mod. Khamissa), a market town on a hilly site in eastern Algeria, on the road from *Hippo Regius to *Theveste. Lying in the rich Bagradas valley, it first became a...

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Phaselis

George Ewart Bean and Stephen Mitchell.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online March 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Historical Geography. 283 words.

Phaselis (mod. Tekirova), was a Greek settlement founded from *Rhodes on the mountainous east coast of *Lyciac.690 bce. Its triple harbour laid the foundation for commercial success. It was one of...

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The Politics of Scale

Nathan F. Sayre.

March 2017; p ublished online September 2017 .

Book. Subjects: Historical Geography. 281 pages.

This book tells the history of scientific efforts to understand and manage rangelands—the grasslands, shrublands, savannas, tundra, steppe and deserts that comprise some two-fifths of...

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Finding the Center

Catherine Tatiana Dunlop.

in Cartophilia

May 2015; p ublished online January 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Historical Geography. 12285 words.

This chapter explores local and regional maps of Alsace-Lorraine that constructed up-close, experiential, and emotional views of the borderland. Each time that the French-German border...

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Aphrodisias

Joyce Reynolds.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online December 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Historical Geography. 387 words.

Aphrodisias (mod. Geyre), was a *Carian city, probably established in the 2nd cent. bce as the political centre of ‘the Plarasans and Aphrodisians’ (Plarasans dropped from the description under...

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Alexandria (1)

Dominic W. Rathbone.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online December 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Historical Geography. 577 words.

Alexandria (1) was founded by *Alexander (3) the Great in 331 bce when he took *Egypt from the Persians. It was developed principally by the first two Ptolemies, who made it the capital of their...

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Baetica

Simon J. Keay.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online December 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Historical Geography. 251 words.

The heart of the province originally (197 bce) called Further Spain, comprising a range of sophisticated and urbanized peoples formerly controlled by *Carthage. As Roman territory increased, an...

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Epidaurus

Richard Allan Tomlinson.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online December 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Historical Geography. 451 words.

One of the small states of the Argolic Acte, on a peninsula of the Saronic Gulf with evidence of occupation in the late bronze age. By the Classical period it was recognized as a *Dorian community,...

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The Western Range Goes Global

Nathan F. Sayre.

in The Politics of Scale

March 2017; p ublished online September 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Historical Geography. 8684 words.

Range science was the only institutionalized science dedicated to rangelands when international pastoral development programs began following World War II. The concept of carrying capacity...

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Fire and Climax

Nathan F. Sayre.

in The Politics of Scale

March 2017; p ublished online September 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Historical Geography. 10563 words.

Chapter 2 explains the origins of another blind spot, fire, and its relation to Frederic Clements’ theory of succession. Clements conceived of vegetation as in equilibrium with climate and...

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Pergamum

Antony Spawforth and Charlotte Roueché.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online March 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Historical Geography; Middle Eastern History. 656 words.

Pergamum, in Mysia c.24 km. (15 miles) from the *Aegean, a natural fortress of great strategic importance commanding the rich plain of the river Caïcus; important historically as the capital of the...

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Londinium

Martin Millett.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online March 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Historical Geography; Greek and Roman Archaeology. 469 words.

Londinium (mod. London). The Roman settlement had no iron age predecessor and was not established until c.47/8 ce, earlier routes crossing the Thames up river. The settlement stood on Cornhill and...

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