Oxford Index Search Results

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community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

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The Silicon Valley–Hsinchu Connection: Technical Communities and Industrial Upgrading

Annalee Saxenian and Jinn‐Yuh Hsu.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

December 2001; p ublished online December 2001 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Business History; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Industry Studies. 0 words.

Silicon Valley in California and the Hsinchu‐Taipei region of Taiwan are among the most frequently cited ‘miracles’ of the information technology era. The dominant accounts of these...

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Routines and incentives: the role of communities in the firm

Patrick Cohendet and Patrick Llerena.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

April 2003; p ublished online April 2003 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Business History; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Industry Studies. 0 words.

The purpose of this paper is to contribute to clarifying the concept of routines, by focusing on a specific aspect of this concept: namely the question of localization of routines within the...

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Recruitment-based competition between industries: a community ecology

Jesper B. Sørensen.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

February 2004; p ublished online February 2004 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Business History; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Industry Studies. 0 words.

Because entrepreneurs often must recruit labor in order to launch their ventures, the labor market is a potential source of constraint in the entrepreneurial process. Moreover, competition...

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The firm as an epistemic community: the knowledge-based view revisited

Lars Håkanson.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

December 2010; p ublished online September 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Business History; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Industry Studies. 9665 words.

Based on a sociological conceptualization of knowledge as residing in groups of practitioners, epistemic communities, this article proposes a new perspective within the knowledge-based view...

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The Coevolution of Community Networks and Technology: Lessons from the Flight Simulation Industry

LORI ROSENKOPF and MICHAEL L. TUSHMAN.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

June 1998; p ublished online June 1998 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Business History; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Industry Studies. 0 words.

This paper explores how interorganizational networks coevolve with technology in the modern flight simulation industry. Since industries characterized by complex technologies, like flight...

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Agricultural protection and support in the European Economic Community, 1962–92: rent-seeking or welfare policy?

Mark Spoerer.

in European Review of Economic History

May 2015; p ublished online February 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Labour History; Economic History. 9225 words.

The European Economic Community's Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) has found a lot of scholarly attention. While economists stress the irrationality of the CAP and explain its striking...

Penguin in a new suit: a tale of how de novo entrants emerged to harness free and open source software communities

Linus Dahlander.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

October 2007; p ublished online August 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Business History; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Industry Studies. 12299 words.

A growing body of literature has explored the motivations for individuals to take part in free and open source software (FOSS), yet how firms participate is largely an unattended research...

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Introduction: The heterogeneity of innovation—evidence from the Community Innovation Surveys

Jan Fagerberg, David C. Mowery and Paul Nightingale.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

October 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Business History; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Industry Studies. 2144 words.

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Plenty of trust, not much cooperation: social capital and collective action in early twentieth century eastern Spain

Samuel Garrido.

in European Review of Economic History

November 2014; p ublished online August 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Labour History; Economic History. 9283 words.

Social capital—defined here as the norms and networks that create the necessary trust for people to cooperate to solve collective-action problems—also has negative effects. They are usually...

Dealing with economic stress through migration: Lessons from nineteenth century rural Sweden

Martin Dribe.

in European Review of Economic History

December 2003; p ublished online December 2003 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Labour History; Economic History. 0 words.

Preindustrial society was characterised by vast uncertainties due to harvest failures and fluctuations in prices of basic commodities. These economic fluctuations had severe effects on the...

Commons, social capital, and the emergence of agricultural cooperatives in early twentieth century Spain

Francisco J. Beltrán Tapia.

in European Review of Economic History

November 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Labour History; Economic History. 9074 words.

The emergence of Spanish agricultural cooperatives from the end of the nineteenth century was a narrative of uneven regional development. It has been argued that the cooperative movement...

Champions of revealing—the role of open source developers in commercial firms

Joachim Henkel.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

June 2009; p ublished online December 2008 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Business History; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Industry Studies. 12875 words.

The link between firms engaging in open source software (OSS) development and the OSS community is established by individual developers. This linkage might entail a principal-agent issue...

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The firms that feed industrial districts: A return to the Italian source

MH Lazerson and G Lorenzoni.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

June 1999; p ublished online June 1999 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Business History; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Industry Studies. 0 words.

Italian industrial districts comprise a great variety of firms and are criss-crossed by various networks and business groups. Although the vast majority of industrial district firms are...

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Will new information and communication technologies improve the 'codification' of knowledge?

W Edward Steinmueller.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

June 2000; p ublished online June 2000 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Business History; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Industry Studies. 0 words.

New software technologies for personal productivity, research documentation and workgroup applications are analysed as instances of knowledge 'codification'. The analysis reveals that the...

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Configuring software, reconfiguring memories: the influence of integrated systems on the reproduction of knowledge and routines

Luciana D'Adderio.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

April 2003; p ublished online April 2003 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Business History; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Industry Studies. 0 words.

Recent advances in information and communication technologies have provided a substantial push towards the codification of organizational knowledge and practices. It is argued that...

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Exaptation dynamics and entrepreneurial performance: evidence from the internet video industry

Kenny Ching.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

February 2016; p ublished online January 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Business History; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Industry Studies. 11027 words.

This paper explores entrepreneurial strategy by analyzing the Internet video industry. Data on entrants to the Chinese Internet video industry from 2006 to 2011 reveal how those that adapt...

The economics of knowledge: the debate about codification and tacit knowledge

B Ancori, A Bureth and P Cohendet.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

June 2000; p ublished online June 2000 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Business History; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Industry Studies. 0 words.

The aim of this paper is to shed some light on the complex relationships between codified and tacit knowledge. This supposes a first step is to distinguish clearly the notion of knowledge...

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A matter of life and death: innovation and firm survival

Elena Cefis and Orietta Marsili.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

December 2005; p ublished online November 2005 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Business History; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Industry Studies. 9636 words.

This article examines the effects of innovation on survival using data on all manufacturing firms active in the Netherlands and the Community Innovation Survey. By estimating a parametric...

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The many faces of absorptive capacity: spillovers of copper interconnect technology for semiconductor chips

Kwanghui Lim.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

December 2009; p ublished online November 2009 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Business History; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Industry Studies. 12680 words.

A case study of copper interconnect technology suggests that absorptive capacity exist in three forms: disciplinary, domain specific and encoded. Each involves different ways of managing...

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Information Inequality and Broadband Network Access: an Analysis of Australian Household Data

GARY MADDEN, SCOTT SAVAGE and MICHAEL SIMPSON.

in Industrial and Corporate Change

December 1996; p ublished online December 1996 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Industrial History; Business History; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Industry Studies. 0 words.

There has been considerable debate in Australia concerning the social and economic effects of telecommunications carrier investment in broadband network infrastructure. Whether particular...