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community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

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community

Paul Gilbert.

in The Oxford Companion to Philosophy

January 2005; p ublished online January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Philosophy. 79 words.

Group of people living a common life through reciprocal relationships. Communities are contrasted with associations organized for specific purposes in

Community

Jean-Luc Nancy.

in The Possibility of a World

August 2017; p ublished online January 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy. 4320 words.

Nancy extends his discussion of a “world” into a discussion about “community.” While Nancy is asked to discuss the possibility of shared or collective affects, much of the focus of this...

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 Community Service

Mike W. Martin.

in From Morality to Mental Health

May 2006; p ublished online September 2006 .

Chapter. Subjects: Moral Philosophy. 3086 words.

This chapter discusses how an integrated, moral-therapeutic perspective on philanthropy emphasizes the confluence of self-interest, community service, and the virtues. Although all virtues...

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Kantian Communities

Paul Guyer.

in The Virtues of Freedom

December 2016; p ublished online December 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Western Philosophy. 16760 words.

The highest good is the culminating concept of each of Kant’s three critiques and a central concept in other works as well. But his presentation of it is ambivalent between individualistic...

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Communities in Pursuit of Community

Mary B. Mahowald.

in The Relevance of Royce

February 2014; p ublished online September 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Philosophy. 6483 words.

Royce's mature concept of community provides the basis for an idealistic as well as pragmatic account of the topic. “Community” as end is an ideal towards which the genuineness of...

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A Community of Psyches

Patrick Shade and John Lachs.

in Freedom and Limits

March 2014; p ublished online September 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Philosophy. 4946 words.

Lachs argues that the individual is the only moral substance (not atoms, not the state), for it alone is the seat of consciousness and desire required for action. Communities and...

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Loyalty and Community

Mathew A. Foust.

in Loyalty to Loyalty

August 2012; p ublished online January 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Philosophy. 10560 words.

This chapter addresses the following problem: while one may concede Royce's view of loyalty as necessary for becoming a self, and indeed, a moral self, one may doubt that loyalty is...

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The Law of Community

in Terms of the Political

November 2012; p ublished online January 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy. 5657 words.

Chapter 1 begins with a reading of the Latin root of community (cum-munus) as a “task,” “duty,” or “law” in order to claim that what individuals have most in common is a lack of community....

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Autonomy and Community

Joel Feinberg.

in The Moral Limits of the Criminal Law Volume 4: Harmless Wrongdoing

August 1990; p ublished online November 2003 .

Chapter. Subjects: Moral Philosophy. 20038 words.

Feinberg defends liberalism against the charge that, given its commitment to autonomy, it is incompatible with certain community ideals. While Feinberg grants that some conflicts between...

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Epistemic Authority in Communities

Linda Trinkaus Zagzebski.

in Epistemic Authority

November 2012; p ublished online January 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Metaphysics. 8483 words.

This chapter treats the authority of testimony within communities and show how epistemic authority in small communities containing a high degree of trust differs in some interesting ways...

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Melancholy and Community

in Terms of the Political

November 2012; p ublished online January 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy. 4168 words.

Chapter 2 begins by placing these two seemingly contradictory terms in relation: only individuals may be melancholic, and they are so precisely because of their isolation, asociality, or...

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Communities of Respect

Bennett W. Helm.

July 2017; p ublished online August 2017 .

Book. Subjects: Moral Philosophy. 272 pages.

Communities of respect are communities of people sharing common practices or a (partial) way of life; they include families, clubs, religious groups, and political parties. This book...

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Individual and Community

Jacqueline Mariña.

in Transformation of the Self in the thought of Schleiermacher

April 2008; p ublished online May 2008 .

Chapter. Subjects: Philosophy of Religion. 9058 words.

This chapter outlines Schleiermacher's vision of how human nature is to be ensouled through reason. The focus is on Schleiermacher's positive conception and valuation of embodied, finite...

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The Coming Community?

Gregg Lambert.

in Return Statements

May 2016; p ublished online September 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Metaphysics. 9139 words.

This statement returns to the writings of Jean Luc Nancy, Maurice Blanchot, Georges Bataille and the Italian philosopher Giorgio Agamben on the theme of community in relation to the...

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Community and Virtue

Lawrence Blum.

in How Should One Live?

March 1998; p ublished online November 2003 .

Chapter. Subjects: Moral Philosophy. 8896 words.

Distinguishes several different kinds of connection between community and virtue—sustaining, content providing, agency constituting, worth defining, and others—using as a reference point...

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Spirit and Community

Peter C. Hodgson.

in Hegel and Christian Theology

March 2005; p ublished online April 2005 .

Chapter. Subjects: Philosophy of Religion. 11827 words.

With the passage from the sensible to the spiritual presence of Christ, the community formed by the outpouring of the Holy Spirit comprises a unique and unsurpassable intersubjectivity of...

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Community and Violence

in Terms of the Political

November 2012; p ublished online January 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy. 5093 words.

This chapter explores the constitutive link between violence and community. Not only do all world literatures and origin stories posit war, violence, or bloodshed as the founding act of...

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The Liberal Community

Alan Ryan.

in The Making of Modern Liberalism

August 2012; p ublished online October 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy. 7862 words.

This chapter focuses on the “liberal-communitarian debate.” It argues that the conflict between liberalism and communitarianism that the “debate” supposes is a figment of the imagination;...

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Authority in Religious Communities

Linda Zagzebski.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Epistemology of Theology

June 2017; p ublished online July 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy of Religion. 7103 words.

This chapter defends authority in traditional religious communities on the same general grounds used by Joseph Raz in his well-known defence of the authority of the state in the context of...

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 Responsibility in Community

Mike W. Martin.

in From Morality to Mental Health

May 2006; p ublished online September 2006 .

Chapter. Subjects: Moral Philosophy. 5130 words.

Critics have interpreted the therapeutic trend as a replacement of community-oriented morality with self-oriented therapeutic values such as self-esteem, self-fulfilment, and authenticity....

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