Oxford Index Search Results

You are looking at 1-20 of 34 items for:

community x Epistemology x clear all

community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

See overview in Oxford Index

WHY (SOME) KNOWLEDGE IS THE PROPERTY OF A COMMUNITY AND POSSIBLY NONE OF ITS MEMBERS

Boaz Miller.

in The Philosophical Quarterly

July 2015; p ublished online June 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Epistemology; Metaphysics; Moral Philosophy; Philosophy of Language; Philosophy of Mind. 10550 words.

Mainstream analytic epistemology regards knowledge as the property of individuals, rather than groups. Drawing on insights from the reality of knowledge production and dissemination in the...

Review: Punishment, Communication and Community

Nicola Lacey.

in Mind

April 2002; p ublished online April 2002 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Epistemology; Metaphysics; Philosophy of Language; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Philosophy of Mind. 0 words.

Review: Community, Solidarity and Belonging: Levels of Community and Their Normative Significance

Richard Dagger.

in Mind

January 2002; p ublished online January 2002 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Metaphysics; Epistemology; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Philosophy of Mind; Philosophy of Language. 0 words.

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Situating Feminist Studies

Ellen Messer-Davidow.

in The Oxford Handbook of Interdisciplinarity

January 2017; p ublished online March 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Epistemology. 6732 words.

Feminist studies in the United States and India emerged from women’s activism during the same decades, but they developed significant differences both institutionally and intellectually....

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The Future of Interdisciplinarity

Robert Frodeman.

in The Oxford Handbook of Interdisciplinarity

January 2017; p ublished online March 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Epistemology. 2939 words.

“The Future of Interdisciplinarity” explores the role of interdisciplinarity within the ecology of knowledge production and use. Cultural transformation, much of it driven by information...

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Positive Freedom and the General Will

Piper L. Bringhurst and Gerald Gaus.

in The Oxford Handbook of Freedom

April 2018; p ublished online October 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Epistemology. 9967 words.

This chapter shows how one understanding of positive liberty—freedom as reasoned control—is presupposed by relations of moral responsibility. Rousseau’s “quixotic quest”—insuring that all...

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New Public Service through Coproduction

José Francisco Salm Jr. and Roberto C. S. Pacheco.

in The Oxford Handbook of Interdisciplinarity

January 2017; p ublished online March 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Epistemology. 1012 words.

New Public Service (NPS) is a proposal for public administration structured on a foundation of public interest, democratic ideals, citizenship and community participation. NPS offers...

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Physics and Method

Laura Ruetsche.

in The Oxford Handbook of Philosophical Methodology

May 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Article. Subjects: History of Western Philosophy; Epistemology. 10348 words.

This article deals with the methodologies used in philosophy of physics. It begins by considering some methodological inclinations at large in the community of philosophers of physics in...

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Religious Studies and Religious Practice

Sarah E. Fredericks.

in The Oxford Handbook of Interdisciplinarity

January 2017; p ublished online March 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Epistemology; Philosophy of Religion. 6143 words.

The academic study of religion uses multidisciplinary, interdisciplinary, and transdisciplinary methods because of the nature of religion and the interaction between religious practice and...

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Method in Analytic Metaphysics

Daniel Nolan.

in The Oxford Handbook of Philosophical Methodology

May 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Article. Subjects: History of Western Philosophy; Epistemology. 10841 words.

This article focuses on the main methods used in analytic metaphysics. It first considers five important sources of constraints on metaphysical theorizing: linguistic and conceptual...

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Naturalism Reconsidered

Alan Weir.

in The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic

June 2007; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Epistemology; Philosophy of Science. 10508 words.

This article focuses on naturalism. It makes one terminological distinction: between methodological naturalism and ontological naturalism. The methodological naturalist assumes there is a...

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Natural kind terms and recognitional capacities

J Brown.

in Mind

April 1998; p ublished online April 1998 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Metaphysics; Epistemology; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Philosophy of Mind; Philosophy of Language. 0 words.

The main contribution of this paper is a new account of how a community may introduce a term for a natural kind in advance of knowing the correct scientific account of that kind. The account...

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Social Externalism and the Knowledge Argument

Torin Alter.

in Mind

April 2013; p ublished online September 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Metaphysics; Epistemology; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Philosophy of Mind; Philosophy of Language. 6059 words.

According to social externalism, it is possible to possess a concept not solely in virtue of one’s intrinsic properties but also in virtue of relations to one’s linguistic community. Derek...

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Meta-agnosticism: Higher Order Epistemic Possibility

Roy Sorensen.

in Mind

July 2009; p ublished online September 2009 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Metaphysics; Epistemology; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Philosophy of Mind; Philosophy of Language. 2441 words.

In ‘Epistemic Modals’ (2007), Seth Yalcin proposes Stalnaker-style semantics for epistemic possibility. He is inspired by John MacFarlane’s ingenious defence of relativism, in which claims...

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Mental causation

F Jackson.

in Mind

July 1996; p ublished online July 1996 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Metaphysics; Epistemology; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Philosophy of Mind; Philosophy of Language. 0 words.

I survey recent work on mental causation. The discussion is conducted under the twin presumptions that mental states, including especially what subjects believe and desire, causally explain...

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Philosophy of Evidence-Based Medicine

Jeremy Howick, Ashley Graham Kennedy and Alexander Mebius.

in Philosophy

P ublished online January 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Epistemology; Feminist Philosophy; History of Western Philosophy; Metaphysics; Moral Philosophy; Non-Western Philosophy; Philosophy of Language; Philosophy of Law; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Philosophy of Mind; Philosophy of Religion; Philosophy of Science; Social and Political Philosophy. 7422 words.

Since its introduction just over two decades ago, evidence-based medicine (EBM) has come to dominate medical practice, teaching, and policy. There are a growing number of textbooks,...

IV—The Infliction of Subsistence Deprivations as a Perfect Crime

Elizabeth Ashford.

in Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society

April 2018; p ublished online March 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Epistemology; History of Western Philosophy; Moral Philosophy; Philosophy of Mind. 8360 words.

Abstract

Genuine acknowledgement of a fundamental human right entails prohibiting and classifying as a violation behaviour that predictably deprives persons of...

Dignity and the Value of Rejecting Profitable but Insulting Offers

Efthymios Athanasiou, Alex John London and Kevin J. S. Zollman.

in Mind

April 2015; p ublished online April 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Epistemology; Metaphysics; Philosophy of Language; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Philosophy of Mind. 15538 words.

In this paper we distinguish two competing conceptions of dignity, one recognizably Hobbesian and one recognizably Kantian. We provide a formal model of how decision-makers committed to...

Arthur Schopenhauer

Dale Jacquette.

in Philosophy

P ublished online October 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Epistemology; Feminist Philosophy; History of Western Philosophy; Metaphysics; Moral Philosophy; Non-Western Philosophy; Philosophy of Language; Philosophy of Law; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Philosophy of Mind; Philosophy of Religion; Philosophy of Science; Social and Political Philosophy. 8547 words.

Arthur Schopenhauer (b. 1788–d. 1860) was a private scholar and philosopher. Although Schopenhauer was largely ignored by the professional academic philosophical community during his...

Baruch Spinoza

Yitzhak Y. Melamed.

in Philosophy

P ublished online February 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Epistemology; Feminist Philosophy; History of Western Philosophy; Metaphysics; Moral Philosophy; Non-Western Philosophy; Philosophy of Language; Philosophy of Law; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Philosophy of Mind; Philosophy of Religion; Philosophy of Science; Social and Political Philosophy. 4915 words.

Benedictus de Spinoza (b. 1632–d. 1677) was one of the greatest metaphysicians of all time, and the boldest and most controversial philosopher of modernity. Born and educated in the Jewish...