Oxford Index Search Results

You are looking at 1-20 of 29 items for:

community x Ancient Philosophy x clear all

Refine by type

Refine by product

 

community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

See overview in Oxford Index

Community and Voice

Andrew Norris.

in Becoming Who We Are

September 2017; p ublished online July 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Ancient Philosophy; Social and Political Philosophy. 21218 words.

This chapter analyzes Cavell’s reception of Rousseau’s theory of the general will and the manner in which he uses it to counter dominant conceptions of democracy, freedom, rhetoric, and...

Go to »  abstract

The Socratic Thesis Applied

Lorraine Smith Pangle.

in Virtue Is Knowledge

May 2014; p ublished online September 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Ancient Philosophy. 16114 words.

In Plato’s most practical work, the Laws, he combines an extremely frank statement of the radical Socratic thesis that virtue is knowledge and vice is involuntary with a prudential...

Go to University of Chicago Press »  abstract

The Community of All Human Beings

Katja Maria Vogt.

in Law, Reason, and the Cosmic City

April 2008; p ublished online January 2008 .

Chapter. Subjects: Ancient Philosophy. 21129 words.

The Stoics propose a cosmopolitan theory, but not in a modern sense of the term: their cosmic city is the cosmos. The Stoic theory is also not well described as impartialist or...

Go to »  abstract

Stoic Philosophers on Persons, Property‐Ownership, and Community

A. A. Long.

in From Epicurus to Epictetus

September 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Chapter. Subjects: Ancient Philosophy. 11313 words.

This chapter suggests a further tie between Stoicism and later conceptions of the person as a moral, psychological, and legal entity. That tie has to do not only with consciousness or...

Go to »  abstract

Justice

Terence Irwin.

in Aristotle's First Principles

April 1990; p ublished online November 2003 .

Chapter. Subjects: Ancient Philosophy. 6583 words.

Aristotle views justice as the important virtue in the ideal state, since it aims for the common interest of a community. He argues for two distinct virtues: general and special justice....

Go to »  abstract

The Downsized Self

Nancy Sherman.

in Stoic Warriors

March 2007; p ublished online October 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Ancient Philosophy. 13981 words.

This chapter discusses camaraderie, empathy, and respect. It looks at camaraderie as a critical element in combat courage and resilience, and as essential to psychological recovery in the...

Go to »  abstract

The Good of Rational Agents

Terence Irwin.

in Aristotle's First Principles

April 1990; p ublished online November 2003 .

Chapter. Subjects: Ancient Philosophy. 12214 words.

Aristotle has applied his dialectical method to the structure and design of whole communities. He claims that the discipline undertaken in Ethics is a political science, and continuous the...

Go to »  abstract

Aristotle's Politics Reconsidered

Fred D. Miller.

in Nature, Justice, and Rights in Aristotle's Politics

May 1997; p ublished online November 2003 .

Chapter. Subjects: Ancient Philosophy. 20154 words.

Assesses the presuppositions underlying Aristotle's political theory. The principle of teleology holds that human beings strive to fulfil certain natural ends such as rationality and social...

Go to »  abstract

The City

A. W. Price.

in Love and Friendship in Plato and Aristotle

September 1990; p ublished online October 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Ancient Philosophy. 12750 words.

This chapter considers how Plato intends communism to transform the guardians, and how he expects that effect to carry through the artisans so that the whole city becomes a community of...

Go to »  abstract

Nature and Politics

Fred D. Miller.

in Nature, Justice, and Rights in Aristotle's Politics

May 1997; p ublished online November 2003 .

Chapter. Subjects: Ancient Philosophy. 18589 words.

Aristotle's politics may be characterized as ‘naturalistic’, in the sense that it assigns a fundamental role to the concept of nature in the explanation and evaluation of the political...

Go to »  abstract

The Argument of Aristotle's Politics

Fred D. Miller.

in Nature, Justice, and Rights in Aristotle's Politics

May 1997; p ublished online November 2003 .

Chapter. Subjects: Ancient Philosophy. 9440 words.

Describes Aristotle's life and historical context. Discusses the place of politics––the science of the polis (city‐state)––within Aristotle's taxonomy of science and of virtue. Provides an...

Go to »  abstract

The State

Terence Irwin.

in Aristotle's First Principles

April 1990; p ublished online November 2003 .

Chapter. Subjects: Ancient Philosophy. 7788 words.

Aristotle’s account of how the political community promotes the human good supports an account of the ideal state, and why actual states fall short of it. Aristotle attributes much of what...

Go to »  abstract

The Consequences of Virtue and Vice

Terence Irwin.

in Aristotle's First Principles

April 1990; p ublished online November 2003 .

Chapter. Subjects: Ancient Philosophy. 13988 words.

This chapter examines virtues of character as different forms of extended altruism, and hence of rational self-realisation. If Aristotle simply takes over the list of virtues from common...

Go to »  abstract

Myth, Madness, Pleasure, and Play

Christopher Janaway.

in Images of Excellence

February 1998; p ublished online November 2003 .

Chapter. Subjects: Ancient Philosophy. 11073 words.

In works later than the Republic, Plato continues to pursue many of the themes so far discussed in the book. In Phaedrus, he addresses issues concerned with rhetoric, poetry, and...

Go to »  abstract

Discovering the Befitting: A Better Model

Tad Brennan.

in The Stoic Life

June 2005; p ublished online February 2006 .

Chapter. Subjects: Ancient Philosophy. 11965 words.

This chapter examines the problems of the Indifferents-Only model. This model was replaced by a Naturalness-Only model, while the Salva Virtute model was replaced by the No Shoving model....

Go to »  abstract

The Platonic Idea of the Good

W.F.R. Hardie.

in Aristotle's Ethical Theory

January 1980; p ublished online October 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Ancient Philosophy. 9293 words.

How does the transcendent self-subsistent good, the good which makes other goods good, come into this list of ways of life all claiming to be the best and the happiest? Perhaps Aristotle...

Go to »  abstract

On the Eminent Dignity of the Poor Baptized

Jean-Luc Marion.

in Believing in Order to See

April 2017; p ublished online September 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Ancient Philosophy. 8943 words.

Marion criticizes the distinction between clerics and laity, which turns the layperson into a militant defender of the faith and ignores the priestly function they already have in virtue of...

Go to Fordham University Press »  abstract

The Rule of Law (Nomos)

Paul Woodruff.

in First Democracy

March 2006; p ublished online October 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Ancient Philosophy. 5219 words.

Socrates was a man of free thought. Because he taught some ideas that were unfavorable to the community, he was reputed to be against democracy and was sentenced to death. But Socrates...

Go to »  abstract

Education (Paideia)

Paul Woodruff.

in First Democracy

March 2006; p ublished online October 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Ancient Philosophy. 5763 words.

Paideia was a kind of education which aimed to improve citizens to become better human beings by having more virtue, excellence, or arête. It was not a vocational form of...

Go to »  abstract

The City‐State in Greek Ethics

Nicholas White.

in Individual and Conflict in Greek Ethics

June 2002; p ublished online November 2003 .

Chapter. Subjects: Ancient Philosophy. 15935 words.

One of the main vehicles for the reconciliation of individual and social happiness that has supposedly been characteristic of Greek ethics is the concept of the polis. In the Hegelian...

Go to »  abstract