Oxford Index Search Results

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community x Metaphysics x clear all

community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

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Epistemic Authority in Communities

Linda Trinkaus Zagzebski.

in Epistemic Authority

November 2012; p ublished online January 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Metaphysics. 8483 words.

This chapter treats the authority of testimony within communities and show how epistemic authority in small communities containing a high degree of trust differs in some interesting ways...

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The Coming Community?

Gregg Lambert.

in Return Statements

May 2016; p ublished online September 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Metaphysics. 9139 words.

This statement returns to the writings of Jean Luc Nancy, Maurice Blanchot, Georges Bataille and the Italian philosopher Giorgio Agamben on the theme of community in relation to the...

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Collective Belief, Kuhn, and the String Theory Community

James Owen Weatherall and Margaret Gilbert.

in The Epistemic Life of Groups

February 2016; p ublished online April 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Metaphysics. 12369 words.

Margaret Gilbert has proposed that ascriptions of beliefs to scientific communities generally involve a common notion of collective belief. Assuming that this interpretive hypothesis is...

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Collaborative Research, Scientific Communities, and the Social Diffusion of Trustworthiness

Torsten Wilholt.

in The Epistemic Life of Groups

February 2016; p ublished online April 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Metaphysics. 7394 words.

The main thesis of this chapter is that when we trust the results of scientific research, that trust is inevitably directed at least in part at collective bodies rather than at single...

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“NIH’s Window to the Health Care Community”

Miriam Solomon.

in Making Medical Knowledge

April 2015; p ublished online June 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Metaphysics; Philosophy of Science. 14319 words.

In this chapter, the history of the NIH Consensus Development Conference Program (1977–2013) is discussed, with a focus on the creation of the program, the evaluations of the program, and...

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NORMATIVITY AND COMMUNITY

Martin Kusch.

in Knowledge by Agreement

June 2002; p ublished online January 2005 .

Chapter. Subjects: Metaphysics. 8840 words.

Argues that normativity can only exist for interacting individuals. The various individualistic responses to the communitarian position regarding rule‐following fail without exception....

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Wittgenstein on Meaning, Understanding, and Community

Barry Stroud.

in Meaning, Understanding, and Practice

July 2002; p ublished online November 2003 .

Chapter. Subjects: Metaphysics. 6643 words.

Tries to ravel out Wittgenstein's dictum that meaning is used in an attempt to forestall Kripke's ‘sceptic’, who draws the conclusion that there is no such thing as meaning on the grounds...

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WHY (SOME) KNOWLEDGE IS THE PROPERTY OF A COMMUNITY AND POSSIBLY NONE OF ITS MEMBERS

Boaz Miller.

in The Philosophical Quarterly

July 2015; p ublished online June 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Epistemology; Metaphysics; Moral Philosophy; Philosophy of Language; Philosophy of Mind. 10550 words.

Mainstream analytic epistemology regards knowledge as the property of individuals, rather than groups. Drawing on insights from the reality of knowledge production and dissemination in the...

Review: Punishment, Communication and Community

Nicola Lacey.

in Mind

April 2002; p ublished online April 2002 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Epistemology; Metaphysics; Philosophy of Language; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Philosophy of Mind. 0 words.

Review: Community, Solidarity and Belonging: Levels of Community and Their Normative Significance

Richard Dagger.

in Mind

January 2002; p ublished online January 2002 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Metaphysics; Epistemology; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Philosophy of Mind; Philosophy of Language. 0 words.

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Changing Our Mind

Glen Pettigrove.

in The Epistemic Life of Groups

February 2016; p ublished online April 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Metaphysics. 9234 words.

If groups are to prove capable of possessing and increasing their knowledge, then they will need to be capable of revising their beliefs. While the nature of collective knowledge has begun...

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Plenitude, Convention, and Ontology 1

John Hawthorne.

in Metaphysical Essays

April 2006; p ublished online September 2010 .

Chapter. Subjects: Metaphysics. 9907 words.

This chapter considers the following scenario: I bring a watch to a watchmaker, who dismantles it. Two communities look on. When I go back to the watchmaker the following week members of...

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Trust and Disagreement

Linda Trinkaus Zagzebski.

in Epistemic Authority

November 2012; p ublished online January 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Metaphysics. 10603 words.

This chapter argues that since self-trust commits us to trust in others (Chap 3), the problem of disagreement with others who have the properties we trust in ourselves is a conflict within...

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Collective Amnesia and Epistemic Injustice

Alessandra Tanesini.

in Socially Extended Epistemology

August 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Metaphysics. 13880 words.

Communities often respond to traumatic events in their histories by destroying objects that would cue memories of a past they wish to forget and by building artefacts which memorialize a...

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Epistemic Relativism Defended

Paul A. Boghossian.

in Fear of Knowledge

February 2006; p ublished online May 2010 .

Chapter. Subjects: Metaphysics. 6945 words.

This chapter gives a sympathetic account of how one might be drawn to a constructivist and hence relativist view of justification, according to which different communities might...

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Conclusion

William G. Lycan.

in On Evidence in Philosophy

January 2019; p ublished online March 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Metaphysics. 103 words.

In this book I have presented and defended a coherent philosophical method. It rests ultimately on intuitions. It draws on scientific results so far as the scientific community considers...

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Of Symbolism: Climate Concreteness, Causal Efficacy and the Whiteheadian Cosmopolis

Catherine Keller.

in Rethinking Whitehead's Symbolism

October 2017; p ublished online May 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Metaphysics. 7264 words.

Does Whitehead help us rethink strategies for public education about global warming and ecology? That Whitehead’s radical relationalism never washes out difference but intensifies it, that...

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Concluding Reflections

Bryan Frances.

in Scepticism Comes Alive

June 2005; p ublished online October 2005 .

Chapter. Subjects: Metaphysics. 1965 words.

The importance of what was argued in the book was evaluated, with comments on which elements are of lasting significance for epistemology as a discipline. Notions treated include epistemic...

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Revisiting Current Causes of Women’s Underrepresentation in Science

Carole J. Lee.

in Implicit Bias and Philosophy, Volume 1

March 2016; p ublished online May 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Metaphysics. 7394 words.

Given the body of experimental studies on gender bias in the evaluation of women in academia (e.g. Steinpreis, Anders, and Ritzke, 1999; Moss-Racusin et al., 2012), many expected implicit...

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Impure Knowledge

Michael Hannon.

in What's the Point of Knowledge?

February 2019; p ublished online January 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Metaphysics. 8930 words.

This chapter defends “communal impurism.” According to this view, a true belief amounts to knowledge partly due to practical (or nonepistemic) factors. “Communal impurism” is based on our...

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