Oxford Index Search Results

You are looking at 1-20 of 74 items for:

community x Non-Western Philosophy x clear all

community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

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Ali Sedad Bey’s (d. 1900), Kavâidu’t-Taḥavvülât fî Ḥarekâti’z-Zerrât (Principles of Transformation in the Motion of Particles)

Nazif Muhtaroglu.

in The Oxford Handbook of Islamic Philosophy

December 2016; p ublished online November 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Non-Western Philosophy. 10487 words.

This chapter presents and evaluates Ali Sedāt’s (d. 1900) Principles of Transformation in the Motion of Particles. In this work, Ali Sedad gives a detailed description of the working...

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National Learning

Peter Flueckiger.

in The Oxford Handbook of Japanese Philosophy

October 2019; p ublished online February 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Non-Western Philosophy. 7788 words.

Followers of the Tokugawa intellectual and literary movement known as “National Learning” (kokugaku 国学) sought to recover native forms of Japanese culture free from the influence of...

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Recent Trends in Global Philosophy

Cynthia Townley.

in The Oxford Handbook of World Philosophy

May 2011; p ublished online September 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Non-Western Philosophy. 1350 words.

This part of the book examines globalization and how it continues to transform philosophy. Non-Western philosophical communities are becoming more prominent in the global philosophical...

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Native American Philosophy

Adam Arola.

in The Oxford Handbook of World Philosophy

May 2011; p ublished online September 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Non-Western Philosophy. 5443 words.

This article introduces the central thinkers of contemporary American Indian philosophy by discussing concerns including the nature of experience, meaning, truth, the status of the...

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Affirmative Action

Rodney C. Roberts.

in The Oxford Handbook of World Philosophy

May 2011; p ublished online September 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Non-Western Philosophy. 4282 words.

“Affirmative action” is a term that has come to be associated with a variety of social policies that typically concern opportunities for employment or admission to institutions of higher...

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Major Rival Schools: Mohism and Legalism

Chris Fraser.

in The Oxford Handbook of World Philosophy

May 2011; p ublished online September 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Non-Western Philosophy. 5129 words.

The Confucians, or Ru, were just one of several widely recognized social or ethical movements, and the figures and texts we now call “Daoist” did not represent an organized school or...

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Japanese (and Ainu) Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art

Mara Miller and Koji Yamasaki.

in The Oxford Handbook of Japanese Philosophy

October 2019; p ublished online May 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Non-Western Philosophy; Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art. 9598 words.

Japanese aesthetics have impacted global arts and aesthetics through traditional, modern, and post-modern aesthetic categories (mononoaware, iki, or moe, haikyo respectively) and qualities...

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Rural Society in Contemporary China

Sally Sargeson.

in Chinese Studies

P ublished online May 2014 .

Article. Subjects: East Asian Studies; Asian History; East Asian Philosophy; East Asian Religions. 14710 words.

Efforts to define “rural society in contemporary China” engage both with broader sociological debates about the persistence of peasant production, kinship institutions, and social...

The Falun Gong

James Tong.

in Chinese Studies

P ublished online April 2013 .

Article. Subjects: East Asian Studies; Asian History; East Asian Philosophy; East Asian Religions. 7712 words.

From its modest origin as a qigong group in 1992 that practiced deep breathing combined with meditation, the Falun Gong (also transliterated as “Falungong” in some sources) grew into a...

Ancestor Worship

Ori Tavor.

in Chinese Studies

P ublished online February 2019 .

Article. Subjects: East Asian Studies; Asian History; East Asian Philosophy; East Asian Religions. 9847 words.

Ancestor worship refers to rituals designed to commemorate and venerate the spirits of one’s deceased forebears. While it is often associated with the Confucian notion of filial piety,...

The Hukou (Household Registration) System

Fei-Ling Wang.

in Chinese Studies

P ublished online March 2014 .

Article. Subjects: East Asian Studies; Asian History; East Asian Philosophy; East Asian Religions. 11408 words.

China’s hukou system (hukou zhidu 户口 [household registration system] or huji zhidu 户籍制度 [residential registration system]) is a key sociopolitical and economic institution in China. This...

Philosophy of Evidence-Based Medicine

Jeremy Howick, Ashley Graham Kennedy and Alexander Mebius.

in Philosophy

P ublished online January 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Epistemology; Feminist Philosophy; History of Western Philosophy; Metaphysics; Moral Philosophy; Non-Western Philosophy; Philosophy of Language; Philosophy of Law; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Philosophy of Mind; Philosophy of Religion; Philosophy of Science; Social and Political Philosophy. 7422 words.

Since its introduction just over two decades ago, evidence-based medicine (EBM) has come to dominate medical practice, teaching, and policy. There are a growing number of textbooks,...

Intellectual Trends in Late Imperial China

On-cho Ng.

in Chinese Studies

P ublished online March 2016 .

Article. Subjects: East Asian Studies; Asian History; East Asian Philosophy; East Asian Religions. 12907 words.

It seems indubitable that Chinese thought experienced notable changes in the late imperial period, roughly from the late Ming through the mid Qing. Although scholars argue over the genesis,...

New Social Classes, 1895-1949

Joshua H. Howard.

in Chinese Studies

P ublished online April 2013 .

Article. Subjects: East Asian Studies; Asian History; East Asian Philosophy; East Asian Religions. 11471 words.

The ability of foreign enterprises to establish factories in China after the Treaty of Shimonoseki in 1895 accelerated industrialization and as a consequence proletarianization, by which...

China and the World, 1900-1949

Dong Wang.

in Chinese Studies

P ublished online April 2013 .

Article. Subjects: East Asian Studies; Asian History; East Asian Philosophy; East Asian Religions. 9824 words.

Thematically and chronologically organized, this highly condensed annotated bibliography includes works that provide insights into the long-term, core themes of China and the world during...

Sociolinguistic Aspects of the Chinese Language

Benjamin Tsou.

in Chinese Studies

P ublished online January 2019 .

Article. Subjects: East Asian Studies; Asian History; East Asian Philosophy; East Asian Religions. 21415 words.

Like many dynamic systems, language undergoes change over time. For Chinese, the changes have come about in different ways, which could qualitatively affect the system underlying the...

Confucius

Jeffrey L. Richey.

in Chinese Studies

P ublished online August 2018 .

Article. Subjects: East Asian Studies; Asian History; East Asian Philosophy; East Asian Religions. 8054 words.

Kongzi 孔子 (Master Kong) was born Kong Qiu 孔丘 in Lu 鲁 (now central and southwestern Shandong 山东 Province in China), a small vassal state on the eastern frontier of the Zhou 周dynasty,...

Ethnicity and Minority Nationalities Since 1949

Colin Mackerras.

in Chinese Studies

P ublished online April 2013 .

Article. Subjects: East Asian Studies; Asian History; East Asian Philosophy; East Asian Religions. 13459 words.

This article covers works about ethnicity in the People’s Republic of China (PRC) and minority nationalities since 1949 with an emphasis on the reform period since 1978. The Chinese state...

Printing and Book Culture

Cynthia Brokaw.

in Chinese Studies

P ublished online May 2014 .

Article. Subjects: East Asian Studies; Asian History; East Asian Philosophy; East Asian Religions. 20874 words.

The study of printing and book culture in China has followed two distinct but overlapping paths. Most recently, scholars of China have embraced an interdisciplinary interest in what could...

Arthur Schopenhauer

Dale Jacquette.

in Philosophy

P ublished online October 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Epistemology; Feminist Philosophy; History of Western Philosophy; Metaphysics; Moral Philosophy; Non-Western Philosophy; Philosophy of Language; Philosophy of Law; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Philosophy of Mind; Philosophy of Religion; Philosophy of Science; Social and Political Philosophy. 8547 words.

Arthur Schopenhauer (b. 1788–d. 1860) was a private scholar and philosopher. Although Schopenhauer was largely ignored by the professional academic philosophical community during his...