Oxford Index Search Results

You are looking at 1-20 of 36 items for:

community x Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic x clear all

community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

See overview in Oxford Index

Review: Punishment, Communication and Community

Nicola Lacey.

in Mind

April 2002; p ublished online April 2002 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Epistemology; Metaphysics; Philosophy of Language; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Philosophy of Mind. 0 words.

Review: Community, Solidarity and Belonging: Levels of Community and Their Normative Significance

Richard Dagger.

in Mind

January 2002; p ublished online January 2002 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Metaphysics; Epistemology; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Philosophy of Mind; Philosophy of Language. 0 words.

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How Universes Expand

J. P. Studd.

in Everything, more or less

April 2019; p ublished online May 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic. 16128 words.

Advocates of an expansionist version of relativism face an important explanatory challenge: how might we cause the universe of discourse to expand? To make progress with this question, it’s...

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Mathematics and Physics: Strategies of Assimilation

Alasdair Urquhart.

in The Philosophy of Mathematical Practice

June 2008; p ublished online February 2010 .

Chapter. Subjects: Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic. 10124 words.

The main topic of this chapter is the problem posed to the mathematical community by the non-rigorous methods used by physicists in investigating mathematical problems. These methods are...

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Reference by Abstraction

Øystein Linnebo.

in Thin Objects

May 2018; p ublished online June 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic. 12857 words.

According to Frege, criteria of identity have an important role to play in the explanation of reference. This chapter develops a version of this Fregean idea in detail. A language community...

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Rigor and Rigorization

John P. Burgess.

in Rigor and Structure

February 2015; p ublished online May 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic. 21091 words.

This chapter explains what heuristic methods, ubiquitous and indispensable in the context of discovery in mathematics, are prohibited in the context of justification by the requirement of...

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Rigor and Foundations

John P. Burgess.

in Rigor and Structure

February 2015; p ublished online May 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic. 24002 words.

Rigor requires that new mathematical material be logically derived from old, and ultimately from first principles, metaphorically called (sometimes aptly, sometimes not) “foundations.” This...

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Gottlob Frege and the Interplay between Logic and Mathematics

Christian Thiel.

in The Development of Modern Logic

June 2009; p ublished online September 2009 .

Chapter. Subjects: Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic. 2939 words.

This chapter explores Gottlob Frege's contribution to logic. Frege has been called the greatest logician since Aristotle, but he failed to gain influence on the mathematical community of...

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Prehistory, Emergence, and Evolution of Fuzzy Logic

Radim Bělohlávek, Joseph W. Dauben and George J. Klir.

in Fuzzy Logic and Mathematics

May 2017; p ublished online June 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Philosophy. 21784 words.

This chapter first identifies the rare instances throughout the long history of classical logic when the principle of bivalence was challenged and shows that they all have been rather...

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Deflating Existence Away? A Critique of Azzouni's Nominalism†

Yvonne Raley.

in Philosophia Mathematica

February 2009; p ublished online October 2008 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Mathematics. 4457 words.

In his Deflating Existential Consequence, Azzouni claims to be a nominalist. Yet, he also says that it is philosophically indeterminate which criterion for what exists is correct....

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Aims and Scope of This Book

Radim Bělohlávek, Joseph W. Dauben and George J. Klir.

in Fuzzy Logic and Mathematics

May 2017; p ublished online June 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Philosophy. 1844 words.

This chapter is a general introduction to the book and an overview of its content. It describes the aims and scope of the book, and explains why a historical perspective is essential for...

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Supernumeration: Vagueness and Numbers

Peter Simons.

in Cuts and Clouds

February 2010; p ublished online May 2010 .

Chapter. Subjects: Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Metaphysics. 3799 words.

There is a notable discrepancy between philosophers and practitioners on approaches to vagueness. Philosophers almost all reject fuzzy logic and a majority accept some form of...

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Naturalism Reconsidered

Alan Weir.

in The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic

June 2007; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Epistemology; Philosophy of Science. 10508 words.

This article focuses on naturalism. It makes one terminological distinction: between methodological naturalism and ontological naturalism. The methodological naturalist assumes there is a...

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Wittgenstein and Idealism

David R. Cerbone.

in The Oxford Handbook of Wittgenstein

October 2011; p ublished online January 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; History of Western Philosophy. 12140 words.

Of the many sources of interpretive conflict in Ludwig Wittgenstein's philosophy, one of the most recalcitrant is the question of his philosophy's ultimate commitment to idealism. Those who...

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Natural kind terms and recognitional capacities

J Brown.

in Mind

April 1998; p ublished online April 1998 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Metaphysics; Epistemology; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Philosophy of Mind; Philosophy of Language. 0 words.

The main contribution of this paper is a new account of how a community may introduce a term for a natural kind in advance of knowing the correct scientific account of that kind. The account...

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Social Externalism and the Knowledge Argument

Torin Alter.

in Mind

April 2013; p ublished online September 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Metaphysics; Epistemology; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Philosophy of Mind; Philosophy of Language. 6059 words.

According to social externalism, it is possible to possess a concept not solely in virtue of one’s intrinsic properties but also in virtue of relations to one’s linguistic community. Derek...

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Meta-agnosticism: Higher Order Epistemic Possibility

Roy Sorensen.

in Mind

July 2009; p ublished online September 2009 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Metaphysics; Epistemology; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Philosophy of Mind; Philosophy of Language. 2441 words.

In ‘Epistemic Modals’ (2007), Seth Yalcin proposes Stalnaker-style semantics for epistemic possibility. He is inspired by John MacFarlane’s ingenious defence of relativism, in which claims...

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Mental causation

F Jackson.

in Mind

July 1996; p ublished online July 1996 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Metaphysics; Epistemology; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Philosophy of Mind; Philosophy of Language. 0 words.

I survey recent work on mental causation. The discussion is conducted under the twin presumptions that mental states, including especially what subjects believe and desire, causally explain...

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Philosophy of Evidence-Based Medicine

Jeremy Howick, Ashley Graham Kennedy and Alexander Mebius.

in Philosophy

P ublished online January 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Epistemology; Feminist Philosophy; History of Western Philosophy; Metaphysics; Moral Philosophy; Non-Western Philosophy; Philosophy of Language; Philosophy of Law; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Philosophy of Mind; Philosophy of Religion; Philosophy of Science; Social and Political Philosophy. 7422 words.

Since its introduction just over two decades ago, evidence-based medicine (EBM) has come to dominate medical practice, teaching, and policy. There are a growing number of textbooks,...

Dignity and the Value of Rejecting Profitable but Insulting Offers

Efthymios Athanasiou, Alex John London and Kevin J. S. Zollman.

in Mind

April 2015; p ublished online April 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Epistemology; Metaphysics; Philosophy of Language; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Philosophy of Mind. 15538 words.

In this paper we distinguish two competing conceptions of dignity, one recognizably Hobbesian and one recognizably Kantian. We provide a formal model of how decision-makers committed to...