Oxford Index Search Results

You are looking at 1-20 of 129 items for:

community x Philosophy of Science x clear all

community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

See overview in Oxford Index

Belief Buddies versus Critical Communities

Noretta Koertge.

in Philosophy of Pseudoscience

August 2013; p ublished online January 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Philosophy of Science. 6140 words.

Philosophers of science have attempted to explain what is wrong with pseudoscience, first, by contrasting the structure of its claims with that of legitimate scientific hypotheses, and...

Go to University of Chicago Press »  abstract

Is Aldo Leopold’s “Land Community” an Individual?

Roberta L. Millstein.

in Individuation, Process, and Scientific Practices

December 2018; p ublished online October 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Philosophy of Science. 10406 words.

The concept of “land community” (or “biotic community”) that features centrally in Aldo Leopold’s Land Ethic has typically been equated with the concept of “ecosystem.” The author argues...

Go to »  abstract

Community, Public Health and Resource Allocation

Timothy M. Wilkinson.

in Public Health Ethics

November 2010; p ublished online November 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy of Science; Philosophy of Biology; Bioethics and Medical Ethics; Medical Ethics; Public Health. 3516 words.

If ‘community’ is the answer, what is the problem? While questions undoubtedly arise in allocating resources to public health, such as ‘how much?’ and ‘to whom?’, we already have answers...

Go to »  abstract

Community-Based Planning and the New Public Health

John W Murphy and Berkeley Franz.

in Public Health Ethics

November 2017; p ublished online November 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy of Science; Philosophy of Biology; Bioethics and Medical Ethics; Medical Ethics; Public Health. 5709 words.

Abstract

Social planners have begun to recognize that communities are an important resource for solving many problems. Understanding local norms and values is...

“NIH’s Window to the Health Care Community”

Miriam Solomon.

in Making Medical Knowledge

April 2015; p ublished online June 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Metaphysics; Philosophy of Science. 14319 words.

In this chapter, the history of the NIH Consensus Development Conference Program (1977–2013) is discussed, with a focus on the creation of the program, the evaluations of the program, and...

Go to »  abstract

Environmental Art and Ecological Citizenship

Jason B. Simus.

in Environmental Aesthetics

February 2014; p ublished online September 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Philosophy of Science. 6221 words.

Jason B. Simus discusses and dismisses the criticism put forward by Allen Carlson that some, if not most, environmental artworks constitute an aesthetic affront to nature. Carlson claims...

Go to Fordham University Press »  abstract

Working with Concepts: The Role of Community in International Collaborative Biomedical Research

V. M. Marsh, D. K. Kamuya, M. J. Parker and C. S. Molyneux.

in Public Health Ethics

April 2011; p ublished online March 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy of Science; Philosophy of Biology; Bioethics and Medical Ethics; Medical Ethics; Public Health. 8740 words.

The importance of communities in strengthening the ethics of international collaborative research is increasingly highlighted, but there has been much debate about the meaning of the term...

Go to »  full text: open access   » abstract

Why Communities and Their Goods Matter: Illustrated with the Example of Biobanks

Heather Widdows and Sean Cordell.

in Public Health Ethics

April 2011; p ublished online March 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy of Science; Philosophy of Biology; Bioethics and Medical Ethics; Medical Ethics; Public Health. 8527 words.

It is now being recognized across the spectrum of bioethics, and particularly in genetics and population ethics, that to focus on the individual person, and thereby neglect communities and...

Go to »  abstract

Community, the Common Good, and Public Healthcare—Confucianism and its Relevance to Contemporary China

Ellen Zhang.

in Public Health Ethics

November 2010; p ublished online November 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy of Science; Philosophy of Biology; Bioethics and Medical Ethics; Medical Ethics; Public Health. 5545 words.

Traditional Chinese culture, Confucianism, in particular, has a non-individualist conception of what it is to be human. It conceives of people fundamentally as members of social...

Go to »  abstract

Assuring Adequate Protections in International Health Research: A Principled Justification and Practical Recommendations for the Role of Community Oversight

David Buchanan, Sibusiso Sifunda, Nasheen Naidoo, Shamagonam James and Priscilla Reddy.

in Public Health Ethics

November 2008; p ublished online June 2008 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy of Science; Philosophy of Biology; Bioethics and Medical Ethics; Medical Ethics; Public Health. 7478 words.

The analysis presented here lays out the ethical warrants for requiring community oversight of health research conducted in international settings. It reviews the inadequacies with the...

Go to »  abstract

Governing Well in Community-Based Research: Lessons from Canada’s HIV Research Sector on Ethics, Publics and the Care of the Self

Adrian Guta, Stuart J Murray, Carol Strike, Sarah Flicker, Ross Upshur and Ted Myers.

in Public Health Ethics

November 2017; p ublished online May 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy of Science; Philosophy of Biology; Bioethics and Medical Ethics; Medical Ethics; Public Health. 8984 words.

Abstract

In this paper, we extend Michel Foucault’s final works on the ‘care of the self’ to an empirical examination of research practice in community-based...

Exploring the Ethics of Long-Term Research Engagement With Communities in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

Adnan A. Hyder, Carleigh B. Krubiner, Gerald Bloom and Abbas Bhuiya.

in Public Health Ethics

November 2012; p ublished online July 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy of Science; Philosophy of Biology; Bioethics and Medical Ethics; Medical Ethics; Public Health. 5633 words.

Over the past few decades, there has been increasing attention focused on the ethics of health research, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. Despite the increasing focus on...

Go to »  abstract

Referral of Research Participants for Ancillary Care in Community-Based Public Health Intervention Research: A Guiding Framework

Maria W. Merritt, Joanne Katz, Ramin Mojtabai and Keith P. West.

in Public Health Ethics

April 2016; p ublished online September 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy of Science; Philosophy of Biology; Bioethics and Medical Ethics; Medical Ethics; Public Health. 9929 words.

Researchers conducting large community-based studies among underserved populations may collect data on health conditions that are little-acknowledged in the local setting, and for which...

The Concept of Community in Bioethics

David Hunter and Jacob Leveridge.

in Public Health Ethics

April 2011; p ublished online March 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy of Science; Philosophy of Biology; Bioethics and Medical Ethics; Medical Ethics; Public Health. 1241 words.

Go to »  abstract

Global Child Health Ethics: Testing the Limits of Moral Communities

Avram Ezra Denburg.

in Public Health Ethics

November 2010; p ublished online November 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy of Science; Philosophy of Biology; Bioethics and Medical Ethics; Medical Ethics; Public Health. 12625 words.

This article attempts to map the broad ethical and legal contours of global child health realities. Its interest is in international duties to reduce disparities in the health of children....

Go to »  abstract

Obesity, Identity and Community: Leveraging Social Networks for Behavior Change in Public Health

Norah Mulvaney-Day and Catherine A. Womack.

in Public Health Ethics

November 2009; p ublished online September 2009 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy of Science; Philosophy of Biology; Bioethics and Medical Ethics; Medical Ethics; Public Health. 7360 words.

Obesity is a public health problem influenced by behavioral patterns that span an ecological spectrum of individual-level factors, social network factors and environmental factors. Both...

Go to »  abstract

Public Mental Health Ethics: Helping Improve Mental Health for Individuals and Communities

Diego S Silva, Cynthia Forlini and Carla Meurk.

in Public Health Ethics

July 2018; p ublished online June 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy of Science; Philosophy of Biology; Bioethics and Medical Ethics; Medical Ethics; Public Health. 2639 words.

Go to »  full text: open access

Do Mutants Die of Natural Causes? Do Mutants Die of Natural Causes? The Case of Atomic Parity Violation The Case of Atomic Parity Violation Allan Franklin

Allan Franklin.

in A House Built on Sand

September 1998; p ublished online February 2006 .

Chapter. Subjects: Philosophy of Science. 6947 words.

Andrew Pickering’s Constructing Quarks claims that the scientific community’s evaluation of atomic parity violation experiments was determined by career considerations, and not the quality...

Go to »  abstract

A Brief Conclusion

Helen E. Longino.

in Studying Human Behavior

January 2013; p ublished online January 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Philosophy of Science. 3209 words.

This chapter presents some concluding thoughts. It discusses three major points emerging from this study. The first concerns the interrelations of the various approaches to the study of...

Go to University of Chicago Press »  abstract

How Can We Engage with These Values?

Kevin C. Elliott.

in A Tapestry of Values

February 2017; p ublished online January 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Philosophy of Science. 10471 words.

This chapter argues that one of the best ways to respond to the values that permeate scientific practice is to promote engagement between citizens, policymakers, scientists, and other...

Go to »  abstract