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community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

See overview in Oxford Index

Asaṅga

Ligeia Lugli.

in Buddhism

P ublished online November 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Buddhism; Tibetan Buddhism; Zen Buddhism. 8492 words.

As with many early South Asian thinkers, little is known about Asaṅga. His importance in the history of Buddhism lies mainly in his role in the systematization of Yogācāra, to which his...

Buddhism in Southeast Asia

Anne Blackburn.

in Buddhism

P ublished online September 2010 .

Article. Subjects: Buddhism; Tibetan Buddhism; Zen Buddhism. 8406 words.

The regional (for example, South, Southeast, and East Asia) and national (for example, Myanmar [Burma], Thailand) designations in use in the early 21st century are of recent vintage and may...

Pagan (Bagan)

Tilman Frasch.

in Buddhism

P ublished online April 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Buddhism; Tibetan Buddhism; Zen Buddhism. 7195 words.

For about 250 years, from c. 1044 to 1284 ce, Pagan (or Bagan, in modern Burmese transcription) was the capital of a kingdom covering most of what is modern-day Myanmar (Burma). During this...

Feminist Approaches to the Study of Buddhism

Lori Meeks.

in Buddhism

P ublished online April 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Buddhism; Tibetan Buddhism; Zen Buddhism. 10552 words.

Although much work on women in Buddhism undertaken today does not convey explicitly feminist aims, the study of women and Buddhism has been influenced by feminist goals and by larger trends...

Buddhism in Malaysia

Jeffrey Samuels and Hun Lye.

in Buddhism

P ublished online March 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Buddhism; Tibetan Buddhism; Zen Buddhism. 7967 words.

Buddhist texts make reference to two Buddhist monks coming to Malaysia shortly after the third Buddhist council, which took place in the 3rd century bce. At the same time, however, the...

Sangha

Thomas Borchert.

in Buddhism

P ublished online April 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Buddhism; Tibetan Buddhism; Zen Buddhism. 12819 words.

The Sangha is the Buddhist community; it is the men, women and children who follow the teachings of the Buddha. The term, which in Sanskrit and Pāli means “collection” or “assemblage,” a...

Buddhist Ordination

Jason A. Carbine and Patrick Kellycooper.

in Buddhism

P ublished online September 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Buddhism; Tibetan Buddhism; Zen Buddhism. 9744 words.

In Buddhism, ordinations are the ceremonies in which men and women become members of the Buddhist monastic order, or sangha. Such ceremonies often emphasize rules or precepts set forth in...

Colonialism and Postcolonialism

Anne Blackburn.

in Buddhism

P ublished online September 2010 .

Article. Subjects: Buddhism; Tibetan Buddhism; Zen Buddhism. 6602 words.

The study of colonial and postcolonial histories in relation to Buddhism and the use of postcolonial theory by scholars of Buddhism are fairly recent developments within the field of...

Prātimokṣa/Pātimokkha

Karma Lekshe Tsomo.

in Buddhism

P ublished online June 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Buddhism; Tibetan Buddhism; Zen Buddhism. 8126 words.

The prātimokṣa (Pāli: pāṭimokkha), the Buddhist monastic code of discipline, is a corpus of disciplinary rules to be observed by the monastic community: bhikṣu (fully ordained monk),...

Buddhism and the Beats

Scott A. Mitchell.

in Buddhism

P ublished online March 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Buddhism; Tibetan Buddhism; Zen Buddhism. 7462 words.

“For the beat generation,” Stephen Prothero wrote in 1991, “dissertation time is here. Magazine and newspaper critics have gotten in their jabs. Now scholars are starting to analyze the...

Mahāsāṃghika

Bart Dessein.

in Buddhism

P ublished online February 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Buddhism; Tibetan Buddhism; Zen Buddhism. 11636 words.

Tradition starts the history of the Mahāsāṃghika (Mahāsāńgika/Mahasamghika/Mahasanghika) school of Buddhism with the so-called Buddhist Council of Vaiśālī (present-day Besarh in the...

Anātman

K.T.S. Sarao.

in Buddhism

P ublished online February 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Buddhism; Tibetan Buddhism; Zen Buddhism. 7411 words.

The term ātman (Pāli. attā/atta) is often translated into English as “self, soul, or ego.” As compared to this, anātman (Pāli. anattā), which is the antonym of ātman, may be translated into...

Prominent Buddhist Women in the West

Ann Gleig.

in Buddhism

P ublished online March 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Buddhism; Tibetan Buddhism; Zen Buddhism. 17960 words.

Women have played a significant role in both the historical transmission of Buddhism to the West and in shaping a distinctively Western form of Buddhism. Buddhism was transported to the...

Buddhism in New Medias

Scott A. Mitchell.

in Buddhism

P ublished online September 2010 .

Article. Subjects: Buddhism; Tibetan Buddhism; Zen Buddhism. 3372 words.

The proliferation and variety of new media over the past half-century has posed new opportunities and challenges for Buddhist communities. Religious studies more generally, as well as the...

Vinaya

Klaus Pinte.

in Buddhism

P ublished online September 2010 .

Article. Subjects: Buddhism; Tibetan Buddhism; Zen Buddhism. 12634 words.

The disciplinary codes for the training of Buddhist monks (Skt. bhikṣus) and nuns (Skt. bhikṣuṇīs), as well as the institutional regulations for the monastic community (Skt. saṃgha) are...

Buddhism and Asceticism

Liz Wilson.

in Buddhism

P ublished online March 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Buddhism; Tibetan Buddhism; Zen Buddhism. 4759 words.

Asceticism consists of practices of self-discipline undertaken voluntarily in order to achieve a higher state of being. Buddhism has an interesting, rather ambivalent relation to...

Globalization

Scott A. Mitchell.

in Buddhism

P ublished online September 2010 .

Article. Subjects: Buddhism; Tibetan Buddhism; Zen Buddhism. 8424 words.

Globalization is a topic taken up by a variety of disciplines, from political science and international relations, to economics and sociology. Anthropology and sociology are the fields most...

Buddhism in Laos

Justin McDaniel.

in Buddhism

P ublished online January 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Buddhism; Tibetan Buddhism; Zen Buddhism. 4698 words.

Even though Lao studies is experiencing exponential growth due to the availability and exposure of a number of archival sources (especially the Digital Library of Lao Manuscripts, cited...

Buddhist Hermeneutics

Richard Nance.

in Buddhism

P ublished online April 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Buddhism; Tibetan Buddhism; Zen Buddhism. 7669 words.

Etymologically derived from the Greek ἑρμηνεύειν, to interpret, the term “hermeneutics” is often presumed to gesture to Hermes, messenger of the Gods. Although the historical validity of...

Buddhism and the Family

Reiko Ohnuma.

in Buddhism

P ublished online June 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Buddhism; Tibetan Buddhism; Zen Buddhism. 6744 words.

Buddhism has a complex and multifaceted relationship with the family, familial life, and familial discourses. Buddhism is centered on a monastic path that involves the renunciation of all...