Oxford Index Search Results

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community x Judaism and Jewish Studies x clear all

community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

See overview in Oxford Index

Qumran Community

Overview page. Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies.

Jewish monastic community which lived near the shores of the Dead Sea. Major archaeological excavations have taken place in the area. Khirbet Qumran is the site of a building complex ...

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See overview in Oxford Index

RULE OF THE COMMUNITY

Edited by Adele Berlin and Maxine Grossman.

in The Oxford Dictionary of the Jewish Religion

January 2011; p ublished online January 2011 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies. 180 words.

a work among several others found in the Dead Sea Scrolls containing regulations for the sectarian Qumran community. The

Calendar and Community

Sacha Stern.

October 2001; p ublished online November 2003 .

Book. Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies. 250 pages.

Traces the development of the Jewish calendar—how months and years were reckoned—from its earliest descriptions in the second century b.c.e. until it reached, in the tenth century c.e., to...

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 Kabbalists in the Community

Pinchas Giller.

in Shalom Shar'abi and the Kabbalists of Beit El

March 2008; p ublished online May 2008 .

Chapter. Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies. 4146 words.

The Beit El circles, from their inception to the present, have seen themselves as practicing the most essential and avant‐garde form of Judaism. To this end, the Beit El tradition developed...

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Community

Louis Jacobs.

in A Concise Companion to the Jewish Religion

January 1999; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies. 173 words.

The Hebrew word tzibbur (from a root meaning ‘to gather’) is used both for the Jewish people as a whole

COMMUNITY

Edited by Adele Berlin and Maxine Grossman.

in The Oxford Dictionary of the Jewish Religion

January 2011; p ublished online January 2011 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies. 1187 words.

a term used to render a variety of Hebrew expressions (such as qehillah, ʿedah, qahal, tsibbur, kelal), each with

Jewish Communities in Asia

Nathan Katz.

in The Oxford Handbook of Global Religions

October 2006; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Interfaith Relations; Judaism and Jewish Studies. 4422 words.

Perhaps for as long as two millennia, there have been Jewish communities throughout much of South, East, and Southeast Asia. Most have been in such port cities as Surat, Kochi, Mumbai,...

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Jewish Communities in Israel

Roger Friedland and Richard D. Hecht.

in The Oxford Handbook of Global Religions

October 2006; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Interfaith Relations; Judaism and Jewish Studies. 5999 words.

The formation of the state of Israel in 1948 represented not only a historic achievement but also an extraordinary experiment in the nationalization of a global religion. It is remarkable...

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Jewish Communities in Europe

Sergio DellaPergola.

in The Oxford Handbook of Global Religions

October 2006; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Interfaith Relations; Judaism and Jewish Studies. 2503 words.

The Jewish presence in Europe dates back to the second or third centuries BCE. Between the twelfth and the twentieth centuries, the overall course of the European Jewish community can be...

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The Druze Community in Israel

Rami Zeedan.

in Jewish Studies

P ublished online February 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies. 4948 words.

The Druze religion began during the reign of the Muslim Fatimid caliph al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah (ruled 996–1021 ce). Al-daʾwa (the call) invited those who believed to join the new faith—...

QUMRAN COMMUNITY

Edited by Adele Berlin and Maxine Grossman.

in The Oxford Dictionary of the Jewish Religion

January 2011; p ublished online January 2011 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies. 1098 words.

a group living at the site of Khirbat Qumran, on the western shore of the Dead Sea, between approximately

COMMUNITY REGULATIONS

Edited by Adele Berlin and Maxine Grossman.

in The Oxford Dictionary of the Jewish Religion

January 2011; p ublished online January 2011 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies. 4 words.

Dietary and Sexual Purity in Jewish-Christian Communities

Moshe Blidstein.

in Purity, Community, and Ritual in Early Christian Literature

May 2017; p ublished online May 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Early Christianity; Judaism and Jewish Studies. 9020 words.

Chapter 8 is dedicated to texts providing information on Jewish-Christian communities, especially the 26th chapter of the Didascalia Apostolorum, the Pseudo-Clementines, and sources on the...

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Calendar and Community: The Emergence of the Normative Jewish Calendar

Sacha Stern.

in Calendar and Community

October 2001; p ublished online November 2003 .

Chapter. Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies. 29377 words.

Investigates why the rabbinic calendar may have developed in this way (see ch.4). Theories based on notions of anti‐Jewish persecution, Christian influence, or scientific progress are...

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Asher, Asher (1837–1889), physician and community worker

Kenneth E. Collins.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Politics and Law; Medicine and Health; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Ethnic Politics. 1068 words.

Asher, Asher (1837–1889), physician and community worker, was born on 16 February 1837 in Glasgow, the first son of Philip Asher, son of Rabbi Zev Wolf of Lublin, and his wife, Hannah, a...

Sectarian Communities in the Dead Sea Scrolls

John J. Collins.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Dead Sea Scrolls

October 2010; p ublished online January 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Religion in the Ancient World; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Christianity. 10431 words.

It has been customary to speak of ‘the Qumran community’. This community is usually identified as an Essene settlement, and is widely assumed to have been celibate. However, this article...

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The Pure Community, the Holy Sacrifice, and the Defilement of Sin

Moshe Blidstein.

in Purity, Community, and Ritual in Early Christian Literature

May 2017; p ublished online May 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Early Christianity; Judaism and Jewish Studies. 7256 words.

Chapter 6 turns to the internal ordering of the community through purity discourse concerning sin. It discusses the regulation of sin inside the borders of the pure community, focusing on...

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Theophrastus on Jewish Sacrificial Practices and the Jews as a Community of Philosophers

Bezalel Bar-Kochva.

in The Image of the Jews in Greek Literature

February 2010; p ublished online May 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies. 13717 words.

This chapter studies Theoprastus, the first of four Greek authors during the early Hellenistic period to write about the Jews, and is concerned with his views on Jewish sacrificial...

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From the Founding of the Community Until the Union of Lublin (1506–1569)

in The Jews of Pinsk, 1506 to 1880

November 2007; p ublished online June 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies. 16843 words.

This chapter traces the history of the growth and development of the Jewish community in Pinsk from 1506–1569. Topics discussed include the basic privilege of Pinsk Jewry; the Jewish...

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Jewish Communities in North Africa and the Middle East

Reuben Ahroni.

in The Oxford Handbook of Global Religions

October 2006; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Interfaith Relations; Judaism and Jewish Studies. 5427 words.

The Jewish world is generally lumped into two broad categories, Ashkenazim and Sefaradim, despite the marked differences that exist among the diverse Jewish communities around the world in...

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