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community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

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Fragile Millennial Communities and Violence

John Walliss.

in The Oxford Handbook of Millennialism

October 2011; p ublished online January 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Religious Studies; Philosophy of Religion; Christianity; Alternative Belief Systems. 8232 words.

This article focuses on the twin factors of millenialist predisposition towards violence and the crossover from a volatile disposition to the actual practice of violence. It reviews the...

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Paganism in retreat

in Paganism

May 2011; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Alternative Belief Systems. 5291 words.

‘Paganism in retreat’ describes the gradual Christianization of the Roman world. Missionaries were sent into the pagan territories, ideally to live amongst them. To be successful, they had...

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Fear

in Witchcraft

March 2010; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Alternative Belief Systems. 3230 words.

‘Fear’ reminds us that witches are monsters haunting our dreams, confirming who we are through what we are not. Witches are living projections of feelings that defy easy rationalization or...

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Jones, Jim

Henry Warner Bowden.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative Belief Systems. 1257 words.

Jones, Jim (13 May 1931–18 November 1978), religious cult leader, was born James Warren Jones in Crete, Indiana, the son of James Thurman Jones, a road construction worker, and Lynetta...

Mormons and the Bible

Laurie Maffly-Kipp.

in The Oxford Handbook of Mormonism

November 2015; p ublished online December 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Alternative Belief Systems. 6339 words.

Mormons have employed a variety of interpretive strategies in their readings of the Bible. Mormon biblical interpretation must be understood in relation to readings of the Book of Mormon...

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Cult Journalism

Nicoles S. Ruskell and James R. Lewis.

in The Oxford Handbook of New Religious Movements

June 2016; p ublished online July 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Alternative Belief Systems. 5597 words.

This chapter opens with an examination of the journalism issues surrounding the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms (ATF) assault on the Branch Davidian community outside of Waco,...

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The Book of Mormon

Grant Hardy.

in The Oxford Handbook of Mormonism

November 2015; p ublished online December 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Alternative Belief Systems. 7543 words.

This chapter provides an overview of the contents of the Book of Mormon and its reception by both Latter-day Saints and outsiders. Unusually for world scripture, the Book of Mormon appeared...

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Emergent Mormonism in Context

Daniel Walker Howe.

in The Oxford Handbook of Mormonism

November 2015; p ublished online December 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Alternative Belief Systems. 6695 words.

The founding of Mormonism and the later migration to Utah has a particular context. This chapter compares and contrasts Mormonism with other religious and social movements founded about the...

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Communitarianism and Consecration in Mormonism

J. Spencer Fluhman.

in The Oxford Handbook of Mormonism

November 2015; p ublished online December 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Alternative Belief Systems. 6647 words.

Throughout their tumultuous history, Mormons have sporadically invoked a flexible practice of property donation—or “consecration”—to provide for community needs, to insulate themselves...

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Satanic Ritual Abuse

James R. Lewis.

in The Oxford Handbook of New Religious Movements

June 2016; p ublished online July 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Alternative Belief Systems. 5414 words.

The notion of an international Satanist conspiracy became prominent during the so-called Satanic Ritual Abuse (SRA) scare. This scare—also referred to as the ‘Satanic Panic’—peaked in the...

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Material Religion

Jessica Moberg.

in The Oxford Handbook of New Religious Movements

June 2016; p ublished online July 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Alternative Belief Systems. 5620 words.

This chapter introduces material studies, a theoretical field rooted in performance studies, embodiment phenomenology, critical theory and post-functionalist anthropology. It lays out...

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The Study of Paganism and Wicca

Kaarina Aitamurto and Scott Simpson.

in The Oxford Handbook of New Religious Movements

June 2016; p ublished online July 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Alternative Belief Systems. 6024 words.

In the twentieth century, all across Europe, new religious communities appeared which drew inspiration from historical Paganisms. The Wiccan tradition, first presented in the United Kingdom...

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Religious Responses to the 2011 Tsunami in Japan

Levi McLaughlin.

P ublished online April 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Buddhism; Religious Studies; Alternative Belief Systems. 10326 words.

Scholars have recently begun synthesizing data on the massive aid response by religious organizations after the March 11, 2011, compound earthquake, tsunami, and nuclear disasters in...

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Virtual Religion

Christopher Helland.

P ublished online February 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Religion and Science; Alternative Belief Systems; Buddhism. 11231 words.

This essay introduces some of the key issues associated with virtual religious practices. With the development of the MODEM program and public access to the Internet and then the WWW,...

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The Twentieth Century

Callum G. Brown.

in The Oxford Handbook of Atheism

November 2013; p ublished online October 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Alternative Belief Systems; History of Religion. 8416 words.

Disaffection from organized religion in the twentieth century led to rising levels of religious apathy as well as atheism. This is explored in this essay by enumerating the scale of change...

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