Oxford Index Search Results

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community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

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African Christian Communities

David Chidester.

in The Oxford Handbook of Global Religions

October 2006; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Interfaith Relations. 3234 words.

As a global religion, Christianity is also an African religion, and increasingly so. During the twentieth century, the number of Christians in Africa rose from an estimated 10 million to...

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Jewish Communities in Asia

Nathan Katz.

in The Oxford Handbook of Global Religions

October 2006; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Interfaith Relations; Judaism and Jewish Studies. 4422 words.

Perhaps for as long as two millennia, there have been Jewish communities throughout much of South, East, and Southeast Asia. Most have been in such port cities as Surat, Kochi, Mumbai,...

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Hindu Communities Abroad

Vasudha Narayanan.

in The Oxford Handbook of Global Religions

October 2006; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Interfaith Relations; Hinduism. 3339 words.

For more than 2,000 years, Hindu communities have flourished outside the subcontinent of India. Despite the prohibitions against traveling across the ocean found in many Hindu texts,...

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The Sikh Community

Gurinder Singh Mann.

in The Oxford Handbook of Global Religions

October 2006; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Interfaith Relations; Sikhism. 3578 words.

Sikhs represent the youngest and least known of the world's monotheistic religious traditions. The community was founded in the early sixteenth century and has been historically situated in...

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Religious Communities in Russia

Alexey D. Krindatch.

in The Oxford Handbook of Global Religions

October 2006; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Interfaith Relations; Christianity. 6663 words.

Most of the world's faiths are represented in Russia. Eastern Orthodox Christians, Muslims, and Buddhists predominate in different regions of the Russian Federation. Jews, Roman Catholics,...

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Jewish Communities in Israel

Roger Friedland and Richard D. Hecht.

in The Oxford Handbook of Global Religions

October 2006; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Interfaith Relations; Judaism and Jewish Studies. 5999 words.

The formation of the state of Israel in 1948 represented not only a historic achievement but also an extraordinary experiment in the nationalization of a global religion. It is remarkable...

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Jewish Communities in Europe

Sergio DellaPergola.

in The Oxford Handbook of Global Religions

October 2006; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Interfaith Relations; Judaism and Jewish Studies. 2503 words.

The Jewish presence in Europe dates back to the second or third centuries BCE. Between the twelfth and the twentieth centuries, the overall course of the European Jewish community can be...

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The Coptic Community

Juan E. Campo and John Iskander.

in The Oxford Handbook of Global Religions

October 2006; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Interfaith Relations; Christianity. 4096 words.

The Copts, the indigenous Christians of Egypt, are early examples of the global spread of Christianity. Their name comes from qibt, which Arabic-speaking Muslims used to designate first the...

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American Islamic Communities

Jane I. Smith.

in The Oxford Handbook of Global Religions

October 2006; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Interfaith Relations; Islam. 3117 words.

Muslims who live in regions such as Europe and the United States that are outside the sphere of dominant Islamic culture face a steady array of choices. Underlying the lifestyle decisions...

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Chinese Islamic Communities

Dru C. Gladney.

in The Oxford Handbook of Global Religions

October 2006; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Interfaith Relations; Islam; East Asian Religions. 2828 words.

There are almost twenty million Muslims in China, constituting a diverse community that is both multi-ethnic and, within Islam, multi-religious. There are ten official Muslim nationalities...

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Islamic Communities in South Asia

Scott Kugle.

in The Oxford Handbook of Global Religions

October 2006; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Interfaith Relations; Islam. 10445 words.

In sheer numbers, South Asia is the global center of Islam. It is the host to over 350 million Muslims: 128 million in India, 124 million in Pakistan, and 103 million in Bangladesh. Muslims...

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Christian Communities in South Asia

Ainslie T. Embree.

in The Oxford Handbook of Global Religions

October 2006; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Interfaith Relations; Christianity. 7466 words.

The many Christian communities of South Asia were all deeply embedded in the complex civilizations of the subcontinent. Today, these communities number some thirty million people in India,...

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Evangelical Christian Community in North and South America

Randall Balmer.

in The Oxford Handbook of Global Religions

October 2006; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Interfaith Relations; Christianity. 2658 words.

Through missionaries and the communications media, evangelical Protestant Christianity has spread its tentacles around the world. A recent estimate put the number of evangelicals worldwide...

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Jewish Communities in North Africa and the Middle East

Reuben Ahroni.

in The Oxford Handbook of Global Religions

October 2006; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Interfaith Relations; Judaism and Jewish Studies. 5427 words.

The Jewish world is generally lumped into two broad categories, Ashkenazim and Sefaradim, despite the marked differences that exist among the diverse Jewish communities around the world in...

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Pacific Islands Religious Communities

Joel Robbins.

in The Oxford Handbook of Global Religions

October 2006; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Interfaith Relations. 3543 words.

When one considers processes of globalization in the Pacific Islands, one is struck by the extent to which religion has been central to them. There are grounds to argue that religion, and...

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North American Religious Communities

Wade Clark Roof.

in The Oxford Handbook of Global Religions

October 2006; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Interfaith Relations. 3135 words.

Religion in contemporary North America reflects the dynamic interplay of two widespread modernizing trends: pluralism and privatization. The societies of both the United States and Canada...

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The Jain Community

Lawrence A. Babb.

in The Oxford Handbook of Global Religions

October 2006; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Interfaith Relations; Jainism. 2649 words.

Jainism is a South Asian religion that emerged into historical view in the first half of the first millennium BCE. Along with Buddhism, Jainism is the only other surviving example of...

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Buddhist Communities Abroad

Thomas A. Tweed.

in The Oxford Handbook of Global Religions

October 2006; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Interfaith Relations; Buddhism. 4671 words.

Buddhism arose during the fifth century BCE in what is today Nepal and northeastern India to become one of the world's first transregional religions. In crossing from one region to another,...

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Christian Communities in China

Richard Madsen.

in The Oxford Handbook of Global Religions

October 2006; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Interfaith Relations; Christianity; East Asian Religions. 2017 words.

Christianity in China is a relatively new import from the West. During the seventeenth century, European missionary orders, especially the Jesuits and Dominicans, entered China and began...

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Jewish Communities in the Americas

J. Shawn Landres.

in The Oxford Handbook of Global Religions

October 2006; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Interfaith Relations; Judaism and Jewish Studies. 3315 words.

American Judaism is a major element of global Judaism. Aside from Israel, more Jews live in North America than anywhere else in the world. Forty-one percent of the thirteen million Jews...

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