Oxford Index Search Results

You are looking at 1-20 of 46 items for:

community x Sports and Outdoor Recreation x clear all

community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

See overview in Oxford Index

Community

in Berkshire Encyclopedia of World Sport

January 2013; p ublished online August 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Outdoor Recreation. 3286 words.

Community is a broad concept that can refer to many different types of social groups and collectivities, ranging from small to large, virtual or concrete. In sport scholarship,...

policy community

Alan Tomlinson.

in A Dictionary of Sports Studies

January 2010; p ublished online January 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Outdoor Recreation. 131 words.

A set of interrelated actors (individuals and organizations) with a common interest in an issue or a problem that could be furthered on the basis of governmental policy. An effective policy...

community

Alan Tomlinson.

in A Dictionary of Sports Studies

January 2010; p ublished online January 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Outdoor Recreation. 296 words.

A concept referring to types of social relationship that bind people together, and provide valuable and often enduring sources of ...

European Union

Alan Tomlinson.

in A Dictionary of Sports Studies

January 2010; p ublished online January 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Outdoor Recreation. 290 words.

A supranational and intergovernmental organization, previously known, up to 1993, as the European Community, and before that as the European Economic Community...

social capital

Alan Tomlinson.

in A Dictionary of Sports Studies

January 2010; p ublished online January 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Outdoor Recreation. 463 words.

A concept describing forms of relationships between individuals, in communities and families in particular. The concept gained extended currency in the work of political scientist ...

participant observation

Alan Tomlinson.

in A Dictionary of Sports Studies

January 2010; p ublished online January 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Outdoor Recreation. 490 words.

A social scientific method whereby the researcher adopts a position or role in a group, community, or organization, and as such is part of the ongoing everyday life and evolving social...

cudgelling

Alan Tomlinson.

in A Dictionary of Sports Studies

January 2010; p ublished online January 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Outdoor Recreation. 291 words.

A combat sport, or form of duel, played between individuals (usually one-to-one, but sometimes in teams) armed with two staves, one for attack and one for defence. The sport was popular in...

tradition

Alan Tomlinson.

in A Dictionary of Sports Studies

January 2010; p ublished online January 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Outdoor Recreation. 240 words.

A set of social activities and events appealing to a group, community, or society's sense of its own past, largely in relation to perceived or claimed values and beliefs that have had some...

comparative studies

Alan Tomlinson.

in A Dictionary of Sports Studies

January 2010; p ublished online January 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Outdoor Recreation. 305 words.

Studies which take at least two cases—of, say, a sporting institution—and attempt to show the contrasts and differences in their structure, practices, cultural character, and sociocultural...

Mitchell and Kenyon

Alan Tomlinson.

in A Dictionary of Sports Studies

January 2010; p ublished online January 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Outdoor Recreation. 132 words.

Sagar Mitchell and James Kenyon were two English film-makers who established their film company in 1897, and whose early filming of people in everyday public life captured the range of...

mores

Alan Tomlinson.

in A Dictionary of Sports Studies

January 2010; p ublished online January 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Outdoor Recreation. 85 words.

A term introduced by William Graham Sumner (1840–1910) in his 1906 book Folkways, referring to the morally prescribed and generally accepted forms of behaviour characteristic of a community...

event study

Alan Tomlinson.

in A Dictionary of Sports Studies

January 2010; p ublished online January 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Outdoor Recreation. 86 words.

The study in detail of a particular case, and from an economic perspective all of the financial dimensions of that case, in particular in terms of projections, stated and hidden costs, and...

liminality

Alan Tomlinson.

in A Dictionary of Sports Studies

January 2010; p ublished online January 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Outdoor Recreation. 185 words.

A concept, in the works of cultural anthropologist Victor Turner (1920–83), referring to a phase—often transitional or transitory—‘betwixt and between’ positions or states. Turner writes of...

voluntary sector

Alan Tomlinson.

in A Dictionary of Sports Studies

January 2010; p ublished online January 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Outdoor Recreation. 137 words.

A sphere of social action and human organization that is based upon neither the market (the private sector) nor the government (the state), but upon the self-organized activities and...

Clubsport Systems

in Berkshire Encyclopedia of World Sport

January 2013; p ublished online August 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Outdoor Recreation. 2816 words.

Most broadly defined, clubsports refers to virtually any sport that is organized in some way. More commonly it is used in reference to organized amateur sports such as youth...

Gay Games

in Berkshire Encyclopedia of World Sport

January 2013; p ublished online August 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Outdoor Recreation. 3114 words.

The Gay Games are a sports and cultural festival held every four years, mainly organized by members of the LGBTQ (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer) community. The...

Dance

in Berkshire Encyclopedia of World Sport

January 2013; p ublished online August 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Outdoor Recreation. 5377 words.

Human beings throughout time have danced for a variety of reasons, including pleasing the gods, pleasing others, pleasing themselves, and building community within a cultural...

Rodeo

in Berkshire Encyclopedia of World Sport

January 2013; p ublished online August 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Outdoor Recreation. 3246 words.

A typical rodeo event consists of timed and rough stock events, including bareback and saddle bronc riding, bull riding, calf and team roping, and steer wrestling. Mainly...

Kite Sports

in Berkshire Encyclopedia of World Sport

January 2013; p ublished online August 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Outdoor Recreation. 913 words.

Kites are used in a variety of sports, on land, water, snow, and ice. Kite traction is the sport of putting a kite onto a vehicle, whether it is a sled, a surfboard, or a...

Folk Sports

in Berkshire Encyclopedia of World Sport

January 2013; p ublished online August 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Outdoor Recreation. 4473 words.

Folk sports developed mainly from pre-modern folk culture. Today, the term embraces traditional, ethnic, or indigenous sports and games, but also new activities that are based...