Oxford Index Search Results

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community x Courts and Procedure x clear all

community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

See overview in Oxford Index

Probation and Community Penalties

Stan C. Proband.

in The Oxford Handbook of Crime and Criminal Justice

September 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Corrections; Courts and Procedure. 7715 words.

Probation remains the most common form of correctional supervision. Well over half of sentenced offenders, over four million at any one time in recent years, are under the control of...

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Probation, Intermediate Sanctions, and Community-Based Corrections

Faye S. Taxman.

in The Oxford Handbook of Sentencing and Corrections

April 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Corrections; Courts and Procedure. 10017 words.

This article serves as a comprehensive review about community-based correctional supervision, which is a subfield of corrections where offenders are supervised and given services outside...

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Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District

in The Oxford Companion to the Supreme Court of the United States

January 2005; p ublished online January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Courts and Procedure. 707 words.

393 U.S. 503 (1969), argued 12 Nov. 1968, decided 24 Feb. 1969 by vote of 7 to

Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District

Keith C. Miller.

in The Oxford Guide to United States Supreme Court Decisions

January 2009; p ublished online January 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Courts and Procedure. 700 words.

393 U.S. 503 (1969), argued 12 Nov. 1968, decided 24 Feb. 1969 by vote of 7 to

Parents Involved in Community Schools v. Seattle School District No. 1; Meredith v. Jefferson County Board of Education

in The Oxford Companion to the Supreme Court of the United States

January 2005; p ublished online January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Courts and Procedure. 896 words.

127 S. Ct. 2738 (2007), argued 4 Dec. 2006, decided 28 June 2007 by vote of 5

Parents Involved in Community Schools v. Seattle School District No. 1; Meredith v. Jefferson County Board of Education

Gail Heriot.

in The Oxford Guide to United States Supreme Court Decisions

January 2009; p ublished online January 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Courts and Procedure. 895 words.

127 S. Ct. 2738 (2007), argued 4 Dec. 2006, decided 28 June 2007 by vote of 5

Socialism

Jim Staples.

in The Oxford Companion to the High Court of Australia

January 2001; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Courts and Procedure. 2769 words.

Australia did not begin as a community of free settlers. It began as a military establishment under the grasp of

Cardozo, Benjamin Nathan (24 May 1870)

in The Oxford Companion to the Supreme Court of the United States

January 2005; p ublished online January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Courts and Procedure. 809 words.

The son of Albert Cardozo and Rebecca Washington, Benjamin Cardozo was born into a community of persecuted Spanish and

McLean, John (11 Mar. 1785)

in The Oxford Companion to the Supreme Court of the United States

January 2005; p ublished online January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Courts and Procedure. 838 words.

The son of Ulsterman Fergus McLean (originally McLain) and Sophia Blackford, McLean grew up in a succession of frontier communities

Public Prosecution in Japan

John O. Haley.

P ublished online December 2015 .

Article. Subjects: International and Comparative Criminology; Courts and Procedure. 10689 words.

This article discusses the role of public prosecution in Japan’s exemplary record of crime prevention. It begins with an overview of the tripartite process of public prosecution in Japan...

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Identifying, Treating, and Reducing Risk for Offenders with Mental Illness

Jennifer L. Skeem and Jillian K. Peterson.

in The Oxford Handbook of Sentencing and Corrections

April 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Courts and Procedure; Crime Prevention. 9933 words.

This article provides a vivid description of how persons with mental illness continually find themselves involved in the corrections system. It first explains how their unique needs are...

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Jails, Pre-trial Detention, and Short Term Confinement

Lieutenant Gary F. Cornelius.

in The Oxford Handbook of Sentencing and Corrections

April 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Prisons and Jails; Courts and Procedure. 12795 words.

This article views America's jails using a practitioner's perspective. It first describes how local jails were developed, how they are managed in an overcrowded environment, and how they...

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Problem-Solving Courts: An International Comparison

James L. Nolan.

in The Oxford Handbook of Sentencing and Corrections

April 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Courts and Procedure; Corrections. 11354 words.

This article assesses the success of “therapeutic jurisprudence,” which is placed in the setting of problem-solving courts. Some examples of these problem-solving courts are domestic...

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Restorative Justice as Evidence-Based Sentencing

Lawrence W. Sherman and Heather Strang.

in The Oxford Handbook of Sentencing and Corrections

April 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Theories of Crime; Corrections; Courts and Procedure. 13617 words.

This article takes a look at the conclusions from twenty years of restorative justice (RJ) innovations and their status as of 2011. The discussion is primarily concerned with the...

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