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community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

See overview in Oxford Index

community

Michael Kent.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine

January 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine. 34 words.

1 Set of social relationships existing within a geographically defined area, or the area itself.

2 Relationships that exist on an abstract ideological or...

Community cardiology

Ali Khavandi.

in Essential Revision Notes for the Cardiology KBA

March 2014; p ublished online April 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Cardiovascular Medicine; Clinical Skills. 1515 words.

Chapter 25 covers community cardiology, including implementation and screening programmes.

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Resilient communities

Allan Kellehear and Barbara Young.

in Resilience in Palliative Care

September 2007; p ublished online November 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Palliative Medicine. 6404 words.

This chapter examines the community resilience in the context of palliative care. It explains that the relationship between palliative care and the communities they serve is crucial to the...

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Community Paediatrics

Edited by Srinivas Gada.

September 2012; p ublished online October 2012 .

Book. Subjects: Paediatrics; Community Medical Services; Patient Education and Information; Neurology; Child and Adolescent Psychiatry; Clinical Genetics. 688 pages.

Containing detailed summaries on a comprehensive range of clinical scenarios and conditions, and organised according to the different sub-specialities of community paediatrics, this...

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Volunteering and community

Libby Sallnow and Heather Richardson.

in The Changing Face of Volunteering in Hospice and Palliative Care

April 2018; p ublished online June 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Palliative Medicine. 4800 words.

This chapter, drawing on the research and practice of the two authors explores the relationship between volunteering and the concept of community. The focus is on volunteers called...

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Creating a Civil Community

Mark Lazenby.

in Caring Matters Most

January 2017; p ublished online February 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Nursing Studies; Medical Skills; Clinical Medicine. 2862 words.

Bullying, also known as horizontal workplace violence, is pervasive in the nursing community. The nursing community must respond by creating a civil community. A civil community is one in...

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Faith community (parish) nursing

Antonia M. van Loon.

in Oxford Textbook of Spirituality in Healthcare

August 2012; p ublished online August 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology; Palliative Medicine. 5805 words.

Faith community nursing (also known as parish nursing, pastoral nursing, congregational/church nursing) is a specialist nursing practice distinguished by its endorsement of a faith-based...

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Community outreach rehabilitation

David Heseltine.

in Age and Ageing

August 2001; p ublished online August 2001 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Geriatric Medicine. 0 words.

Objective: to review controlled studies evaluating the effectiveness of community rehabilitation schemes developed to facilitate effective discharge from hospital.

 To...

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The Community Service Network

Thomas R. Freeman.

in McWhinney's Textbook of Family Medicine

February 2016; p ublished online April 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Primary Care; Clinical Medicine. 1756 words.

Unless family physicians have good lines of communication with community health services and an awareness of what they have to offer, their effectiveness will be severely limited. The...

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Illness in the Community

Thomas R. Freeman.

in McWhinney's Textbook of Family Medicine

February 2016; p ublished online April 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Primary Care; Clinical Medicine. 4040 words.

This chapter covers illness in the community. There are two factors that lead a person to consult a physician: the sick role and illness behavior. Variations in illness behavior are...

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Community-Acquired Pneumonia

Ryan Circh.

in Infectious Diseases Emergencies

September 2016; p ublished online November 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Emergency Medicine. 2143 words.

Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is defined as an acute infection of the pulmonary parenchyma in someone who has not recently had close contact with the health care system. Common...

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Community-based prevention centres

Susan Connolly and Margaret E. Cupples.

in The ESC Textbook of Preventive Cardiology

May 2015; p ublished online June 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Cardiovascular Medicine; Cardiothoracic Surgery. 6361 words.

The need for a new approach to cardiovascular disease prevention, both secondary and primary, that is different from traditional health service provision through hospital cardiac...

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Dementia in the community

Jonathan Waite, Rowan H. Harwood, Ian R. Morton and David J. Connelly.

in Dementia Care

October 2008; p ublished online November 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; Geriatric Medicine; Community Medical Services. 7966 words.

Services - Care programme approach - Community mental health teams - Memory services - Day care - Residential respite care - Admission to a psychogeriatric ward - Home care - Supporting...

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The Cancer Support Community

Joanne S. Buzaglo, Alexandra K. Zaleta, Margaret L. Longacre and Mitch Golant.

in Cancer Caregivers

January 2019; p ublished online February 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psychiatry; Palliative Medicine; Medical Oncology. 5216 words.

The demands of caregiving are associated with physical, emotional, and practical consequences for cancer patients and caregivers. Guided by a person-centered model of evidence-based...

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Community-Acquired Pneumonia

Sonia L. Betancourt.

in Chest Imaging

July 2019; p ublished online August 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Radiology; Clinical Radiology; Respiratory Medicine and Pulmonology. 1735 words.

Pneumonia refers to acute inflammation of the lower respiratory tract and lung parenchyma. Community Acquired Pneumonia (CAP) refers to pneumonia acquired outside of hospitals or long-term...

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Community hospitals and older people

John Young and Katrina Donaldson.

in Age and Ageing

August 2001; p ublished online August 2001 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Geriatric Medicine. 0 words.

Recent health care policy has promoted the community hospital as one remedy for the contracted district general hospital. Unfortunately, a literature review reveals a weak evidence‐base to...

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Advance Care Planning in the community

Bruce Mason, Dierdra Sives and Scott A Murray.

in Advance Care Planning in End of Life Care

December 2010; p ublished online November 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Palliative Medicine. 5481 words.

This chapter presents an overview of issues surrounding Advance Care Planning (ACP) in the community. It examines when should one start ACP in the community and which patients, when, and...

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Advance care planning in the community

Peter Nightingale, Scott Murray and Chris Absolon.

in Advance Care Planning in End of Life Care

November 2017; p ublished online January 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Palliative Medicine. 5690 words.

Advance care planning (ACP) is becoming more widely used as part of a drive to improve personalized care planning, but there is still more work to be done. Electronic Palliative Care...

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Developing a Community of Teachers

Ruthmarijke Smeding, Bee Wee and John Ellershaw.

in Education in Palliative Care

February 2007; p ublished online November 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Palliative Medicine. 5035 words.

Today, the perspective people have on the dying is shifting in many countries, moving from a passive cessation of curative treatment to a proactive integration of palliative care. With this...

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Opportunities, Barriers, and Underserved Communities

David Clark.

in Transforming the Culture of Dying

June 2013; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Palliative Medicine. 14179 words.

This chapter discusses the PDIA board's policy work and its growing commitment to the needs of disadvantaged and dispossessed individuals, groups, and communities. The PDIA board's early...

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