Oxford Index Search Results

You are looking at 1-20 of 28 items for:

community x Respiratory Medicine and Pulmonology x clear all

community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

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Community-Acquired Pneumonia

Sonia L. Betancourt.

in Chest Imaging

July 2019; p ublished online August 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Radiology; Clinical Radiology; Respiratory Medicine and Pulmonology. 1735 words.

Pneumonia refers to acute inflammation of the lower respiratory tract and lung parenchyma. Community Acquired Pneumonia (CAP) refers to pneumonia acquired outside of hospitals or long-term...

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Community acquired infections in secondary care

Santiago Ewig.

in Acute Respiratory Infections

July 2012; p ublished online October 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Respiratory Medicine and Pulmonology. 3205 words.

Key points

In patients admitted to hospital with severe acute bronchitis and/or decompensated comorbidity, the need for antibacterial treatment requires careful clinical judgment - In...

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Community-acquired pneumonia

Jeremy Hull, Julian Forton and Anne Thomson.

in Paediatric Respiratory Medicine

February 2015; p ublished online April 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Paediatrics; Respiratory Medicine and Pulmonology. 2168 words.

Overview - Pathophysiology - Incidence - Causes - Symptoms and signs - Investigations and diagnosis - Chest X-ray appearances of lobar consolidation - Management - Outcome and follow-up

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Respiratory infection—bacterial

Stephen Chapman, Grace Robinson, John Stradling, Sophie West and John Wrightson.

in Oxford Handbook of Respiratory Medicine

August 2014; p ublished online August 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Respiratory Medicine and Pulmonology. 10604 words.

This chapter covers all aspects of the diagnosis and management of community and hospital acquired pneumonia. Community-acquired pneumonia represents the commonest infectious cause of death...

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Pneumonia

Edited by Robert Parker, Catherine Thomas and Lesley Bennett.

in Emergencies in Respiratory Medicine

August 2007; p ublished online August 2010 .

Chapter. Subjects: Respiratory Medicine and Pulmonology. 1532 words.

Pneumonia 172

Pneumonia is a commonly used term in both medical practice and the community at large. It is often used synonymously (and...

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Infection

Nick Maskell and Ann Millar.

in Oxford Desk Reference: Respiratory Medicine

May 2009; p ublished online October 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Respiratory Medicine and Pulmonology. 21175 words.

This chapter covers community-acquired pneumonia, hospital-acquired pneumonia, aspiration syndromes, lung abscess, nocardia and actinomycosis, viral infections of the respiratory tract,...

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The multidisciplinary team

Edited by Terry Robinson and Jane E. Scullion.

in Oxford Handbook of Respiratory Nursing

March 2009; p ublished online August 2010 .

Chapter. Subjects: Respiratory Medicine and Pulmonology. 7370 words.

This chapter covers the role of the respiratory nurse specialist, role of the community nurse, hospital at home services, the roles of the respiratory nurse consultant, the paediatric...

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Pneumonia in the normal host

John G. Bartlett.

in Oxford Textbook of Medicine

May 2010; p ublished online May 2010 .

Chapter. Subjects: Respiratory Medicine and Pulmonology. 9176 words.

Pneumonia is an acute or chronic infection involving the pulmonary parenchyma and is the most important infectious disease in terms of morbidity and mortality, which is 14% for...

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Pleural infections

Clare Hooper and Nick Maskell.

in Acute Respiratory Infections

July 2012; p ublished online October 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Respiratory Medicine and Pulmonology. 3542 words.

Key points

Pleural infection is associated with a mortality rate of 15–20% - The bacteriology of community acquired pleural infection is distinct from that of community acquired...

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Respiratory infection—viral

Stephen Chapman, Grace Robinson, John Stradling, Sophie West and John Wrightson.

in Oxford Handbook of Respiratory Medicine

August 2014; p ublished online August 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Respiratory Medicine and Pulmonology. 4942 words.

These common infections are typically self-limiting and managed in the community but, in the immunocompromised, can be devastating (especially with suppressed T-cell function such as...

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Obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome: underestimated and undertreated

G. J. Gibson.

in British Medical Bulletin

January 2004; p ublished online March 2005 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Respiratory Medicine and Pulmonology. 5654 words.

The obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) was first identified only 40 years ago and its clinical importance is increasingly recognized. Although now acknowledged as a worldwide problem,...

Non-invasive ventilation

Stephen Chapman, Grace Robinson, John Stradling, Sophie West and John Wrightson.

in Oxford Handbook of Respiratory Medicine

August 2014; p ublished online August 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Respiratory Medicine and Pulmonology. 3092 words.

The use of non-invasive ventilation (NIV), via a close-fitting face mask (less commonly, just a nasal mask), has greatly increased in recent years, as its role in the management of both...

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Smoking cessation

Stephen Chapman, Grace Robinson, John Stradling, Sophie West and John Wrightson.

in Oxford Handbook of Respiratory Medicine

August 2014; p ublished online August 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Respiratory Medicine and Pulmonology. 1869 words.

Since smoking cessation is the only real treatment to influence the long-term outcome of patients with smoking-induced COPD (and prevent its occurrence in the first place), quite rightly,...

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Bacterial lung infection

Simon Brill.

in Challenging Concepts in Respiratory Medicine

February 2017; p ublished online February 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Respiratory Medicine and Pulmonology; Clinical Medicine. 5420 words.

Bacterial lung infection may be caused by a wide variety of pathogens and may present in different ways. This chapter discusses a case presenting with signs and symptoms that were initially...

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Pneumonia

Chrysanthi L. Skevaki, Athanassios Tsakris and Nikolaos G. Papadopoulos.

in Asthma

February 2014; p ublished online August 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Respiratory Medicine and Pulmonology; Primary Care. 6935 words.

Pneumonia is defined as an acute infection of the lung caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, or other microorganisms and characterized by inflammation both within and around the alveolar...

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Respiratory problems

David Currow and Katherine Clark.

in Emergencies in Palliative and Supportive Care

P ublished online August 2010 .

Chapter. Subjects: Palliative Medicine; Respiratory Medicine and Pulmonology. 5676 words.

Community-acquired pneumonia - Pleural effusion - Empyema - Pneumothorax - Tracheo-oesophageal fistula - Mediastinitis - Large-airway problems - Haemoptysis - Pneumonitis - Lymphangitis...

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Less common and tropical respiratory tract infections

Wei Shen Lim.

in Acute Respiratory Infections

July 2012; p ublished online October 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Respiratory Medicine and Pulmonology; Infectious Diseases. 2865 words.

Key points

Pulmonary actinomycosis has a world-wide distribution and may resemble lung cancer or tuberculosis - Tuberculosis may present as an acute pneumonia, especially in countries...

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Pneumococcal respiratory disease and vaccines

Thomas Bewick and Wei Shen Lim.

in Acute Respiratory Infections

July 2012; p ublished online October 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Respiratory Medicine and Pulmonology; Infectious Diseases. 2342 words.

Key points

Streptococcus pneumoniae is the predominant bacterial pathogen implicated in all lower respiratory tract infections - The organism's pathogenicity is to a large...

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Influenza and other respiratory viral infections

Jonathan S. Nguyen-Van-Tam.

in Acute Respiratory Infections

July 2012; p ublished online October 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Respiratory Medicine and Pulmonology; Infectious Diseases. 4238 words.

Chapter 7 discusses the influenza and other respiratory viral infections. It explains that even though respiratory infections in temperate zones occur year round, their distribution is...

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Respiratory system

Edited by Paula Dawson, Louise Cook, Laura-Jane Holliday and Helen Reddy.

in Oxford Handbook of Clinical Skills for Children's and Young People's Nursing

July 2012; p ublished online July 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Clinical Skills; Paediatrics; Respiratory Medicine and Pulmonology. 15303 words.

Respiratory arrest and basic life support - Respiratory care at home, school, and in the community - History taking and assessment - Listening to breath sounds - Oxygen saturation monitoring -...

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