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community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

See overview in Oxford Index

community

Miquel Porta.

Edited by John M. Last.

in A Dictionary of Public Health

P ublished online May 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Public Health and Epidemiology. 89 words.

A group of people; e.g., a neighborhood, village, or municipal or rural region or a social group with a unifying common interest or trait, loosely organized into a recognizable unit; a...

Community development

John Kemm.

in Health Promotion

November 2014; p ublished online February 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology. 2432 words.

The term community has many meanings and there are many ways of engaging with communities. The most radical form of community health promotion involves citizen power in which the community...

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Community Development

Frances Dunn Butterfoss.

in Public Health

P ublished online February 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology. 4771 words.

Although its work is continuously redefined by current social issues, community development (CD) is a broad term applied to the values, practices, and academic disciplines of civic leaders,...

community leader

Overview page. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology.

An individual identified by community members, perhaps elected by them, who influences them and is recognized by them as their spokesperson and/or advocate. Health promotion programs work...

See overview in Oxford Index

community resources

Overview page. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology.

The range of economic assets, physical facilities, buildings, plant and equipment, and the human resources, that is, the community health workers who work in and from these physical...

See overview in Oxford Index

community development

Edited by John M. Last.

in A Dictionary of Public Health

January 2007; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology. 56 words.

The process of solving the environmental, economic, social, and public health problems of a community. This is often achieved by

community medicine

Edited by John M. Last.

in A Dictionary of Public Health

January 2007; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology. 89 words.

The study of health and disease in a community that is considered as an entity, and the provision and evaluation

refugee community

Edited by John M. Last.

in A Dictionary of Public Health

January 2007; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology. 73 words.

A long-term settlement of refugees, which may become a semipermanent or permanent home, such as Palestinian refugee communities in

community resources

Edited by John M. Last.

in A Dictionary of Public Health

January 2007; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology. 41 words.

The range of economic assets, physical facilities, buildings, plant and equipment, and the human resources, that is, the community health

community leader

Edited by John M. Last.

in A Dictionary of Public Health

January 2007; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology. 38 words.

An individual identified by community members, perhaps elected by them, who influences them and is recognized by them as their

Community engagement

Edited by Peter G. Smith, Richard H. Morrow and David A. Ross.

in Field Trials of Health Interventions

June 2015; p ublished online June 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology. 6504 words.

All field trials require the sustained engagement of trial participants, and the communities that they represent. This chapter provides practical guidance to researchers on ways of...

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therapeutic community

Edited by John M. Last.

in A Dictionary of Public Health

January 2007; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology. 156 words.

An approach to community-based management of psychiatric and related disorders, including emotionally disturbed adolescence, substance abuse, and mental retardation. In

therapeutic community

Overview page. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology.

An approach to community-based management of psychiatric and related disorders, including emotionally disturbed adolescence, substance abuse, and mental retardation. In Scotland, the...

See overview in Oxford Index

Community Gardens

Heather Kitzman-Ulrich, Jane Momoh, Ashley Martin and Mark DeHaven.

in Public Health

P ublished online May 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology. 4570 words.

Community gardens have the potential to provide access to healthy and affordable foods, particularly in food desert areas, where access to fruits and vegetables is limited. Current research...

community medicine

Overview page. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology.

The study of health and disease in a community that is considered as an entity, and the provision and evaluation of the health services of that community. One of several terms that came...

See overview in Oxford Index

community diagnosis

Overview page. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology.

A term coined by the British public health scientist J. N. (Jerry) Morris (1911–2009) to describe the summarized health and social statistics of a defined community, whether it be a nation...

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refugee community

Overview page. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology.

A long-term settlement of refugees, which may become a semipermanent or permanent home, such as Palestinian refugee communities in the remnants of their former habitat in Palestine and the...

See overview in Oxford Index

underserved community

Overview page. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology.

Guidelines and numerous studies provide information about the per capita requirements for all the principal components of a health care system. Another way that health planners operate is...

See overview in Oxford Index

community assets

Miquel Porta.

Edited by John M. Last.

in A Dictionary of Public Health

P ublished online May 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Public Health and Epidemiology. 56 words.

Capacities, resources, and contributions made by individuals, citizen associations, and local institutions that individually and collectively build the community’s capacity to assure the...

epistemic communities

Miquel Porta.

Edited by John M. Last.

in A Dictionary of Public Health

P ublished online May 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Public Health and Epidemiology. 88 words.

1. Transnational networks of scientists and of other knowledge-based professionals. Scientific associations have features of epistemic communities; subgroups within them may...