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community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

See overview in Oxford Index

Adaptation to Current and Future Climate in Pastoral Communities Across Africa

Edna Wangui.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Climate Science

P ublished online January 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography; Natural Disasters (Environmental Science); Meteorology and Climatology. 12635 words.

Pastoralists around the world are exposed to climate change and increasing climate variability. Various downscaled regional climate models in Africa support community reports of rising...

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Köppen, Wladimir (1846–1940)

Edited by Stephen H. Schneider, Terry L. Root and Michael D. Mastrandrea.

in Encyclopedia of Climate and Weather

January 2011; p ublished online January 2011 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology. 403 words.

Wladimir Köppen is credited with designing a classification system for the world's vegetation communities and climates that is widely accepted

Impacts of Climate Change on the Ecosystem of the Baltic Sea

Markku Viitasalo.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Climate Science

P ublished online February 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology. 12572 words.

Climate change influences the Baltic Sea ecosystem via its effects on oceanography and biogeochemistry. Sea surface temperature has been projected to increase by 2 to 4 °C until 2100 due to...

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Climate and Conflict in Africa

Jürgen Scheffran, Peter Michael Link and Janpeter Schilling.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Climate Science

P ublished online April 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology. 18961 words.

Climate change was conceived as a “risk multiplier” that could exacerbate security risks and conflicts in fragile regions and hotspots where poverty, violence, injustice, and social...

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Spatial Statistics

Christopher K. Wikle.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Climate Science

P ublished online July 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology. 12842 words.

The climate system consists of interactions between physical, biological, chemical, and human processes across a wide range of spatial and temporal scales. Characterizing the behavior of...

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Downscaling Wind

S.C. Pryor and A.N. Hahmann.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Climate Science

P ublished online February 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology. 15010 words.

Winds within the atmospheric boundary layer (i.e., near to Earth’s surface) vary across a range of scales from a few meters and sub-second timescales (i.e., the scales of turbulent motions)...

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Impact of Land–Atmosphere Interactions on Sahel Climate

Yongkang Xue.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Climate Science

P ublished online March 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology; Earth Sciences and Geography. 11737 words.

The Sahel of Africa has been identified as having the strongest land–atmosphere (L/A) interactions on Earth. The Sahelian L/A interaction studies started in the late 1970s. However, due to...

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Dynamical Downscaling

Filippo Giorgi.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Climate Science

Article. Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology; Earth Sciences and Geography. 479 words.

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Climate Science. Please check back later for the full article.

Dyn...

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Vulnerability to the Health Impacts of Drought in Canada in the Context of Climate Change

Peter Berry, Anna Yusa and Livia Bizikova.

in The Oxford Handbook of Planning for Climate Change Hazards

P ublished online April 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Natural Disasters (Environmental Science); Earth Sciences and Geography; Environmental Science; Meteorology and Climatology. 9677 words.

Climate change is likely to increase drought globally and regionally, including within Canada, by the end of the century. In recent years, drought has affected communities across Canada and...

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The Climate Change Regime

Philipp Pattberg and Oscar Widerberg.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Climate Science

P ublished online December 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography; Natural Disasters (Environmental Science); Meteorology and Climatology. 13289 words.

In 1992, when the international community agreed on the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the science of climate change was under development, global...

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Trends in Vulnerability to Climate-related Hazards in the Pacific: Research, Understanding and Implications

John Hay, Virginie Duvat and Alexandre K. Magnan.

in The Oxford Handbook of Planning for Climate Change Hazards

P ublished online April 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Natural Disasters (Environmental Science); Earth Sciences and Geography; Environmental Science; Meteorology and Climatology. 12131 words.

The unique coping capacities and other attributes that Pacific island nations have been developing for centuries have sustained them in the face of an enormous range of local and global...

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The Great Green Wall in the Sahel

Cheikh Mbow.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Climate Science

P ublished online August 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Natural Disasters (Environmental Science); Meteorology and Climatology; Earth Sciences and Geography. 9525 words.

For several decades, the Sahelian countries have been facing continuing rainfall shortages, which, coupled with anthropogenic factors, have severely disrupted the great ecological balance,...

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