Oxford Index Search Results

You are looking at 1-20 of 311 items for:

community x History of Science and Technology x clear all

community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

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scientific community

Thomas F. Gieryn.

in Science, Technology, and Society

January 2005; p ublished online January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History of Science and Technology. 7487 words.

This entry includes two subentries Norms OrganizationIs community the right word to describe those people who do science for

Hologram Communities

Sean F. Johnston.

in Holograms

December 2015; p ublished online November 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Science and Technology. 8373 words.

Holograms increasingly inhabited new cultural niches that were at odds with their origins. Competing notions about appropriate science and applications of holograms fostered distinct...

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Contagious Communities

Roberta Bivins.

September 2015; p ublished online September 2015 .

Book. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945); History of Science and Technology. 448 pages.

It was only a coincidence that the NHS and the Empire Windrush (carrying 492 migrants from Britain’s West Indian colonies) arrived together. As the ship’s passengers disembarked in June...

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medical community, the

Grace Budrys.

in Science, Technology, and Society

January 2005; p ublished online January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History of Science and Technology. 10961 words.

This entry includes two subentries Communication with the Public Health CommunicationThe current structure of the medical community was largely

The Human Community

Andrew Steane.

in Science and Humanity

July 2018; p ublished online July 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Science and Technology. 4797 words.

The chapter considers the worldwide community of people. Our evolutionary story is briefly sketched, and early human expression such as cave art. Our aesthetic ability, reasoning ability,...

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Between asylum and community

Val Harrington.

in Mental health nursing

September 2015; p ublished online January 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Science and Technology. 9144 words.

The post-war history of mental health services is dominated by the shift from the mental hospital to the community; with a corresponding shift within nursing from asylum nurse to community...

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The “Living Community” in the Classroom

in Modern Nature

May 2009; p ublished online March 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Science and Technology. 15146 words.

This chapter investigates the transfer of the community concept into the setting of school reform via the curriculum proposed by Friedrich Junge and its reception within the communities of...

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Development of Wetland Plant Communities

Rebecca R. Sharitz and Steven C. Pennings.

in Ecology of Freshwater and Estuarine Wetlands

August 2007; p ublished online March 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Science and Technology. 25466 words.

Plant communities in different types of wetlands vary greatly in species composition, species richness, and productivity. They are influenced to varying degrees by a long list of abiotic...

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The Halle Orphanage as Scientific Community

Kelly Joan Whitmer.

May 2015; p ublished online January 2016 .

Book. Subjects: History of Science and Technology. 212 pages.

Observing at the Orphanage uncovers the crucial contributions of Halle’s Orphanage to the broader scientific enterprise of the early eighteenth century. Founded by a group of...

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The Conduct of Belief: Agnosticism, the Metaphysical Society, and the Formation of Intellectual Communities

Paul White.

in Victorian Scientific Naturalism

April 2014; p ublished online September 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Science and Technology. 9826 words.

This chapter uses the London Metaphysical Society, a community that cut across vocational and confessional boundaries, to re-examine the construct of “scientific naturalism” and the...

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women and minorities in the scientific community

Alondra Nelson and Lindsey J. Greene.

in Science, Technology, and Society

January 2005; p ublished online January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History of Science and Technology. 3592 words.

Gender, racial, and ethnic minorities have become an integral part of U.S. scientific communities since the late nineteenth and early

Resistance and Reconstruction: Emergence of a Domestic Community

Grace Yen Shen.

in Unearthing the Nation

January 2014; p ublished online May 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Science and Technology. 12051 words.

Chapter 5 examines how Chinese geologists dealt with the Japanese occupation of China’s coastal regions during the War of Resistance. The chapter describes the great inland migration of...

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Biological Individuality and Enkapsis: From Martin Heidenhain’s Synthesiology to the Völkisch National Community

Olivier Rieppel.

in Biological Individuality

May 2017; p ublished online January 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Science and Technology. 9036 words.

Enkapsis shows biological individuality to be hierarchically structured, and to be grounded not in intrinsic essential properties, but in relational properties, most notably the property of...

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Building Holographic Communities

SEAN F. JOHNSTON.

in Holographic Visions

April 2006; p ublished online January 2010 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Science and Technology. 10361 words.

This chapter explores the social strategies that caused holography to expand and consolidate during the 1970s to 1990s. Conferences, symposia, and other collections of holographers and...

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community and technology

Atsushi Akera.

in Science, Technology, and Society

January 2005; p ublished online January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History of Science and Technology. 3660 words.

One of the apocryphal tales in the science and technology studies literature is the story of a communal water pump

Building a Scientific Community

Kelly Joan Whitmer.

in The Halle Orphanage as Scientific Community

May 2015; p ublished online January 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Science and Technology. 7330 words.

This chapter focuses on the efforts of Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, Ehrenfried Walther von Tschirnhaus and the first director of the Orphanage, August Hermann Francke, to devise a “new way”...

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Upstream public engagement, downstream policy-making? The Brain Imaging Dialogue as a community of inquiry

Oliver Escobar.

in Science and Public Policy

July 2014; p ublished online October 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Public Policy; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; History of Science and Technology. 9214 words.

UK science and policy networks increasingly advocate ‘upstream public engagement’, that is, early public deliberation around potentially controversial science and technology. In the last...

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communication in the scientific community

Charles Bazerman.

in Science, Technology, and Society

January 2005; p ublished online January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History of Science and Technology. 3493 words.

The deeply social endeavors of science and technology are held together by communication that is both cooperative and competitive. To

Epistemic communities, European Union governance and the public voice

Anthony R Zito.

in Science and Public Policy

December 2001; p ublished online December 2001 .

Journal Article. Subjects: History of Science and Technology; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Public Policy. 0 words.

This article presents a theoretical examination of the role that expert groups, particularly ‘epistemic communities’ and ‘advocacy coalitions’, play in the European Union (EU) process. It...

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Tensions in the research council-research community relationship

Magnus Gulbrandsen.

in Science and Public Policy

June 2005; p ublished online June 2005 .

Journal Article. Subjects: History of Science and Technology; Innovation; Technological Change; Research and Development; Public Policy. 0 words.

Research councils have often met difficult balancing acts, for instance between basic and applied research, disciplinary and cross-disciplinary work, and trade-off decisions about review...

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