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community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

See overview in Oxford Index

Children as Research Partners in Community Pediatrics

Adam Braddock.

in Human Subjects Research Regulation

September 2014; p ublished online January 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Bioethics. 4965 words.

This chapter provides a framework for thinking about community research partnerships with children. It begins by briefly reviewing the federal regulations governing research with children....

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Mandating Consent for Future Research with Biospecimens: A Call for Enhanced Community Engagement

Carol Weil, Hilary Shutak, Benjamin Fombonne and Nicole Lockhart.

in Human Subjects Research Regulation

September 2014; p ublished online January 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Bioethics. 5509 words.

The use of human biological samples in medical research has the potential to transform our understanding of health and disease in the age of the genome, but the collection and banking of...

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The Role of Community

Autumn Alcott Ridenour and Lisa Sowle Cahill.

in Dying in the Twenty-First Century

June 2015; p ublished online January 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Bioethics. 8747 words.

Autumn Ridenour and Lisa Cahill address the role of community in the articulation of a contemporary art of dying. They question whether conventional interpretations of patient autonomy best...

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The Place of Community in Medical Encounters*

D. Micah Hester.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

January 1998; p ublished online January 1998 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 0 words.

Disease and injury creates a break between the individual and the community which compromises the individual's status within the community as well as the integrity of the self as a...

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Involving Communities in Deciding What Benefits They Receive in Multinational Research

David Wendler and Seema Shah.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

October 2015; p ublished online July 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 7402 words.

There is wide agreement that communities in lower-income countries should benefit when they participate in multinational research. Debate now focuses on how and to what extent these...

Early adopters of the magical thinking cap: a study on do-it-yourself (DIY) transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) user community

Anita Jwa.

in Journal of Law and the Biosciences

July 2015; p ublished online June 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical and Healthcare Law; Bioethics. 13509 words.

Among currently available technologies, transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is one of the most promising neuroenhancements because it is relatively effective, safe, and...

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What They Mean by “Good Science’: The Medical Community's Response to Boutique Fetal Ultrasounds

Michal S. Raucher.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

October 2009; p ublished online August 2009 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 7389 words.

Since 1994, when the first fetal imaging boutique appeared in Texas, many sites have been established around the country for parents to receive nonmedical fetal imaging using three- and...

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The regulation of consumer tDCS: engaging a community of creative self-experimenters

Nick J. Davis.

in Journal of Law and the Biosciences

August 2016; p ublished online April 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical and Healthcare Law; Bioethics. 2522 words.

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Health Care for Children: A Community Perspective

Daniel Callahan.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

January 2001; p ublished online January 2001 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 0 words.

There are two puzzles about health care for children that need explanation. Why is it the sentimentality Americans express about children has not been backed by solid health care programs?...

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Pragmatic Bioethics and the Big Fat Moral Community

Griffin Trotter.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

January 2003; p ublished online January 2003 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 0 words.

By articulating a Peircean strain of bioethical inquiry, Elizabeth Cooke admirably attempts to avert the anti-realism, subjectivism and focus on consensus that afflict much so-called...

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Euroscreen 2: Towards Community Policy on Insurance, Commercialization and Public Awareness

Ruth Chadwick, Henk ten Have, Rogeer Hoedemaekers, Jørgen Husted, Mairi Levitt, Tony McGleenan, Darren Shickle and Urban Wiesing.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

January 2001; p ublished online January 2001 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 0 words.

The project Euroscreen 2 has examined genetic screening and testing with particular reference to implications for insurance, commercialization through marketing of genetic tests direct to...

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The Patentability of Human Genes: An Ethical Debate in the European Community

Jose Elizalde.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

January 1998; p ublished online January 1998 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 0 words.

The European Parliament rejected in 1995 the European Commission proposal to harmonize legal protection of biotechnological inventions. Although it did not seem initially the most...

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Has Something Important Happened to Scientific Ethics?

Barbara K. Redman.

in Research Misconduct Policy in Biomedicine

October 2013; p ublished online May 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Bioethics. 4292 words.

Does the persistence of research misconduct cases represent a deterioration of ethical standards or a decline in the ability of the scientific community to self-regulate? Are scientific...

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Toward a New Ethical Framework for the Art of Dying Well

Lydia S. Dugdale.

in Dying in the Twenty-First Century

June 2015; p ublished online January 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Bioethics. 7517 words.

In the concluding chapter, the volume editor Lydia Dugdale collects the themes that emerge from the preceding chapters and shows how together they might contribute to the rediscovery of an...

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The Elderly and Dementia

Daniel Callahan.

in Dying in the Twenty-First Century

June 2015; p ublished online January 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Bioethics. 4847 words.

Daniel Callahan addresses special concerns at the opposite end of the spectrum. He invites the reader into a discussion of grief and of Alzheimer’s dementia, of the moral problems facing...

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New Technologies, Public Perceptions, and Ethics

Brian Johnson.

in The Ethics of Protocells

April 2009; p ublished online August 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Bioethics. 4879 words.

This chapter argues for the wisdom of proactive engagement with stakeholders. It examines the possible public attitudes toward new technologies for constructing protocells. This chapter...

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Dying in the Twenty-First Century

Edited by Lydia M.D. Dugdale.

June 2015; p ublished online January 2016 .

Book. Subjects: Bioethics. 224 pages.

Most of us are generally ill-equipped for dying. Today, we neither see death nor prepare for it. But this has not always been the case. In the early fifteenth century, the Catholic Church...

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The Psychological Impact of Rape Victims’ Experiences with the Legal, Medical, and Mental Health Systems

Rebecca Campbell.

in Applied Ethics in Mental Health Care

November 2013; p ublished online May 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Bioethics. 12106 words.

This review article examines rape victims’ experiences seeking post-assault assistance from the legal, medical, and mental health systems and how those interactions impact their...

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Ritual and Practice

M. Therese Lysaught.

in Dying in the Twenty-First Century

June 2015; p ublished online January 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Bioethics. 7798 words.

M. Therese Lysaught argues that, whereas rituals and practices had played important roles in the art of dying from the Middle Ages until the early twentieth century, today they are...

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Epilogue

Sheldon Krimsky.

in Stem Cell Dialogues

June 2015; p ublished online November 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Bioethics. 1488 words.

This book has explored the science and ethics behind stem cells, as well as the excitement and optimism within the scientific community about the role stem cells would someday play in...

Go to Columbia University Press »  abstract