Oxford Index Search Results

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community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

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Nested Communities

James MacAllister.

in Chimeras and Consciousness

April 2011; p ublished online August 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology. 5739 words.

This chapter deals with the state of the interdisciplinary appreciation of group actions in natural communities through geological time. It reveals that the role in the evolution of...

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Evolutionary Ecology of Communities

Jeannine Cavender-Bares, Shan Kothari and Will Pearse.

in Evolutionary Biology

P ublished online July 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology. 14250 words.

Ecological communities are composed of interacting or potentially interacting organisms. Communities do not evolve per se; rather, they shift in composition, diversity, and structure...

Differentiating in the Community

Mark A. McPeek.

in Evolutionary Community Ecology

August 2017; p ublished online May 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology. 18778 words.

This chapter explores the evolutionary dynamics that arise when different types of species mix together in a community either by invasion or by perturbation, as well as community mixing...

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Moving among Communities

Mark A. McPeek.

in Evolutionary Community Ecology

August 2017; p ublished online May 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology. 15323 words.

This chapter examines the ecological and evolutionary dynamics of species across a metacommunity, and how these dynamics affect regional community structure. It begins with a discussion of...

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Evolutionary Community Ecology

Mark A. McPeek.

August 2017; p ublished online May 2018 .

Book. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology. 336 pages.

This book develops a unified framework for understanding the structure of ecological community and the dynamics of natural selection that shape the evolution of the species inhabiting them....

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Evolving in the Community

Mark A. McPeek.

in Evolutionary Community Ecology

August 2017; p ublished online May 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology. 24004 words.

This chapter examines how species in simple community modules evolve in order to adapt to one another. It first considers the ecological basis of natural selection before discussing the...

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Ecological Opportunities, Communities, and Evolution

Mark A. McPeek.

in Evolutionary Community Ecology

August 2017; p ublished online May 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology. 9432 words.

This book investigates how local and regional patterns of community structure develop across space and through time by focusing on the theoretical interrelationships among community...

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The Community of Ecological Opportunities

Mark A. McPeek.

in Evolutionary Community Ecology

August 2017; p ublished online May 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology. 20701 words.

This chapter examines ecological opportunities that are available to species in various positions within a biological community, with particular emphasis on identifying the criteria...

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New Species for the Community

Mark A. McPeek.

in Evolutionary Community Ecology

August 2017; p ublished online May 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology. 15946 words.

This chapter considers the main processes that operate at the regional and biogeographic scales to ultimately shape local community structure—namely, speciation and biogeographic mixing of...

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Mutualism in a community context

Todd M. Palmer, Elizabeth G. Pringle, Adrian Stier and Robert D. Holt.

in Mutualism

July 2015; p ublished online September 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Animal Pathology and Diseases; Evolutionary Biology. 14039 words.

There are two broad questions that can be asked about the relationship of mutualism and community ecology: What do community interactions do for mutualisms? Conversely, what do mutualisms...

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Measuring Community Similarity with Phylogenetic Networks

Donovan H. Parks and Robert G. Beiko.

in Molecular Biology and Evolution

December 2012; p ublished online August 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Molecular and Cell Biology. 7369 words.

Environmental drivers of biodiversity can be identified by relating patterns of community similarity to ecological factors. Community variation has traditionally been assessed by...

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Predicting evolution in diverse communities

Timothy G. Barraclough.

in The Evolutionary Biology of Species

June 2019; p ublished online August 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Biodiversity and Conservation Biology; Evolutionary Biology; Genetics and Genomics. 9228 words.

Following the outline of basic theory and evidence in chapters 7 and 8, this chapter sets the challenge of attempting to predict evolutionary dynamics in realistically diverse communities....

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Community gene annotation in practice

Jane E. Loveland, James G.R. Gilbert, Ed Griffiths and Jennifer L. Harrow.

in Database

P ublished online February 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Bioinformatics and Computational Biology; Ecology and Conservation; Evolutionary Biology. 3946 words.

Manual annotation of genomic data is extremely valuable to produce an accurate reference gene set but is expensive compared with automatic methods and so has been limited to model...

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The Stability of Ecological Communities as an Agent of Evolutionary Selection

Peter D. Roopnarine and Kenneth D. Angielczyk.

in Evolutionary Theory

September 2016; p ublished online May 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology. 9455 words.

A series of six terrestrial communities spanning the Middle Permian to the M. Triassic from the Karoo Basin of South Africa display greater stability, both in terms of transient dynamics...

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Latitudinal Variation of Body Size in Land Snail Populations and Communities

Jeffrey C. Nekola, Gary M. Barker, Robert A. D. Cameron and Beata M. Pokryszko.

in Animal Body Size

August 2013; p ublished online January 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology. 6915 words.

This chapter examines the nature and underlying mechanisms for body size vs. latitude relationships in land snail populations and communities observed across large extents (>2,500 km) in...

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Community structure in ecological assemblages of desert rodents

Bader H Alhajeri and Scott J Steppan.

in Biological Journal of the Linnean Society

June 2018; p ublished online June 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Natural History; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 6472 words.

Abstract

Global desert rodent communities were examined for evidence of phylogenetic and morphological community structure. Using geographical distribution...

Acidophilic terrestrial gastropod communities of North America

Jeffrey C. Nekola.

in Journal of Molluscan Studies

May 2010; p ublished online January 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Aquatic Biology; Evolutionary Biology; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 8399 words.

Habitats with soil pH < 4 and Ca < 100 ppm, such as pocosins, Sphagnum bogs and heathlands, would appear inimical to land-snail biodiversity. Nevertheless, a survey of 1,356 sites, c. 1/2...

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LAND SNAIL COMMUNITIES IN MEDITERRANEAN UPLAND GRASSLANDS

CORINNE LABAUNE and FRÉDÉRIC MAGNIN.

in Journal of Molluscan Studies

November 2001; p ublished online November 2001 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Aquatic Biology; Evolutionary Biology; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 0 words.

It is difficult to define precisely determinant environmental factors that explain land snail distribution and abundance, and most variables are often interrelated. In addition, studies...

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Crown Architecture and Species Coexistence in Plant Communities

MASAYUKI YOKOZAWA, YASUHIRO KUBOTA and TOSHIHIKO HARA.

in Annals of Botany

October 1996; p ublished online October 1996 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Ecology and Conservation; Evolutionary Biology; Plant Sciences and Forestry. 0 words.

The relationships between crown architecture and species coexistence were studied using the diffusion model and the canopy photosynthesis model for multi-species plant communities. The...

Detecting Concerted Demographic Response across Community Assemblages Using Hierarchical Approximate Bayesian Computation

Yvonne L. Chan, David Schanzenbach and Michael J. Hickerson.

in Molecular Biology and Evolution

September 2014; p ublished online June 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Molecular and Cell Biology. 8404 words.

Methods that integrate population-level sampling from multiple taxa into a single community-level analysis are an essential addition to the comparative phylogeographic toolkit. Detecting...

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