Oxford Index Search Results

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community x Research Methods in Life Sciences x clear all

community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

See overview in Oxford Index

The Altered Schaedler Flora: Continued Applications of a Defined Murine Microbial Community

Meghan Wymore Brand, Michael J. Wannemuehler, Gregory J. Phillips, Alexandra Proctor, Anne-Marie Overstreet, Albert E. Jergens, Roger P. Orcutt and James G. Fox.

in ILAR Journal

August 2015; p ublished online August 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Research Methods in Life Sciences. 7000 words.

The gastrointestinal (GI) microbiota forms a mutualistic relationship with the host through complex and dynamic interactions. Because of the complexity and interindividual variation of the...

Mouse Genome Informatics (MGI) Resource: Genetic, Genomic, and Biological Knowledgebase for the Laboratory Mouse

Janan T. Eppig.

in ILAR Journal

July 2017; p ublished online June 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Research Methods in Life Sciences. 16814 words.

Abstract

The Mouse Genome Informatics (MGI) Resource supports basic, translational, and computational research by providing high-quality, integrated data on...

Rapid quantitative profiling of complex microbial populations

Chana Palmer, Elisabeth M. Bik, Michael B. Eisen, Paul B. Eckburg, Theodore R. Sana, Paul K. Wolber, David A. Relman and Patrick O. Brown.

in Nucleic Acids Research

January 2006; p ublished online January 2006 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Research Methods in Life Sciences. 6277 words.

Diverse and complex microbial ecosystems are found in virtually every environment on earth, yet we know very little about their composition and ecology. Comprehensive identification and...

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Systems Biology of the Vervet Monkey

Anna J. Jasinska, Christopher A. Schmitt, Susan K. Service, Rita M. Cantor, Ken Dewar, James D. Jentsch, Jay R. Kaplan, Trudy R. Turner, Wesley C. Warren, George M. Weinstock, Roger P. Woods and Nelson B. Freimer.

in ILAR Journal

January 2013; p ublished online January 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Research Methods in Life Sciences. 15484 words.

Nonhuman primates (NHP) provide crucial biomedical model systems intermediate between rodents and humans. The vervet monkey (also called the African green ...

Accelerating Biomedical Discoveries through Rigor and Transparency

Judith A. Hewitt, Liliana L. Brown, Stephanie J. Murphy, Franziska Grieder and Shai D. Silberberg.

in ILAR Journal

July 2017; p ublished online May 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Research Methods in Life Sciences. 9770 words.

Abstract

Difficulties in reproducing published research findings have garnered a lot of press in recent years. As a funder of biomedical research, the National...

The Role of the IACUC in the Design and Conduct of Animal Experiments that Contribute to Translational Success

J.I. Everitt and B.R. Berridge.

in ILAR Journal

July 2017; p ublished online July 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Research Methods in Life Sciences. 5088 words.

Abstract

Institutional Animal Care and Use Committees (IACUCs) have a mandated role under the Animal Welfare Act and under Public Health Service Policy to...

Considerations in the Selection and Conditioning of Old World Monkeys for Laboratory Research: Animals from Domestic Sources

John P. Capitanio, Randall C. Kyes and Lynn A. Fairbanks.

in ILAR Journal

January 2006; p ublished online January 2006 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Research Methods in Life Sciences. 10991 words.

Nonhuman primates from domestic sources constitute an important resource for the research community. The life history of the Old World monkey species that comprise the bulk of this resource...

Fundamental Approaches to the Study of Zebrafi sh Nutrition

Stephen A. Watts, Mickie Powell and Louis R. D'Abramo.

in ILAR Journal

June 2012; p ublished online June 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Research Methods in Life Sciences. 0 words.

The value of the zebrafish model has been well established. However, culture variability within and among laboratories remains a concern, particularly as it relates to nutrition....

Setting Up an Ethics of Ecosystem Research Structure Based on the Precautionary Principle

Michael C. Farmer.

in ILAR Journal

January 2013; p ublished online January 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Research Methods in Life Sciences. 3610 words.

Ethical practices in ecological field research differ from those in laboratory research in more than the technical setting and the important distinction between population-level and...

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Intestinal Microbiota in Animal Models of Inflammatory Diseases

G. Hörmannsperger, M. Schaubeck and D. Haller.

in ILAR Journal

August 2015; p ublished online August 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Research Methods in Life Sciences. 7274 words.

The intestinal microbiota has long been known to play an important role in the maintenance of health. In addition, alterations of the intestinal microbiota have recently been associated...

Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee Considerations for the Use of Wildlife in Research and Education

Robert S. Sikes and John A. Bryan.

in ILAR Journal

February 2016; p ublished online February 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Research Methods in Life Sciences. 6065 words.

Ethical and effective oversight of the use of wildlife species in research and education requires consideration of issues and methods not relevant to work with traditional laboratory or...

A novel conceptual approach to read-filtering in high-throughput amplicon sequencing studies

Fernando Puente-Sánchez, Jacobo Aguirre and Víctor Parro.

in Nucleic Acids Research

February 2016; p ublished online November 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Research Methods in Life Sciences. 7513 words.

Adequate read filtering is critical when processing high-throughput data in marker-gene-based studies. Sequencing errors can cause the mis-clustering of otherwise similar reads,...

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An open-access long oligonucleotide microarray resource for analysis of the human and mouse transcriptomes

Kévin Le Brigand, Roslin Russell, Chimène Moreilhon, Jean-Marie Rouillard, Bernard Jost, Franck Amiot, Virginie Magnone, Christine Bole-Feysot, Philippe Rostagno, Virginie Virolle, Virginie Defamie, Philippe Dessen, Gary Williams, Paul Lyons, Géraldine Rios, Bernard Mari, Erdogan Gulari, Philippe Kastner, Xavier Gidrol, Tom C. Freeman and Pascal Barbry.

in Nucleic Acids Research

January 2006; p ublished online January 2006 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Research Methods in Life Sciences. 9647 words.

Two collections of oligonucleotides have been designed for preparing pangenomic human and mouse microarrays. A total of 148 993 and 121 703 oligonucleotides were designed against human and...

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Old World Monkeys and New Age Science: The Evolution of Nonhuman Primate Systems Virology

Robert E. Palermo, Jennifer Tisoncik-Go, Marcus J. Korth and Michael G. Katze.

in ILAR Journal

January 2013; p ublished online January 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Research Methods in Life Sciences. 13282 words.

Nonhuman primate (NHP) biomedical models are critical to our understanding of human health and disease, yet we are still in the early stages of developing ...

Manipulating the Gut Microbiota: Methods and Challenges

Aaron C. Ericsson and Craig L. Franklin.

in ILAR Journal

August 2015; p ublished online August 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Research Methods in Life Sciences. 12423 words.

Eukaryotic organisms are colonized by rich and dynamic communities of microbes, both internally (e.g., in the gastrointestinal and respiratory tracts) and externally (e.g., on skin and...

Zebrafish Models of Human Disease: Gaining Insight into Human Disease at ZFIN

Yvonne M. Bradford, Sabrina Toro, Sridhar Ramachandran, Leyla Ruzicka, Douglas G. Howe, Anne Eagle, Patrick Kalita, Ryan Martin, Sierra A. Taylor Moxon, Kevin Schaper and Monte Westerfield.

in ILAR Journal

July 2017; p ublished online July 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Research Methods in Life Sciences. 7583 words.

Abstract

The Zebrafish Model Organism Database (ZFIN; https://zfin.org) is the central resource for genetic, genomic, and phenotypic data for zebrafish (Danio...

RiboFR-Seq: a novel approach to linking 16S rRNA amplicon profiles to metagenomes

Yanming Zhang, Peifeng Ji, Jinfeng Wang and Fangqing Zhao.

in Nucleic Acids Research

June 2016; p ublished online March 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Genetics and Genomics; Research Methods in Life Sciences. 8867 words.

16S rRNA amplicon analysis and shotgun metagenome sequencing are two main culture-independent strategies to explore the genetic landscape of various microbial communities. Recently,...

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Big Data in Environment and Human Health

Lora Fleming, Niccolò Tempini, Harriet Gordon-Brown, Gordon L. Nichols, Christophe Sarran, Paolo Vineis, Giovanni Leonardi, Brian Golding, Andy Haines, Anthony Kessel, Virginia Murray, Michael Depledge and Sabina Leonelli.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online July 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Social Impact of Environmental Issues (Environmental Science); Research Methods in Life Sciences. 9923 words.

Big data refers to large, complex, potentially linkable data from diverse sources, ranging from the genome and social media, to individual health information and the...

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Market Failures, the Environment, and Human Health

Karyn Morrissey.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online May 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Social Impact of Environmental Issues (Environmental Science); Research Methods in Life Sciences. 5341 words.

Knowledge of the important role that the environment plays in determining human health predates the modern public health era. However, the tendency to see health, disease, and their...

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Accurate multiplexing and filtering for high-throughput amplicon-sequencing

Philippe Esling, Franck Lejzerowicz and Jan Pawlowski.

in Nucleic Acids Research

March 2015; p ublished online February 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Genetics and Genomics; Bioinformatics and Computational Biology; Research Methods in Life Sciences. 8065 words.

Tagging amplicons with tag sequences appended to PCR primers allow the multiplexing of numerous samples for high-throughput sequencing (HTS). This approach is routinely used in HTS-based...

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