Oxford Index Search Results

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community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

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Community dynamics

Russell Lande, Steinar Engen and Bernt-Erik SÆther.

in Stochastic Population Dynamics in Ecology and Conservation

April 2003; p ublished online April 2010 .

Chapter. Subjects: Animal Pathology and Diseases. 8855 words.

Most of conservation biology deals with one species at a time. However, increasing attention is being devoted to the conservation and restoration of landscapes, communities and ecosystems,...

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Community Ecology

Edited by Herman A. Verhoef and Peter J. Morin.

November 2009; p ublished online February 2010 .

Book. Subjects: Animal Pathology and Diseases. 264 pages.

Community ecology is the study of the interactions between populations of coexisting species. This book provides a state of the art in theory, models and applications of community ecology,...

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Community Structure

Andrew P. Hendry.

in Eco-evolutionary Dynamics

December 2016; p ublished online January 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Animal Pathology and Diseases. 14292 words.

This chapter begins with an outline of mathematical approaches for evaluating how genotypes/phenotypes might alter community structure, which points to predictions about when such effects...

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Community ecology

Otso Ovaskainen, Henrik Johan de Knegt and Maria del Mar Delgado.

in Quantitative Ecology and Evolutionary Biology

May 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Animal Pathology and Diseases; Biomathematics and Statistics. 18631 words.

This chapter introduces mathematical and statistical modelling approaches in community ecology. It starts with a conceptual section, continues with mathematical and statistical sections,...

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Community Dynamics and Stability

Eric Post.

in Ecology of Climate Change

August 2013; p ublished online October 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Animal Pathology and Diseases. 20183 words.

This chapter explores the implications of climate change for community composition, dynamics, and stability. It also looks at further examples in which climatic variability mediates...

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Mutualisms and community organization

David Kothamasi, E. Toby Kiers and Marcel G.A. van der Heijden.

in Community Ecology

November 2009; p ublished online February 2010 .

Chapter. Subjects: Animal Pathology and Diseases. 7759 words.

A major aim in ecology is to understand the determinants of plant community structure. Here we focus on mutualisms and how these positive interactions between distinct species influence...

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Diversity and Community Structure

Karen J. Esler, Anna L. Jacobsen and R. Brandon Pratt.

in The Biology of Mediterranean-Type Ecosystems

March 2018; p ublished online April 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Animal Pathology and Diseases. 13866 words.

Similar drivers across mediterranean-type climate (MTC) regions have selected for plants with comparable traits (Chapters 3 and 6). This has resulted in the assembly of MTC region plant...

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The Phenological Community

Eric Post.

in Time in Ecology

January 2019; p ublished online May 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Animal Pathology and Diseases. 5163 words.

This chapter studies how the concept of phenological community relates to the utilization of time by species that co-occur in the local assemblage. It also examines the consequences for...

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Species Sorting in Communities

Jonathan M. Chase and Mathew A. Leibold.

in Ecological Niches

July 2003; p ublished online February 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Animal Pathology and Diseases. 6374 words.

Ecologists have wrestled with a number of methods to study more complex communities, each of which has its own strengths and weaknesses. This chapter illustrates how the niche concept can...

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Phylogenetic Patterns within Communities

Marc W. Cadotte and T. Jonathan Davies.

in Phylogenies in Ecology

August 2016; p ublished online January 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Animal Pathology and Diseases. 9806 words.

This chapter discusses the use of phylogenetic distances to infer mechanisms of ecological assembly. Mechanisms influencing patterns of community assembly act on the ecological similarities...

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Trophic dynamics of communities

Herman A. Verhoef and Han Olff.

in Community Ecology

November 2009; p ublished online February 2010 .

Chapter. Subjects: Animal Pathology and Diseases. 4799 words.

Although much of the attention to the trophic dynamics of communities is theoretical, empirical data on the different types of dynamics and the underlying mechanisms are increasingly...

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Plankton Populations and Communities

William K. W. Li.

in Marine Macroecology

October 2009; p ublished online February 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Animal Pathology and Diseases. 13822 words.

Patterns in ecology are not easily discerned. Some, such as the allometric scaling of abundance to body size, are clearly evident in the marine plankton. Others are not so obvious, but seem...

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Grazing in Kelp Communities

David R. Schiel and Michael S. Foster.

in The Biology and Ecology of Giant Kelp Forests

May 2015; p ublished online January 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Animal Pathology and Diseases. 8169 words.

This chapter examines the facilitative and competitive interactions in giant kelp communities. Broadly defined, facilitation denotes positive interactions between species where at least one...

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Community assembly and succession

Cang Hui and David M. Richardson.

in Invasion Dynamics

January 2017; p ublished online March 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Animal Pathology and Diseases; Biomathematics and Statistics. 16791 words.

Community ecology deals with the succession, coexistence, and diversity patterns of species at the assembly level. Community assembly rules are hypotheses, often supported by limited...

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Some Representative Subterranean Communities

David C. Culver and Tanja Pipan.

in The Biology of Caves and Other Subterranean Habitats

April 2019; p ublished online June 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Biodiversity and Conservation Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 6806 words.

Among shallow subterranean habitats, representative communities of hypotelminorheic (Lower Potomac seeps, Washington, DC), epikarst (Postojna–Planina Cave System, Slovenia), milieu...

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Evolutionary processes in community ecology

Jacintha Ellers.

in Community Ecology

November 2009; p ublished online February 2010 .

Chapter. Subjects: Animal Pathology and Diseases. 6739 words.

The disciplines of community ecology and evolutionary biology have fundamentally different perspectives, but share a common interest in the maintenance and effects of diversity. An emerging...

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Community assembly dynamics in space

Tadashi Fukami.

in Community Ecology

November 2009; p ublished online February 2010 .

Chapter. Subjects: Animal Pathology and Diseases. 5609 words.

This chapter discusses how the spatial scale at which the assembly of ecological communities occurs may influence the degree of determinism and historical contingency in community...

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Emerging frontiers of community ecology

Peter J. Morin.

in Community Ecology

November 2009; p ublished online February 2010 .

Chapter. Subjects: Animal Pathology and Diseases. 4090 words.

Community ecology is progressing in a number of important new directions. Among many possible future directions, I focus first on the important topic of biotic invasions, since they alter...

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Structure and function in communities

Nico M. van Straalen and Dick Roelofs.

in An Introduction to Ecological Genomics

October 2011; p ublished online December 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Animal Pathology and Diseases. 26998 words.

This chapter begins with an account of the biodiversity and ecosystem functioning synthetic framework, the theory in which ecologists have formulated a range of hypotheses about the...

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Community Succession, Assembly, and Biodiversity

Jonathan M. Chase and Mathew A. Leibold.

in Ecological Niches

July 2003; p ublished online February 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Animal Pathology and Diseases. 7887 words.

This chapter uses the species sorting process discussed in Chapter 7 to illuminate several processes of interest to community ecologists. Specifically, it discusses how species composition...

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