Oxford Index Search Results

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community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

See overview in Oxford Index

Pit fights: predators in evolutionarily independent communities

Keren Embar, Burt P Kotler, Sonny S Bleicher and Joel S Brown.

in Journal of Mammalogy

October 2018; p ublished online July 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences; Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology; Animal Ecology; Animal Physiology; Mammalogy. 4861 words.

Abstract

Sidewinders (Crotalus cerastes) and Saharan horned vipers (Cerastes cerastes) have evolved to hunt desert rodents on different continents in...

The roles of community diversity and contact rates on pathogen prevalence

M. Denise Dearing, Christy Clay, Erin Lehmer and Laurie Dizney.

in Journal of Mammalogy

February 2015; p ublished online March 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences; Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology; Animal Ecology; Animal Physiology; Mammalogy. 6586 words.

The complexity of a community can play a fundamental role in the prevalence of pathogens by altering interactions among hosts and pathogen transmission. Information on the frequency of...

Micro- and Macrohabitat Associations in Mojave Desert Rodent Communities

Richard D. Stevens and J. SebastiÁn Tello.

in Journal of Mammalogy

April 2009; p ublished online April 2009 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences; Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology; Animal Ecology; Animal Physiology; Mammalogy. 8406 words.

Characterizing habitat associations of species is fundamental to understanding the mechanistic basis of community organization. Typically, investigators estimate microhabitat...

Comparison of Sampling Methods for Inventory of Bat Communities

Carles Flaquer, Ignacio Torre and Antoni Arrizabalaga.

in Journal of Mammalogy

April 2007; p ublished online April 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences; Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology; Animal Ecology; Animal Physiology; Mammalogy. 5326 words.

From 1999 to 2005, we sampled the bat fauna of Catalonia (northeastern Spain, Mediterranean region) using 3 methods (bat detectors, mist nets, and roost surveys) and determined the total...

Ecology of Glaucomys sabrinus: Habitat, Demography, and Community Relations

Winston P. Smith.

in Journal of Mammalogy

August 2007; p ublished online August 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences; Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology; Animal Ecology; Animal Physiology; Mammalogy. 16392 words.

A common arboreal rodent of boreal and montane coniferous forests, the northern flying squirrel (Glaucomys sabrinus) has several life-history traits typical of K-selected species. Density...

Investigating sensitivity of phylogenetic community structure metrics using North American desert bats

Lorelei E. Patrick and Richard D. Stevens.

in Journal of Mammalogy

December 2014; p ublished online December 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences; Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology; Animal Ecology; Animal Physiology; Mammalogy. 8610 words.

A relatively recent approach to characterizing structure of natural communities is to use phylogenies of species pools to compare patterns of relatedness between real and simulated...

Comparative Community Ecology of Bats from Eastern Paraguay: Taxonomic, Ecological, and Biogeographic Perspectives

Richard D. Stevens, Michael R. Willig and Isabel Gamarra de Fox.

in Journal of Mammalogy

August 2004; p ublished online August 2004 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences; Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology; Animal Ecology; Animal Physiology; Mammalogy. 7395 words.

Based on more than a year and a half of intensive fieldwork, we document the community structure of bats at 2 sites (Reserva Natural del Bosque Mbaracayú and Yaguareté Forests) in eastern...

Diversity begets diversity: relative roles of structural and resource heterogeneity in determining rodent community structure

Richard D. Stevens and J. Sebastián Tello.

in Journal of Mammalogy

April 2011; p ublished online April 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences; Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology; Animal Ecology; Animal Physiology; Mammalogy. 5549 words.

Environmental heterogeneity is an important determinant of the diversity of natural communities. Effects of heterogeneity can emanate from complementary effects of resource heterogeneity...

Habitat associations and assemblages of small mammals in natural plant communities of Wisconsin

Ryan B. Stephens and Eric M. Anderson.

in Journal of Mammalogy

April 2014; p ublished online April 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences; Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology; Animal Ecology; Animal Physiology; Mammalogy. 10994 words.

Determining habitat associations of small mammal species and environmental characteristics important for site occupancy are central to understanding species biology and community...

Spatial heterogeneity and stability of bacterial community in the gastrointestinal tracts of broiler chickens

J. H. Choi, G. B. Kim and C. J. Cha.

in Poultry Science

August 2014; p ublished online July 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences; Animal Pathology and Diseases; Animal Physiology; Ornithology; Veterinary Medicine. 4716 words.

Bacterial communities in the different regions of gastrointestinal tract (GIT) of broiler chickens were analyzed by pyrosequencing approach to understand microbial composition and...

Heterogeneous size datasets of broiler intestinal microbial communities can be analyzed without normalization

I. Aranda-Olmedo and L. A. Rubio.

in Poultry Science

October 2016; p ublished online January 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences; Animal Pathology and Diseases; Animal Physiology; Ornithology; Veterinary Medicine. 3365 words.

Next-generation sequencing technologies have become a powerful tool for the analysis of microbial communities. Sequencing of the hypervariable regions of the 16S ribosomal RNA gene...

Prey choice and diet of wolves related to ungulate communities and wolf subpopulations in Poland

Włodzimierz Jędrzejewski, Magdalena Niedziałkowska, Matthew W. Hayward, Jacek Goszczyński, Bogumiła Jędrzejewska, Tomasz Borowik, Kamil A. Bartoń, Sabina Nowak, Joanna Harmuszkiewicz, Andrzej Juszczyk, Tomasz Kałamarz, Agnieszka Kloch, Joanna Koniuch, Katarzyna Kotiuk, Robert W. Mysłajek, Monika Nędzyńska, Anna Olczyk, Marta Teleon and Mariusz Wojtulewicz.

in Journal of Mammalogy

December 2012; p ublished online December 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences; Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology; Animal Ecology; Animal Physiology; Mammalogy. 8605 words.

Wolves (Canis lupus) belong to 3 genetically distinct subpopulations despite the absence of topographic barriers limiting dispersal. Based on data on wolf diets from 13 localities and wolf...

Small mammal community structure and dynamics in aridlands: overall patterns and contrasts with Southern Hemispheric systems

Peter L. Meserve, Christopher R. Dickman and Douglas A. Kelt.

in Journal of Mammalogy

December 2011; p ublished online December 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences; Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology; Animal Ecology; Animal Physiology; Mammalogy. 1585 words.

Aridlands offer unique opportunities to compare effects of history, evolution, and local geography on assemblage and dynamics of small mammal communities that have severe environmental...

Does Differential Exploitation of Folivory Promote Coexistence in an African Savanna Granivorous Rodent Community?

Anouska A. Kinahan and Neville Pillay.

in Journal of Mammalogy

February 2008; p ublished online February 2008 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences; Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology; Animal Ecology; Animal Physiology; Mammalogy. 4149 words.

Using a comparative approach, we examined the gut morphology of 6 ecologically similar rodent species coexisting in an African savanna. Although all species are primarily granivores, we...

The effects of prescribed fire on bat communities in the longleaf pine sandhills ecosystem

David W. Armitage and Holly K. Ober.

in Journal of Mammalogy

February 2012; p ublished online February 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences; Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology; Animal Ecology; Animal Physiology; Mammalogy. 9181 words.

The historical exclusion of fire from the longleaf pine-wiregrass (sandhills) ecosystem has resulted in a tremendous net loss of this important habitat. Prescribed fire is recognized as an...

Effects of fire on small mammal communities in frequent-fire forests in California

Susan L. Roberts, Douglas A. Kelt, Jan W. van Wagtendonk, A. Keith Miles and Marc D. Meyer.

in Journal of Mammalogy

February 2015; p ublished online March 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences; Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology; Animal Ecology; Animal Physiology; Mammalogy. 9562 words.

Fire is a natural, dynamic process that is integral to maintaining ecosystem function. The reintroduction of fire (e.g., prescribed fire, managed wildfire) is a critical management tool for...

Diet and Trophic Structure in a Community of Fruit-Eating Bats in Lacandon Forest, México

Anders Gonçalves da Silva, Osiris Gaona and Rodrigo A. Medellín.

in Journal of Mammalogy

February 2008; p ublished online February 2008 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences; Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology; Animal Ecology; Animal Physiology; Mammalogy. 4776 words.

Assemblages of neotropical frugivorous bats display a trophic structure composed of groups of species reflecting diet preferences. The structure is hypothesized to be an ancestral trait,...

Quantifying the ecological success of a community-based wildlife conservation area in Tanzania

Derek E Lee and Monica L Bond.

in Journal of Mammalogy

April 2018; p ublished online February 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences; Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology; Animal Ecology; Animal Physiology; Mammalogy. 3706 words.

Abstract

In Tanzania, community-based natural resource management of wildlife occurs through the creation of Wildlife Management Areas (WMAs). WMAs consist of...

Interspecific and intraspecific relationships between body mass and diet quality in a macropodid community

Sarah Garnick, Julian Di Stefano, Ben D Moore, Naomi E Davis, Mark A Elgar and Graeme Coulson.

in Journal of Mammalogy

April 2018; p ublished online January 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences; Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology; Animal Ecology; Animal Physiology; Mammalogy. 8438 words.

Abstract

The Jarman–Bell principle seeks to explain why smaller herbivore species tend to select higher-quality forage (high protein and high fiber...

Bottom-up regulation of desert grassland and shrubland rodent communities: implications of species-specific reproductive potentials

David C. Lightfoot, Ana D. Davidson, Dara G. Parker, Lucina HernÁndez and John W. LaundrÉ.

in Journal of Mammalogy

September 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences; Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology; Animal Ecology; Animal Physiology; Mammalogy. 7799 words.

We conducted an 11-year comparative study on temporal variation in rodent density, biomass, and species composition dynamics from adjacent grassland and shrubland environments in the...