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community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

See overview in Oxford Index

Critical Reflections on Participation in Design

Ina Wagner.

in Socio-Informatics

March 2018; p ublished online April 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Optimisation. 18251 words.

Participatory design has a strong moral and political commitment to including users in all design decisions from the start of a project. Hence, the ambition of participatory designers...

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Design, Action, and Practice

Gillian R. Hayes.

in Socio-Informatics

March 2018; p ublished online April 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Optimisation. 7920 words.

Action research (AR) is an approach to research that involves engaging with a community to address some problem or challenge, and through this problem-solving, to develop scholarly...

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Animal population social structure models

Thomas P. Wihler.

in IMA Journal of Applied Mathematics

June 2017; p ublished online February 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Applied Mathematics. 4184 words.

Abstract

We develop a new class of mathematical ranking models for the purpose of quantifying the social structure in animal populations. Our approach is based...

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Travelling wave solutions in a delayed predator–prey diffusion PDE system point-to-periodic and point-to-point waves

Dong Liang, Peixuan Weng and Jianhong Wu.

in IMA Journal of Applied Mathematics

June 2012; p ublished online July 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Applied Mathematics. 0 words.

In the paper, we develop a new method of combining the singular limit argument and the singular perturbation technique to establish the existence of the point-to-periodic heteroclinic...

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Turing instability and travelling waves in diffusive plankton models with delayed nutrient recycling

S Ruan.

in IMA Journal of Applied Mathematics

September 1998; p ublished online September 1998 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Applied Mathematics. 0 words.

In this paper we propose a reaction-diffusion system with two distributed delays to stimulate the growth of plankton communities in the lakes/oceans in which the plankton feeds on a limiting...

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Agent_Zero

Joshua M. Epstein.

February 2014; p ublished online October 2017 .

Book. Subjects: Applied Mathematics. 272 pages.

This book introduces a new theoretical entity: Agent_Zero. This software individual, or “agent,” is endowed with distinct emotional/affective, cognitive/deliberative, and social modules....

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Quantum Physics and Linguistics

Edited by Chris Heunen, Mehrnoosh Sadrzadeh and Edward Grefenstette.

February 2013; p ublished online May 2013 .

Book. Subjects: Applied Mathematics. 432 pages.

Quantum mechanics and linguistics appear to be quite unrelated at first sight. Yet significant parts of both concern compositional reasoning about the way information flows among subsystems...

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Specialization and diversity

in Complexity

July 2014; p ublished online July 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Mathematics; Applied Mathematics. 1848 words.

A multi-celled organism consists of specialized cells organized into a variety of communities. ‘Specialization and diversity’ shows that community-based organization extends both downward...

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Change Is Hard, but Possible

Ben Shneiderman.

in The New ABCs of Research

February 2016; p ublished online March 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Applied Mathematics; Logic. 1833 words.

The first step in making substantial change is to understand the status quo and then to offer a clear path forward to an attainable destination. In most established communities, devotion to...

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Games User Research

Edited by Anders Drachen, Pejman Mirza-Babaei and Lennart Nacke.

January 2018; p ublished online March 2018 .

Book. Subjects: Logic; Optimisation. 560 pages.

Today, Games User Research forms an integral component of the development of any kind of interactive entertainment. User research stands as the primary source of business intelligence in...

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Geriatric-patient flow-rate modelling

GORDON TAYLOR, SALLY MCCLEAN and PETER MILLARD.

in Mathematical Medicine and Biology: A Journal of the IMA

December 1996 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Applied Mathematics; Biomathematics and Statistics. 0 words.

We consider the application of a three-compartment mathematical model using difference equations in discrete time to model the flow of patients through departments of geriatric medicine. It...

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The effects of re‐infection in directly transmitted infections modelled with vaccination

Hyun Mo Yang.

in Mathematical Medicine and Biology: A Journal of the IMA

June 2002; p ublished online June 2002 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Applied Mathematics; Biomathematics and Statistics. 0 words.

We propose a mathematical model to deal with directly transmitted infections incorporating the loss of immunity. The model is developed taking into account a constant contact rate among...

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Introduction to Games User Research

Anders Drachen, Pejman Mirza-Babaei and Lennart E. Nacke.

in Games User Research

January 2018; p ublished online March 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Logic; Optimisation. 4160 words.

This chapter provides an introduction to the field of Games User Research (GUR) and to the present book. GUR is an interdisciplinary field of practice and research concerned with ensuring...

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A two-sex model for treatment of HIV/AIDS and behaviour change in a population of varying size

YING-HEN HSIEH.

in Mathematical Medicine and Biology: A Journal of the IMA

September 1996 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Applied Mathematics; Biomathematics and Statistics. 0 words.

In this work, we propose a model for heterosexual transmission of HIV/AIDS incorporating a community-wide screening and treatment programme. We will investigate various consistency...

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Combining Applied and Basic Research

Ben Shneiderman.

in The New ABCs of Research

February 2016; p ublished online March 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Applied Mathematics; Logic. 8284 words.

The first guiding principle of this book is that when research teams take on applied and basic research goals, they are more likely to produce stronger applied and basic outcomes. My goal...

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The colour of noise in short ecological time series data

Pejman Rohani, Octavio Miramontes and Matt J. Keeling.

in Mathematical Medicine and Biology: A Journal of the IMA

March 2004; p ublished online March 2004 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Applied Mathematics; Biomathematics and Statistics. 0 words.

The statistical properties of ecological time series data and general trends therein have historically been of great interest to ecologists. In recent years, there has been a focus on...

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Simple models of antibiotic cycling

Timothy C. Reluga.

in Mathematical Medicine and Biology: A Journal of the IMA

June 2005; p ublished online June 2005 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Applied Mathematics; Biomathematics and Statistics. 0 words.

The use of environmental heterogeneity is an old but potentially powerful method for managing biological systems. Determining the optimal form of environmental heterogeneity is a difficult...

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The New ABCs of Research

Ben Shneiderman.

February 2016; p ublished online March 2016 .

Book. Subjects: Applied Mathematics; Logic. 336 pages.

The immense problems of the twenty-first century invite innovative thinking from students, academic researchers, business research managers, and government policymakers. Hopes for raising...

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Behaviour change and treatment of core groups: its effect on the spread of HIV/AIDS

YING-HEN HSIEH and KENNETH COOKE.

in Mathematical Medicine and Biology: A Journal of the IMA

January 2000; p ublished online January 2000 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Applied Mathematics; Biomathematics and Statistics. 0 words.

A general model is considered for treatment and behaviour change of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infecteds in a highly sexually active core group of female commercial sex workers...

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Phase retrieval from power spectra of masked signals

Afonso S. Bandeira, Yutong Chen and Dustin G. Mixon.

in Information and Inference: A Journal of the IMA

June 2014; p ublished online June 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Science and Mathematics; Mathematics; Applied Mathematics; Computer Science. 0 words.

In diffraction imaging, one is tasked with reconstructing a signal from its power spectrum. To resolve the ambiguity in this inverse problem, one might invoke prior knowledge about the...