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community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

See overview in Oxford Index

Estimating the immunity coverage required to prevent epidemics in a community of households

Tom Britton and Niels G. Becker.

in Biostatistics

December 2000; p ublished online December 2000 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Probability and Statistics. 0 words.

An estimation of the immunity coverage needed to prevent future outbreaks of an infectious disease is considered for a community of households. Data on outbreak size in a sample of ...

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Marginal additive hazards model for case-cohort studies with multiple disease outcomes: an application to the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study

Sangwook Kang, Jianwen Cai and Lloyd Chambless.

in Biostatistics

January 2013; p ublished online July 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Probability and Statistics. 6021 words.

In the case-cohort studies conducted within the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study, it is of interest to assess and compare the effect of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein...

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Stochastic multitype epidemics in a community of households: Estimation of threshold parameter R and secure vaccination coverage

Frank G. Ball, Tom Britton and Owen D. Lyne.

in Biometrika

June 2004; p ublished online June 2004 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Probability and Statistics. 0 words.

This paper is concerned with estimation of the threshold parameter R * for a stochastic model for the spread of a susceptible → infective → removed epidemic among a closed,...

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Estimating vaccine efficacy from small outbreaks

Niels G. Becker and Tom Britton.

in Biometrika

June 2004; p ublished online June 2004 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Probability and Statistics. 0 words.

Let CV and C 0 denote the number of cases among vaccinated and unvaccinated individuals, respectively, and let υ be the proportion of individuals vaccinated. The...

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On assessing the association for bivariate current status data

Weijing Wang and A. Adam Ding.

in Biometrika

December 2000; p ublished online December 2000 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Probability and Statistics. 0 words.

Assuming that the two failure times of interest with bivariate current status data follow a bivariate copula model, we propose a two‐stage estimation procedure to estimate the association...

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Semiparametric transformation models for the case-cohort study

Wenbin Lu and Anastasios A. Tsiatis.

in Biometrika

March 2006; p ublished online March 2006 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Probability and Statistics. 0 words.

A general class of semiparametric transformation models is studied for analysing survival data from the case-cohort design, which was introduced by Prentice (1986). Weighted estimating...

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Who speaks for science? A response to the National Academy of Sciences Report on forensic science

Simon A. Cole.

in Law, Probability and Risk

April 2010; p ublished online December 2009 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Law; Probability and Statistics. 0 words.

This response focuses on the treatment of latent print identification by the recent National Academy of Science (NAS) Report on forensic science. It begins by situating the Report in the...

Weighted estimating equations for semiparametric transformation models with censored data from a case‐cohort design

Lan Kong, Jianwen Cai and Pranab K. Sen.

in Biometrika

June 2004; p ublished online June 2004 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Probability and Statistics. 0 words.

In a case‐cohort design introduced by Prentice (1986), covariates are assembled only for a subcohort randomly selected from the entire cohort, and any additional cases outside the subcohort....

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Variable selection in semiparametric transformation models for right-censored data

Xiaoxi Liu and Donglin Zeng.

in Biometrika

December 2013; p ublished online July 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Probability and Statistics. 0 words.

We study variable selection in general transformation models for right-censored data. The models studied can incorporate external time-varying covariates, and they include the proportional...

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Transparency and reproducibility in data analysis: the Prostate Cancer Prevention Trial

Stuart G. Baker, Amy K. Darke, Paul Pinsky, Howard L. Parnes and Barnett S. Kramer.

in Biostatistics

July 2010; p ublished online July 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Probability and Statistics. 1387 words.

With the analysis of complex, messy data sets, the statistics community has recently focused attention on “reproducible research,” namely research that can be readily replicated by others....

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A pluralist approach to argument diagramming

Chris Reed and Glenn Rowe.

in Law, Probability and Risk

March 2007; p ublished online December 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Law; Probability and Statistics. 0 words.

There is a long history of argument diagramming mechanisms, attesting to the need for, and popularity of visualizations of reasoning patterns in general. Many of these approaches have given...

Proficiency testing of fingerprint examiners with Bayesian Item Response Theory

Amanda S Luby and Joseph B Kadane.

in Law, Probability and Risk

June 2018; p ublished online May 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Law; Probability and Statistics. 3881 words.

Abstract

In recent years, the forensic community has pushed to increase the scientific basis of forensic evidence, which has included proficiency testing for...

Characterizing Uncertainty of Future Climate Change Projections using Hierarchical Bayesian Models*

Claudia Tebaldi, Bruno Sansó and Richard L. Smith.

in Bayesian Statistics 9

October 2011; p ublished online January 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Probability and Statistics. 10034 words.

The use of projections from ensembles of climate models to characterize fu ture climate change at regional scales has become the most widely adopted framework, as opposed to what was...

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An estimate of the science-wise false discovery rate and application to the top medical literature

Leah R. Jager and Jeffrey T. Leek.

in Biostatistics

January 2014; p ublished online September 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Probability and Statistics. 4572 words.

The accuracy of published medical research is critical for scientists, physicians and patients who rely on these results. However, the fundamental belief in the medical literature was...

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The precautionary principle: a new approach to public decision-making?

Katie Steele.

in Law, Probability and Risk

March 2006; p ublished online August 2006 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Law; Probability and Statistics. 7513 words.

The precautionary principle recommends preventing possible harm to human health and environment. It has gained support in the international community as a higher-order legal principle that...

Liberties and constraints of the normative approach to evaluation and decision in forensic science: a discussion towards overcoming some common misconceptions

Alex Biedermann, Franco Taroni and Colin Aitken.

in Law, Probability and Risk

June 2014; p ublished online June 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Law; Probability and Statistics. 5716 words.

At a time when disciplined inference and decision making under uncertainty represent common aims to participants in legal proceedings, the scientific community is remarkably heterogenous in...

Recalibrating deference: comments on Professor Gastwirth's papers on Zuni Public School District 89 v. U.S. Department of Education, and related matters

Marc Rosenblum.

in Law, Probability and Risk

December 2008; p ublished online September 2008 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Law; Probability and Statistics. 0 words.

This paper examines how straightforward application of two relatively simple statistical concepts, the measurement of relative variation or disparity in per-pupil expenditures by school...

Assessing the competence and credibility of human sources of intelligence evidence: contributions from law and probability

David A. Schum and Jon R. Morris.

in Law, Probability and Risk

March 2007; p ublished online August 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Law; Probability and Statistics. 0 words.

These are perilous times in which our security is under continual threat by persons and organizations around the world and at home. Information supplied to us by human sources concerning...

Maximum likelihood estimation for semiparametric regression models with multivariate interval-censored data

Donglin Zeng, Fei Gao and D. Y. Lin.

in Biometrika

September 2017; p ublished online July 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Biomathematics and Statistics; Probability and Statistics. 6489 words.

Summary

Interval-censored multivariate failure time data arise when there are multiple types of failure or there is clustering of study subjects and each...

Covariate-assisted spectral clustering

N. Binkiewicz, J. T. Vogelstein and K. Rohe.

in Biometrika

June 2017; p ublished online March 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Biomathematics and Statistics; Probability and Statistics. 7939 words.

Summary

Biological and social systems consist of myriad interacting units. The interactions can be represented in the form of a graph or network....