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community x Cognition and Behavioural Neuroscience x clear all

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Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

See overview in Oxford Index

Distinct neural activation patterns underlie economic decisions in high and low psychopathy scorers

Joana B. Vieira, Pedro R. Almeida, Fernando Ferreira-Santos, Fernando Barbosa, João Marques-Teixeira and Abigail A. Marsh.

in Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience

August 2014; p ublished online July 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Cognition and Behavioural Neuroscience. 6520 words.

Psychopathic traits affect social functioning and the ability to make adaptive decisions in social interactions. This study investigated how psychopathy affects the neural mechanisms that...

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Effects of reward sensitivity and regional brain volumes on substance use initiation in adolescence

Snežana Urošević, Paul Collins, Ryan Muetzel, Ann Schissel, Kelvin O. Lim and Monica Luciana.

in Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience

January 2015; p ublished online March 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Cognition and Behavioural Neuroscience. 6613 words.

This longitudinal study examines associations between baseline individual differences and developmental changes in reward [i.e. behavioral approach system (BAS)] sensitivity and relevant...

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Hippocampal volume is positively associated with behavioural inhibition (BIS) in a large community-based sample of mid-life adults: the PATH through life study

Nicolas Cherbuin, Tim D. Windsor, Kaarin J. Anstey, Jerome J. Maller, Chantal Meslin and Perminder S. Sachdev.

in Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience

September 2008; p ublished online July 2008 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Cognition and Behavioural Neuroscience. 5322 words.

The fields of personality research and neuropsychology have developed with very little overlap. Gray and McNaughton were among the first to recognize that personality traits must have...

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White matter correlates of psychopathic traits in a female community sample

Philip Lindner, Meenal Budhiraja, Johan Westerman, Ivanka Savic, Jussi Jokinen, Jari Tiihonen and Sheilagh Hodgins.

in Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience

September 2017; p ublished online July 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Cognition and Behavioural Neuroscience. 7394 words.

Abstract

Psychopathy comprises interpersonal, affective, lifestyle and antisocial facets that vary dimensionally in the population and are associated with...

Mindfulness meditation training alters stress-related amygdala resting state functional connectivity: a randomized controlled trial

Adrienne A. Taren, Peter J. Gianaros, Carol M. Greco, Emily K. Lindsay, April Fairgrieve, Kirk Warren Brown, Rhonda K. Rosen, Jennifer L. Ferris, Erica Julson, Anna L. Marsland, James K. Bursley, Jared Ramsburg and J. David Creswell.

in Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience

December 2015; p ublished online June 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Cognition and Behavioural Neuroscience. 6867 words.

Recent studies indicate that mindfulness meditation training interventions reduce stress and improve stress-related health outcomes, but the neural pathways for these effects are unknown....

Enhancing Brain Performance by Externalizing Thought

György Buzsáki.

in The Brain from Inside Out

June 2019; p ublished online June 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Cognition and Behavioural Neuroscience. 9182 words.

The brain areas in charge of generating plans and thoughts share many similarities with the motor cortex in terms of cellular architecture and input–output connectivity. The main difference...

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Clinical neuroprediction: Amygdala reactivity predicts depressive symptoms 2 years later

Whitney I. Mattson, Luke W. Hyde, Daniel S. Shaw, Erika E. Forbes and Christopher S. Monk.

in Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience

June 2016; p ublished online February 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Cognition and Behavioural Neuroscience. 5126 words.

Depression is linked to increased amygdala activation to neutral and negatively valenced facial expressions. Amygdala activation may be predictive of changes in depressive symptoms over...

Principal components of electrocortical activity during self-evaluation indicate depressive symptom severity

Allison C. Waters and Don M. Tucker.

in Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience

August 2016; p ublished online April 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Cognition and Behavioural Neuroscience. 6704 words.

Negative self-evaluation is an important psychological characteristic of depression. In order to study the underlying neural mechanisms, we examined event-related potentials (ERPs) during a...

The association between financial hardship and amygdala and hippocampal volumes: results from the PATH through life project

Peter Butterworth, Nicolas Cherbuin, Perminder Sachdev and Kaarin J. Anstey.

in Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience

June 2012; p ublished online May 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Cognition and Behavioural Neuroscience. 5687 words.

This study examined whether middle-aged adults exposed to poverty in childhood or current financial hardship have detectable brain differences from those who have not experienced such...

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Do fearful eyes activate empathy-related brain regions in individuals with callous traits?

Thida Han, Gésine L. Alders, Steven G. Greening, Richard W. J. Neufeld and Derek G. V. Mitchell.

in Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience

November 2012; p ublished online October 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Cognition and Behavioural Neuroscience. 6777 words.

Psychopathy, a developmental disorder characterized by profound social disturbance, is associated with impaired recognition of distress cues. Since distress processing and moral...

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Polymorphic variation in the dopamine D4 receptor predicts delay discounting as a function of childhood socioeconomic status: evidence for differential susceptibility

Maggie M. Sweitzer, Indrani Halder, Janine D. Flory, Anna E. Craig, Peter J. Gianaros, Robert E. Ferrell and Stephen B. Manuck.

in Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience

June 2013; p ublished online March 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Cognition and Behavioural Neuroscience. 8342 words.

Inconsistent or null findings among studies associating behaviors on the externalizing spectrum—addictions, impulsivity, risk-taking, novelty-seeking traits—with presence of the 7-repeat...

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When psychopathy impairs moral judgments: neural responses during judgments about causing fear

Abigail A. Marsh and Elise M. Cardinale.

in Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience

January 2014; p ublished online September 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Cognition and Behavioural Neuroscience. 6855 words.

Psychopathy is a disorder characterized by reduced empathy, shallow affect and behaviors that cause victims distress, like threats, bullying and violence. Neuroimaging research in both...

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Orbitofrontal sulcogyral patterns are related to temperamental risk for psychopathology

Sarah Whittle, Cali Bartholomeusz, Murat Yücel, Meg Dennison, Nandita Vijayakumar and Nicholas B. Allen.

in Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience

February 2014; p ublished online November 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Cognition and Behavioural Neuroscience. 7108 words.

There are marked individual differences in the pattern of cortical (sulcogyral) folding in the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC), and there is a growing literature suggesting that these individual...

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Perigenual anterior cingulate morphology covaries with perceived social standing

Peter J. Gianaros, Jeffrey A. Horenstein, Sheldon Cohen, Karen A. Matthews, Sarah M. Brown, Janine D. Flory, Hugo D. Critchley, Stephen B. Manuck and Ahmad R. Hariri.

in Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience

September 2007; p ublished online May 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Cognition and Behavioural Neuroscience. 9204 words.

Low socioeconomic status (SES) increases the risk for developing psychiatric and chronic medical disorders. A stress-related pathway by which low SES may affect mental and physical health...

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Oxytocin receptor (OXTR) and serotonin transporter (5-HTT) genes associated with observed parenting

Marian J. Bakermans-Kranenburg and Marinus H. van IJzendoorn.

in Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience

June 2008; p ublished online February 2008 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Cognition and Behavioural Neuroscience. 5119 words.

Both oxytocin and serotonin modulate affiliative responses to partners and offspring. Animal studies suggest a crucial role of oxytocin in mammalian parturition and lactation but also in...

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Elevated nucleus accumbens structural connectivity associated with proneness to hypomania: a reward hypersensitivity perspective

Katherine S. Damme, Christina B. Young and Robin Nusslock.

in Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience

P ublished online February 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Cognition and Behavioural Neuroscience. 7190 words.

Abstract

The Reward Hypersensitivity Model of bipolar disorder argues that hypersensitivity to reward-relevant cues characterizes risk for hypo/mania. This...

Socio-neuro risk factors for suicidal behavior in criminal offenders with psychotic disorders

Carla L. Harenski, Michael Brook, David S. Kosson, Juan R. Bustillo, Keith A. Harenski, Michael F. Caldwell, Gregory J. Van Rybroek, Michael Koenigs, Jean Decety, David M. Thornton, Vince D. Calhoun and Kent A. Kiehl.

in Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience

January 2017; p ublished online January 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Cognition and Behavioural Neuroscience. 8224 words.

Abstract

Relative to the general population, individuals with psychotic disorders have a higher risk of suicide. Suicide risk is also elevated in criminal...