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Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

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Attention

Anna C. (Kia) Nobre and Sabine Kastner.

in The Oxford Handbook of Attention

January 2014; p ublished online April 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Cognitive Neuroscience. 10662 words.

‘Attention’ is a core and fundamental aspect of cognition. Accordingly it engages a sizeable and thriving research community. The field has precious theoretical and empirical seeds left by...

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Culture and Human Development

Michael Cole and Martin Packer.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Psychology

Article. Subjects: Cognitive Neuroscience; Developmental Psychology. 254 words.

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Psychology. Please check back later for the full article.

There is...

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Shamans, yogins and indigenous psychologies

John H. Crook.

in Oxford Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology

April 2007; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience. 7825 words.

This article offers a brief account of the processes of world-view, particularly in selected representatives of the ‘ancient matrix’, and indicates how they may change as the second and...

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Chemical Cognitive Enhancement: Is it Unfair, Unjust, Discriminatory, or Cheating for Healthy Adults to Use Smart Drugs?

John Harris.

in Oxford Handbook of Neuroethics

April 2011; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience; Clinical Psychology. 3846 words.

This article states that drugs could be used to produce, if not more intelligent individuals, at least individuals with better cognitive functioning. Cognitive functioning is something that...

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The Other Ethical Challenge of Neurodegenerative Diseases

Adrian J. Ivinson.

in Oxford Handbook of Neuroethics

April 2011; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience; Clinical Psychology. 3731 words.

Neurodegenerative diseases represent a tidal wave of destruction bearing down on all communities. All biomedical researchers need to consider the ethical dimensions of their research...

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Learning About Neuroethics Through Health Sciences Online: A Model For Global Dissemination

Kate Tairyan and Erica Frank.

in Oxford Handbook of Neuroethics

April 2011; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience; Clinical Psychology. 6047 words.

Health personnel regularly confront new and sometimes critical situations that add to the already heavy burden of providing healthcare with inadequate resources. This article describes...

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Cultural Neuroscience of Pain and Empathy

Joan Y. Chiao and Vani A. Mathur.

in The Oxford Handbook of Cultural Neuroscience

December 2015; p ublished online April 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience; Social Psychology. 3343 words.

Population health disparities exist in the prevalence of pain throughout the world due to social and biological factors. We examine the etiology of population health disparities in pain...

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The Error-Related Negativity (ERN/Ne)

William J. Gehring, Yanni Liu, Joseph M. Orr and Joshua Carp.

in The Oxford Handbook of Event-Related Potential Components

December 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience. 42550 words.

We review two decades of research on the error-related negativity (ERN or Ne), a component of the event-related brain potential that accompanies errors in speeded performance. Theories of...

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The Developmental Psychopathology Perspective on Externalizing Behavior Dimensions and Externalizing Disorders

Stephen P. Hinshaw and Theodore P. Beauchaine.

in The Oxford Handbook of Externalizing Spectrum Disorders

November 2015; p ublished online February 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience; Clinical Psychology. 9093 words.

This chapter highlights key principles of developmental psychopathology (DP), the discipline that eschews static models, universal and unbending laws of development, and inflexible...

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Cultural Neuroscience of Identity Development

Alissa J. Mrazek, Tokiko Harada and Joan Y. Chiao.

in The Oxford Handbook of Identity Development

January 2015; p ublished online August 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Social Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience. 9667 words.

Identity development is conceptualized as a series of distinct stages in the developmental pathway, including acquisition of self-knowledge, establishment of independence and personal...

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Speech Production

Carol A. Fowler.

August 2007; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience. 8738 words.

A theory of speech production provides an account of the means by which a planned sequence of language forms is implemented as vocal tract activity that gives rise to an audible,...

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Mutual Benefits of Using Humanoid Robots in Social Neuroscience

Thierry Chaminade and Mitsuo Kawato.

in The Oxford Handbook of Social Neuroscience

September 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience; Social Psychology. 11247 words.

The prospect of closer ties between social cognitive neuroscience and robotics is gaining momentum in both communities. First, as artificial anthropomorphic agents, such as humanoid robots...

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