Oxford Index Search Results

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community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

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Community Health

Marta Gil Lacruz.

in The Oxford Handbook of Health Psychology

August 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Health Psychology. 16555 words.

The social function of health psychology is the promotion of well-being and quality-of-life improvements, concepts that only become meaningful when they are analyzed in the real-life...

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Seniors’ Online Communities and Well-Being in Later Life

Galit Nimrod.

in The Oxford Handbook of Clinical Geropsychology

October 2014; p ublished online June 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Clinical Psychology; Health Psychology; Social Psychology. 9864 words.

This chapter aims to explore the potential value of seniors’ online communities for the well-being of older adults. Based on a series of studies that utilized various methods (including...

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The Role of Community- and Home-Based Interventions in Late-Life Depression

Laura N. Gitlin.

in The Oxford Handbook of Depression and Comorbidity

June 2014; p ublished online August 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Clinical Psychology; Health Psychology; Counselling Psychology. 10198 words.

Depressive disorders are highly prevalent and among the most debilitating conditions in late life. If untreated, depression has profound effects on quality of life and health; it also...

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Performance Consultants in Sport and Performance Psychology

David Tod.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Psychology

P ublished online March 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Health Psychology. 9912 words.

Since the 1890s, the field of applied sport psychology has gained increasing visibility within the sport and exercise science, psychology, and mainstream communities. Associated with this...

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Nonprofessional Resources for Pregnant and Postpartum Women

Jane Fisher, Sara Holton and Heather Rowe.

in The Oxford Handbook of Perinatal Psychology

April 2016; p ublished online July 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Health Psychology. 13254 words.

Maternity presents major adaptive challenges for women. It is common for pregnant women and women who have recently given birth to access nonprofessional resources, including those...

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Developing Athletes in the Context of Sport and Performance Psychology

Luc J. Martin, David J. Hancock and Jean Côté.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Psychology

P ublished online April 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Health Psychology. 10209 words.

Talent development in sport is achieved through years of preparation and requires constant interaction between personal and contextual resources. Accordingly, extensive research has been...

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Methods of Health Behavior Change

Ildiko Tombor and Susan Michie.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Psychology

P ublished online July 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Health Psychology. 9163 words.

People’s behavior influences health, for example, in the prevention, early detection, and treatment of disease, the management of illness, and the optimization of healthcare professionals’...

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Physical Activity and Health: Current Research Trends and Critical Issues

Dawn K. Wilson, Nicole Zarrett and Heather Kitzman-Ulrich.

in The Oxford Handbook of Health Psychology

August 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Health Psychology. 15452 words.

The field of health psychology may offer unique theoretical and practical approaches for promoting physically active lifestyle changes. This chapter addresses relevant theoretical mediating...

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Two Decades of Social Change in Central and Eastern Europe: Implications for Health

Irina L.G. Todorova.

in The Oxford Handbook of Health Psychology

August 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Health Psychology. 17185 words.

This chapter explores the dynamics of changes in health indicators in Central and Eastern Europe over the last 20 years. It presents illustrations of the East–West health divide from...

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Appearance and Performance Enhancing Drug Use

Thomas B. Hildebrandt, Eleanna Varangis and Justine K. Lai.

in The Oxford Handbook of Sport and Performance Psychology

August 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Health Psychology. 13115 words.

Appearance and performance enhancing drugs (APEDs) include a wide range of substances borrowed from a wide range of medical disciplines and associated fields and have a long history in...

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Depression Fotonovela

Leopoldo J. Cabassa.

in The Oxford Handbook of Acculturation and Health

September 2017; p ublished online February 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Health Psychology; Social Psychology. 8712 words.

Latinos in the United States face serious mental health care disparities. A combination of person-level barriers, such as low levels of acculturation, stigma, negative attitudes towards...

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Adolescent Cultural Contexts for Substance Use: Intergroup Dynamics, Family Processes, and Neighborhood Risks

Seth J. Schwartz, Sabrina E. Des Rosiers, Jennifer Unger and José Szapocznik.

in The Oxford Handbook of Adolescent Substance Abuse

August 2019; p ublished online July 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Health Psychology; Clinical Psychology. 19770 words.

This chapter reviews the role of cultural processes in substance use and other health problems among adolescents. The chapter focuses on Hispanics because of their status as both a minority...

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Parenting as a Buffer That Deters Discrimination and Race-Related Stressors from “Getting Under the Skin”: Theories, Findings, and Future Directions

Allen W. Barton and Gene H. Brody.

in The Oxford Handbook of Stigma, Discrimination, and Health

January 2018; p ublished online December 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Social Psychology; Health Psychology. 13937 words.

In this chapter, the hypothesis is explored that parenting processes buffer children’s physical health from the deleterious effects of discrimination. First, the existing empirical...

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Public Health and Social Justice: An Argument Against Stigma as a Tool of Health Promotion and Disease Prevention

Erika Blacksher.

in The Oxford Handbook of Stigma, Discrimination, and Health

January 2018; p ublished online December 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Social Psychology; Health Psychology. 10906 words.

This chapter argues against the use of stigma-inducing measures as tools of public health on grounds of social justice. The value of social justice in public health includes both a...

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Stigma and Its Implications for Health: Introduction and Overview

Brenda Major, John F. Dovidio, Bruce G. Link and Sarah K. Calabrese.

in The Oxford Handbook of Stigma, Discrimination, and Health

January 2018; p ublished online December 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Social Psychology; Health Psychology. 18846 words.

There is growing recognition that stigma plays an important role in producing health disparities between members of socially advantaged and disadvantaged (marginalized) groups. This chapter...

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Psychological Considerations for Physical Activity Participants With Intellectual Disabilities

Yeshayahu Hutzler and Joelle Almosni.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Psychology

P ublished online February 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Social Psychology; Health Psychology. 8535 words.

Persons with intellectual disability (ID) exhibit reduced levels of participation in recreational and habitual physical activity, which leads to an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases...

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Humor

Jennifer Hofmann and Willibald Ruch.

in Psychology

P ublished online July 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Developmental Psychology; Health Psychology; History and Systems in Psychology; Educational Psychology; Social Psychology. 8327 words.

In psychological research, humor and the sense of humor are concepts studied in a variety of fields, such as personality, social, and clinical psychology and education and health...

Resilience: The Meanings, Methods, and Measures of a Fundamental Characteristic of Human Adaptation

Alex J. Zautra and John W. Reich.

in The Oxford Handbook of Stress, Health, and Coping

November 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Health Psychology; Social Psychology. 9313 words.

Moving from a disease model of stress and coping to the more integrative model of positive influences represents a fundamental shift in our understanding of how people adapt to and grow in...

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Vocational Rehabilitation, Inclusion, and Social Integration

Carol Blessing, Thomas P. Golden, Sukyeong Pi, Susanne M. Bruyère and Sara Van Looy.

in The Oxford Handbook of Rehabilitation Psychology

July 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Clinical Psychology; Health Psychology. 13848 words.

People are social beings and as such have a right to personal dignity, social security, citizenship, and full participation in civil and social activities as a member of society. Active...

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Older Adults and Long-Term Care

Elizabeth Vongxaiburana, Victor Molinari and Kathryn Hyer.

in The Oxford Handbook of Clinical Geropsychology

October 2014; p ublished online June 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Clinical Psychology; Health Psychology. 9362 words.

This chapter addresses the challenges faced by the international community in planning to satisfy the mental health needs of the long-term care (LTC) population, especially those living in...

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