Oxford Index Search Results

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community x History and Systems in Psychology x clear all

community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

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Aotearoa/New Zealand

Fred Seymour and Raymond Nairn.

in The Oxford Handbook of International Psychological Ethics

July 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; History and Systems in Psychology. 13844 words.

The 2002 Code of Ethics for Psychologists Working in Aotearoa/New Zealand marked a major departure from its predecessor and from codes of other jurisdictions. Following the lead of the...

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Latin and South America

Andrés J. Consoli, Rubén Ardila and Andrea Ferrero.

in The Oxford Handbook of International Psychological Ethics

July 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; History and Systems in Psychology. 9464 words.

Ethics in psychology in Latin and South America have become an important, even central area in the discipline. Latin and South American countries have advanced an organized psychological...

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Lebanon

Brigitte A. Khoury and Sarah Tabbarah.

in The Oxford Handbook of the History of Psychology: Global Perspectives

January 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; History and Systems in Psychology. 7235 words.

The history of psychology in Lebanon is closely linked to the start of the psychiatry field and dates back to the mid-19th century. Since then, the field has grown, despite major setbacks,...

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Japan

Miki Takasuna.

in The Oxford Handbook of the History of Psychology: Global Perspectives

January 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; History and Systems in Psychology. 13945 words.

The history of psychology in Japan generally began in the 19th century. It is described in terms of five eras: pre- and early Meiji (ca. 1860–1900), late Meiji (1900–1912), Taisho...

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Humor

Jennifer Hofmann and Willibald Ruch.

in Psychology

P ublished online July 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Developmental Psychology; Health Psychology; History and Systems in Psychology; Educational Psychology; Social Psychology. 8327 words.

In psychological research, humor and the sense of humor are concepts studied in a variety of fields, such as personality, social, and clinical psychology and education and health...

Global Test Security Issues and Ethical Challenges

David Foster and Harold L. Miller.

in The Oxford Handbook of International Psychological Ethics

July 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; History and Systems in Psychology; Psychological Assessment and Testing. 11016 words.

The lack of adequate test security for important exams is a growing worldwide problem. As tests are relied upon globally more and more for critical educational and work-related decisions,...

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The History of Language and Communication Issues in Deaf Education

Donald F. Moores.

in The Oxford Handbook of Deaf Studies, Language, and Education, Vol. 2

June 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Educational Psychology; History and Systems in Psychology. 10892 words.

The oral/manual “methods” controversy arose more than 200 years ago. Although many variations exist, there have been three basic approaches. An “oral” approach concentrates on the...

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Emerging Policy Issues for Psychology

Patrick H. DeLeon, Mary Beth Kenkel, Jill M. Oliveira Gray and Morgan T. Sammons.

in The Oxford Handbook of Clinical Psychology

May 2014; p ublished online November 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Clinical Psychology; History and Systems in Psychology. 12871 words.

Involvement in the public policy process is essential to the continued growth of the profession of psychology. The authors posit that five dimensions of involvement in the policy process...

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Historical and Philosophical Dimensions of Contemporary Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy

William T. O'Donohue and Kyle E. Ferguson.

in The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive and Behavioral Therapies

December 2015; p ublished online May 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Clinical Psychology; Counselling Psychology; History and Systems in Psychology. 15413 words.

Behavior therapy is heterogeneous and parallels what Wittgenstein called “family resemblances,” as it is impossible to delineate necessary or sufficient definitional criteria for what...

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Motivation

Michael Richter, Rex A. Wright, Kerstin Brinkmann and Guido H. E. Gendolla.

in Psychology

P ublished online February 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Developmental Psychology; Health Psychology; History and Systems in Psychology; Educational Psychology; Social Psychology. 10867 words.

References to the construct of motivation are ubiquitous in most domains of life. Parents worry about how to motivate their children to apply themselves at school; business organizations...

Dissociative Disorders

Steven Jay Lynn, Reed Maxwell, Anne Malaktaris, Colleen Cleere, Peter Lemons, Jessica Baltman and Liam Condon.

in Psychology

P ublished online March 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Developmental Psychology; Health Psychology; History and Systems in Psychology; Educational Psychology; Social Psychology. 11990 words.

From the seminal writing of Pierre Janet (b. 1859–d. 1947) to the present, dissociative disorders have fascinated, puzzled, and provoked controversy among scientists and clinicians, while...

Action Research

Geoffrey Maruyama and Martin Van Boekel.

in Psychology

P ublished online January 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Developmental Psychology; Health Psychology; History and Systems in Psychology; Educational Psychology; Social Psychology. 11471 words.

Unlike many areas of psychology, “action research” does not possess a single definition or evoke a single meaning for all researchers. Most action research links back to work initiated by a...

LGBTQ+ Romantic Relationships

Samantha Tornello, Bernadette Blanchfield and Jason Sumontha.

in Psychology

P ublished online April 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Developmental Psychology; Health Psychology; History and Systems in Psychology; Educational Psychology; Social Psychology. 15739 words.

Research on romantic relationships among lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans*, and queer (LGBTQ+) self-identified individuals is a relatively new area. Note that for the purposes of this entry,...

Risk Taking

Valerie F. Reyna, Sharjeel A. Chaudhry, Priscila G. Brust-Renck, Evan Andrew Wilhelms and Caisa Elizabeth Royer.

in Psychology

P ublished online September 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Developmental Psychology; Health Psychology; History and Systems in Psychology; Educational Psychology; Social Psychology. 13576 words.

Engaging in risk-taking behavior throughout life can be related to a variety of negative short- and long-term physical and psychological consequences. For example, the two diseases that...

Autobiographical Memories

Qi Wang, Cagla Aydin and Jessica Zoe Klemfuss.

in Psychology

P ublished online November 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Developmental Psychology; Health Psychology; History and Systems in Psychology; Educational Psychology; Social Psychology. 11041 words.

Autobiography as a literary genre has existed for centuries—with Augustine’s (354–430) Confessions being commonly regarded as the first Western autobiography—and has gained increasing...

Single People

Bella M. DePaulo.

in Psychology

P ublished online November 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Developmental Psychology; Health Psychology; History and Systems in Psychology; Educational Psychology; Social Psychology. 15603 words.

For decades the proportion of single people in populations around the globe (especially in Western nations) has been growing, but scholars have focused overwhelmingly on marriage and...

Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)

David M. McCord.

in Psychology

P ublished online October 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Developmental Psychology; Health Psychology; History and Systems in Psychology; Educational Psychology; Social Psychology. 10697 words.

The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) is the most widely used and widely researched objective measure of psychopathology in history, a status it has held throughout its...

Parenting Stress

Kirby Deater-Deckard, Nan Chen and Shereen El Mallah.

in Psychology

P ublished online November 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Developmental Psychology; Health Psychology; History and Systems in Psychology; Educational Psychology; Social Psychology. 6980 words.

Parenting stress is a normal part of the parenting experience. It arises when parenting demands exceed the expected and actual resources available to the parents that permit them to succeed...

Sexual Orientation

Allen M. Omoto, Christopher S. Lamb and Elizabeth S. Chamberlin.

in Psychology

P ublished online March 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Developmental Psychology; Health Psychology; History and Systems in Psychology; Educational Psychology; Social Psychology. 25968 words.

This entry focuses on recent psychological theory and research on sexual orientation and lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) issues, mostly from English-language journals and conducted in...

Hypnosis

Steven Jay Lynn, Liam Condon, Michelle Accardi, Colleen Cleere, Anne Malaktaris and Jaime Benjamin.

in Psychology

P ublished online October 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Developmental Psychology; Health Psychology; History and Systems in Psychology; Educational Psychology; Social Psychology. 14492 words.

From the days of Franz Mesmer (b. 1734–d. 1815) to the present, the seemingly profound alterations in consciousness that accompany hypnosis have fascinated the public, scientists, and...