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community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

See overview in Oxford Index

Virtual Communities and Markets

Amy Speier.

in Fertility Holidays

August 2016; p ublished online January 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Medical Anthropology. 8599 words.

This chapter follows North Americans who turn to the Internet where they learn of reproductive travel to the Czech Republic, and become diligent consumers. This chapter follows largely...

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The Community Of the Dead

Jeanne Guillemin.

in Anthrax

December 1999; p ublished online May 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Medical Anthropology. 4525 words.

This chapter narrates the research team's visit to the Vostochniy Cemetery, where they recorded the names and the dates of birth and death of the outbreak victims, and begins by discussing...

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Circles of Community: The CenteringPregnancy® Group Prenatal Care Model

Sharon Schindler Rising and Rima Jolivet.

in Birth Models That Work

April 2009; p ublished online May 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Medical Anthropology. 8359 words.

CenteringPregnancy®, a copyrighted program design, is a multifaceted model that integrates the three major components of prenatal care—health assessment, education, and support—into a...

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A Crisis of Competence

Mary-Jo DelVecchio Good.

in American Medicine

July 1995; p ublished online May 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Medical Anthropology. 7221 words.

This chapter discusses a crisis of competence which was precipitated by a malpractice suit and by gender and specialty conflicts. Although the details of this ethnographic account are...

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The Challenge to Local Medicine

Mary-Jo DelVecchio Good.

in American Medicine

July 1995; p ublished online May 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Medical Anthropology. 8327 words.

This chapter begins outlining historical changes in medical practice in rural communities in the region and illustrates how the language of competence became the discourse through which new...

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Racism and Immigration

Johanne Eliacin.

in Our Most Troubling Madness

September 2016; p ublished online May 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Medical Anthropology. 5713 words.

Arguably the most important discovery in the recent social epidemiology of schizophrenia is that the illness does not occur at a fixed rate across the globe as researchers used to believe,...

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Male HomosexualityAnd Seropositivity

Richard Parker, Regina Maria Barbosa and Peter Aggleton.

in Framing the Sexual Subject

January 2000; p ublished online May 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Medical Anthropology. 7191 words.

This chapter examines some recent work on emerging homosexual and gay identities and communities in countries such as Brazil. It studies how these new forms have been connected to the...

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Fieldwork—Tactical and Methodological Aspects

Sue E. Estroff.

in Making It Crazy

June 1985; p ublished online May 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Medical Anthropology. 9150 words.

This chapter discusses the procedures and principles used to collect and work with the data. The subjects were scattered over a much larger area than the usual hospital ward setting. A...

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Clients and Pact-a Description

Sue E. Estroff.

in Making It Crazy

June 1985; p ublished online May 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Medical Anthropology. 9280 words.

This chapter describes the primary subjects and the most important components of their environment during the research for this book: the Program of Assertive Community Treatment (PACT)...

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Migration, Mujercitas, and Medicine Men

Valentina Napolitano.

December 2002; p ublished online May 2012 .

Book. Subjects: Medical Anthropology. 256 pages.

This book explores issues of migration, medicine, religion, and gender in this analysis of everyday practices of urban living in Guadalajara, Mexico. Drawing on fieldwork over a ten-year...

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Haunting Ghosts

Erica Caple James.

in Postcolonial Disorders

February 2008; p ublished online May 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Medical Anthropology. 11776 words.

This chapter describes the harsh Haitian world of insecurity, fear, and collective anxiety in a profoundly disordered state, relating the story of Danielle, who sought justice from the...

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Mosquito Trails

Alex M. Nading.

August 2014; p ublished online September 2016 .

Book. Subjects: Medical Anthropology. 288 pages.

It is easy to think of mosquitoes as enemies. They not only bite us but also transmit diseases, including dengue fever, the world’s most prevalent mosquito-borne illness. Routine...

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Introduction to Part 1

Mary-Jo DelVecchio Good.

in American Medicine

July 1995; p ublished online May 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Medical Anthropology. 1027 words.

Part I considers the meaning of medical competence in the worlds of practicing clinicians is considered through the lens of an ethnographic story. The story is about the evolution of...

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Competence and Care

Mary-Jo DelVecchio Good.

in American Medicine

July 1995; p ublished online May 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Medical Anthropology. 7184 words.

Although, in Coast Community, all branches of medical practice experienced challenges and transformations, the practice of obstetrics became a focus for innovation, heavily influenced by...

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National Crises in Obstetrical Care

Mary-Jo DelVecchio Good.

in American Medicine

July 1995; p ublished online May 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Medical Anthropology. 9863 words.

This chapter examines national parallels to the local ethnography and the impact of the national crisis in malpractice and obstetrical care on the specialties of obstetrics and family...

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Cultural Regulation, Self-regulation, and Sexuality

Richard Parker, Regina Maria Barbosa and Peter Aggleton.

in Framing the Sexual Subject

January 2000; p ublished online May 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Medical Anthropology. 8533 words.

This chapter discusses interrelated social and cultural factors that impact the lives of Latino gay men, thus making it impossible for many to reduce risk in their sexual practice. It...

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The Plot of Suffering

David B. Morris.

in Illness and Culture in the Postmodern Age

October 1998; p ublished online May 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Medical Anthropology. 9529 words.

There is no doubt that AIDS has reshaped the postmodern era. No contemporary affliction illustrates better than AIDS how the biology of human illness intersects with cultural practices that...

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Introduction

John M. Janzen.

in Ngoma

October 1992; p ublished online May 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Medical Anthropology. 3689 words.

This book is concerned with institutions carrying the designation ngoma and related terms. By entering African religious and therapeutic expression through its own language, some important...

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Everyday Aids Practices

Sandra Teresa Hyde.

in Postcolonial Disorders

February 2008; p ublished online May 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Medical Anthropology. 12784 words.

This chapter examines HIV as a spatialized disease, identified with communities at the borderlands along China's multiethnic southern frontier during the late-socialist period. It shows how...

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Institutional Persons and Personal Institutions

A. Jamie Saris.

in Postcolonial Disorders

February 2008; p ublished online May 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Medical Anthropology. 8982 words.

This chapter presents a detailed ethnography of a classic postcolonial institution, a state mental hospital built as a colonial asylum by the British in rural Ireland. It describes the...

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