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community x Criminology and Criminal Justice x clear all

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community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

See overview in Oxford Index

Auditable Community

Ron Levi.

in The British Journal of Criminology

September 2008; p ublished online May 2008 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Criminology. 9721 words.

Criminological research identifies the turn to community as part of a broader move away from the welfarist social. Yet, while we now have significant research on how community is made...

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Community Policing

Gary Cordner.

in The Oxford Handbook of Police and Policing

April 2014; p ublished online April 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Policing. 10146 words.

This essay discusses community policing: what it is, why it became so popular in the late twentieth century, difficulties in its implementation, evidence on its effectiveness, and future...

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Civilised Communities

Clare E. Griffiths.

in The British Journal of Criminology

November 2014; p ublished online September 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Criminology. 9395 words.

Immigration and its effects on crime, social disorder and community tensions remains a pervasive feature of public, government and academic discourse. This discourse often considers...

Community sentences

George Mair.

in Criminal Justice

July 2013; p ublished online June 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Criminal Justice. 9408 words.

This chapter begins with a brief overview of the history of community sentences as alternatives to custody. It then explores the current situation with regard to community sentences and...

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Community Corrections

Beth M. Huebner.

in Criminology

P ublished online December 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Criminal Justice; Criminology. 4729 words.

Most offenders under correctional supervision reside in the community. Community corrections includes a broad array of programs including alternatives to incarceration (such as boot camps...

Community Violence

Neil B. Guterman and Muhammad Haj-Yahia.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Criminal Justice; Human Behaviour and the Social Environment; Social Work Macro Practice. 3319 words.

Community violence represents a widespread concern receiving increasing attention by social workers. This article considers the problem of community violence and our present understanding...

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Theorizing Community Policing

Nigel G. Fielding.

in The British Journal of Criminology

January 2002; p ublished online January 2002 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Criminology. 0 words.

The article considers two of the most generally applied analytic perspectives in the field of police studies, in the context of their application to community policing. It is suggested that...

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Police Community Support Officers

Megan O'Neill.

April 2019; p ublished online June 2019 .

Book. Subjects: Criminal Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice. 192 pages.

Police Community Support Officers: Cultures and Identities within Pluralized Policing presents the first in-depth ethnographic study of Police Community Support Officers...

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Communities and Delinquency

Charis E. Kubrin.

in The Oxford Handbook of Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice

December 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice. 6363 words.

The community or neighborhood in which juvenile lives constitute an important context and it influences juvenile delinquency. This article describes the role of communities in the...

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Community, Inequality, and Crime

Graham C. Ousey and Matthew R. Lee.

in The Oxford Handbook of Criminological Theory

November 2012; p ublished online December 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Theories of Crime. 7572 words.

One of the most exciting developments in the field of criminology is the emergence of studies that seek to explain variation in crime rates across aggregate social communities. These...

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Community-Based Justice Systems

Kimberly R. Kras.

in Criminology

P ublished online April 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Criminal Justice; Criminology. 6623 words.

Community-based justice systems reflect the inherent importance of communities as a part of justice system processes as opposed to simply being subjected to it. Much of what we know and...

Probation and Community Penalties

Stan C. Proband.

in The Oxford Handbook of Crime and Criminal Justice

September 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Corrections; Courts and Procedure. 7715 words.

Probation remains the most common form of correctional supervision. Well over half of sentenced offenders, over four million at any one time in recent years, are under the control of...

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Community Disadvantage and Crime

Robert J. Fornango.

in Criminology

P ublished online March 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Criminal Justice; Criminology. 8449 words.

The literature on community disadvantage and crime covers a broad spectrum of topics. At the heart of the issue is the need to understand why crime rates are consistently positively...

Community Change and Crime

John Hipp and Alyssa Whitby Chamberlain.

in Criminology

P ublished online June 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Criminal Justice; Criminology. 11378 words.

Community change and crime employs a dynamic perspective, linking ecological changes to changes in crime. More specifically, geographic places are considered entities that can change over...

Former Refugees and Community Resilience

Gail Mason and Mariastella Pulvirenti.

in The British Journal of Criminology

May 2013; p ublished online January 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Criminology. 9247 words.

The efforts of new, former refugee communities to grow their legitimacy as citizens often in hostile host environments puts community needs at odds with individual needs. From an analysis...

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Community Penalties, Probation, and Offender Management

Peter Raynor.

in The Oxford Handbook of Criminology

April 2012; p ublished online June 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Criminology. 14956 words.

This chapter, which examines community penalties, probation, and offender management, focusing on developments in England and Wales, first traces the origins of probation as social work and...

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Community and Problem-Oriented Policing

Michael D. Reisig.

in The Oxford Handbook of Crime and Criminal Justice

September 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Policing. 16615 words.

This article is divided into five sections. Section I provides an overview of community and problem-oriented policing, highlighting the key of elements of the two approaches. Section II...

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Punishment and rehabilitation in the community

Susan Easton and Christine Piper.

in Sentencing and Punishment

May 2016; p ublished online September 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Criminal Justice. 26496 words.

This chapter reviews the main options available to the sentencing court which do not entail immediate custody. It therefore deals with fines, reviewing the difficulties posed by...

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Using Community Surveys to Study Policing

Wesley G. Skogan.

in The Oxford Handbook of Police and Policing

April 2014; p ublished online April 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Policing. 11140 words.

Surveys of the community are an important police research tool. This essay reviews the purposes of police-community surveys and topics that they have been used to examine. This includes key...

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Community Policing or Zero Tolerance?

Cynthia Lum.

in The British Journal of Criminology

November 2009; p ublished online June 2009 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Criminology. 9234 words.

Since the 1970s, approximately 60 countries in the world have experienced major political transition away from authoritarianism towards democracy and more liberal modes of governance....

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