Oxford Index Search Results

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community x Criminology x clear all

community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

See overview in Oxford Index

Auditable Community

Ron Levi.

in The British Journal of Criminology

September 2008; p ublished online May 2008 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Criminology. 9721 words.

Criminological research identifies the turn to community as part of a broader move away from the welfarist social. Yet, while we now have significant research on how community is made...

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Civilised Communities

Clare E. Griffiths.

in The British Journal of Criminology

November 2014; p ublished online September 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Criminology. 9395 words.

Immigration and its effects on crime, social disorder and community tensions remains a pervasive feature of public, government and academic discourse. This discourse often considers...

Community Corrections

Beth M. Huebner.

in Criminology

P ublished online December 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Criminal Justice; Criminology. 4729 words.

Most offenders under correctional supervision reside in the community. Community corrections includes a broad array of programs including alternatives to incarceration (such as boot camps...

Theorizing Community Policing

Nigel G. Fielding.

in The British Journal of Criminology

January 2002; p ublished online January 2002 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Criminology. 0 words.

The article considers two of the most generally applied analytic perspectives in the field of police studies, in the context of their application to community policing. It is suggested that...

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Community, Inequality, and Crime

Graham C. Ousey and Matthew R. Lee.

in The Oxford Handbook of Criminological Theory

November 2012; p ublished online December 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Theories of Crime. 7572 words.

One of the most exciting developments in the field of criminology is the emergence of studies that seek to explain variation in crime rates across aggregate social communities. These...

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Community-Based Justice Systems

Kimberly R. Kras.

in Criminology

P ublished online April 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Criminal Justice; Criminology. 6623 words.

Community-based justice systems reflect the inherent importance of communities as a part of justice system processes as opposed to simply being subjected to it. Much of what we know and...

Community Disadvantage and Crime

Robert J. Fornango.

in Criminology

P ublished online March 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Criminal Justice; Criminology. 8449 words.

The literature on community disadvantage and crime covers a broad spectrum of topics. At the heart of the issue is the need to understand why crime rates are consistently positively...

Community Change and Crime

John Hipp and Alyssa Whitby Chamberlain.

in Criminology

P ublished online June 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Criminal Justice; Criminology. 11378 words.

Community change and crime employs a dynamic perspective, linking ecological changes to changes in crime. More specifically, geographic places are considered entities that can change over...

Former Refugees and Community Resilience

Gail Mason and Mariastella Pulvirenti.

in The British Journal of Criminology

May 2013; p ublished online January 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Criminology. 9247 words.

The efforts of new, former refugee communities to grow their legitimacy as citizens often in hostile host environments puts community needs at odds with individual needs. From an analysis...

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Community Penalties, Probation, and Offender Management

Peter Raynor.

in The Oxford Handbook of Criminology

April 2012; p ublished online June 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Criminology. 14956 words.

This chapter, which examines community penalties, probation, and offender management, focusing on developments in England and Wales, first traces the origins of probation as social work and...

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Community Policing or Zero Tolerance?

Cynthia Lum.

in The British Journal of Criminology

November 2009; p ublished online June 2009 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Criminology. 9234 words.

Since the 1970s, approximately 60 countries in the world have experienced major political transition away from authoritarianism towards democracy and more liberal modes of governance....

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Crime Prevention and Community Safety

Adam Crawford and Karen Evans.

in The Oxford Handbook of Criminology

April 2012; p ublished online June 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Criminology. 19687 words.

This chapter examines the ways in which the problem of crime has been constructed, the methods that have been adopted to ensure the safety and security of communities and populations, and...

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Crime prevention and community safety

Adam Crawford and Karen Evans.

in The Oxford Handbook of Criminology

May 2017; p ublished online September 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Criminology. 15230 words.

This chapter traces and evaluates both the historic emergence of the modern ‘preventive turn’ as well as the elaboration and institutionalization of crime prevention and community safety...

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Crime control, policing, and community safety

Steve Case, Phil Johnson, David Manlow, Roger Smith and Kate Williams.

in Criminology

March 2017; p ublished online September 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Criminology. 19644 words.

This chapter examines crime control strategies, policing, and community safety. It first explains what constitutes ‘crime control’ before discussing the distinction between crime control...

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Community sentences and offender management for adults

Anne Worrall and Rob Canton.

in Criminology

June 2013; p ublished online June 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Criminology. 10196 words.

This chapter explains the history, philosophies, current practices, and policy debates surrounding those sanctions that are often referred to as ‘alternatives to prison’. The discussions...

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Punishment in the community: evolution, expansion, and moderation

Gwen Robinson and Fergus McNeill.

in The Oxford Handbook of Criminology

May 2017; p ublished online September 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Criminology. 11226 words.

This chapter examines the development and expansion of community sanctions and measures in the UK since the introduction of probation and parole in the early twentieth century. After...

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Restating the case for the ‘suspect community’

Christina Pantazis and Simon Pemberton.

in The British Journal of Criminology

November 2011; p ublished online September 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Criminology. 3805 words.

In 2009, in an article for this journal, we argued that UK legal and political developments, following the events of September 2001, had designated Muslims as the ‘enemy within’ and served...

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Social Disorganization and Crime in Rural Communities

Maria T. Kaylen and William Alex Pridemore.

in The British Journal of Criminology

September 2013; p ublished online June 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Criminology. 9446 words.

While there is considerable empirical evidence that social disorganization is positively associated with crime rates in urban areas, the empirical literature on rural social disorganization...

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From the ‘Old’ to the ‘New’ Suspect Community

Christina Pantazis and Simon Pemberton.

in The British Journal of Criminology

September 2009; p ublished online June 2009 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Criminology. 9766 words.

The ‘war on terror’ has emerged as the principal conflict of our time, where ‘Islamic fanaticism’ is identified as the greatest threat to Western liberal democracies. Within the United...

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Comprehensive Community Partnerships for Preventing Crime

Dennis P. Rosenbaum and Amie M. Schuck.

in The Oxford Handbook of Crime Prevention

March 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Crime Prevention. 9751 words.

This article studies comprehensive community initiatives to prevent violence, crime, and drug abuse. It focuses on the role of partnerships or coalitions as the main tool for imagining,...

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