Oxford Index Search Results

You are looking at 1-20 of 23 items for:

community x Crime Prevention x clear all

community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

See overview in Oxford Index

Comprehensive Community Partnerships for Preventing Crime

Dennis P. Rosenbaum and Amie M. Schuck.

in The Oxford Handbook of Crime Prevention

March 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Crime Prevention. 9751 words.

This article studies comprehensive community initiatives to prevent violence, crime, and drug abuse. It focuses on the role of partnerships or coalitions as the main tool for imagining,...

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Community-Based Substance Use Prevention

Abigail A. Fagan and J. David Hawkins.

in The Oxford Handbook of Crime Prevention

March 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Crime Prevention; Drugs Trade. 8746 words.

This article analyzes scientific evidence on the effectiveness of strategies aimed at preventing substance use within the community. It considers the potential of community-based devices to...

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Community-Based Organizations and Crime Prevention

Tim Goddard and Andrea Headley.

P ublished online June 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Crime Prevention; Criminology and Criminal Justice. 10273 words.

Community-based organizations have proliferated throughout Australia, Canada, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Undergirded by the neoliberal privatization of turning social policy...

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Community-Level Influences on Crime and Offending

Steven F. Messner and Gregory M. Zimmerman.

in The Oxford Handbook of Crime Prevention

March 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Crime Prevention. 7840 words.

This article discusses community-level influences on offending and crime. It shows how the general ecological model can help understand the spatial distributions of patterns of urban...

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Neighborhood Watch

Sylvia Chenery.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online March 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Crime Prevention. 10414 words.

Neighborhood Watch or Home Watch is internationally regarded as the largest voluntary crime prevention activity in the world. It is typically citizen instigated and police facilitated, with...

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Focused Deterrence Strategies

Anthony Braga.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online February 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Crime Prevention. 11157 words.

Focused deterrence strategies are increasingly being implemented in the United States to reduce serious violent crime committed by gangs and other criminally-active groups, recurring...

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What Have We Learned from Environmental Criminology for the Prevention of Crime?

Brandon C. Welsh and Sema A. Taheri.

in The Oxford Handbook of Environmental Criminology

September 2018; p ublished online February 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Crime Prevention. 8797 words.

A recent study of the role of theory in modern-day crime prevention makes the case that situational crime prevention (SCP), compared to the two other major crime prevention strategies of...

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Defensible Space

Robert I. Mawby.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online April 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Crime Prevention. 11150 words.

While the term “defensible space” is widely referenced in literature on situational crime pre vention and Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design, it is commonly mentioned in passing,...

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Guardianship and Informal Social Control

Danielle M. Reynald.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online March 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Crime Prevention. 7833 words.

This article provides a critical overview of the concepts of guardianship and informal social control. The discussion compares these fundamental criminological concepts and highlights areas...

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Use of Civil Abatement to Combat Public Nuisances and Crime

Arthur J. Lurigio and Elizabeth Maine Ellis.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online February 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Crime Prevention. 6996 words.

Civil abatement involves the use of non-criminal remedies to address crime and public disorder in communities. Such remedies can hold accountable nonperpetrators of criminal activities,...

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Sex Offender Monitoring

Jennifer McMahon, Cynthia Calkins and Julia Mesler.

P ublished online December 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Crime Prevention. 8060 words.

The past two decades have been marked by increasing public concern about sex offenders in our community. Specific laws and policies focused on increasing the supervision of sex offenders...

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Crime Prevention

Brandon C. Welsh.

in The Oxford Handbook of Crime and Criminal Justice

September 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Crime Prevention. 13555 words.

This article provides a comprehensive overview of research on and key issues facing crime prevention. Section I summarizes the main ways of classifying or organizing crime prevention...

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Crime Prevention and Public Policy

Brandon C. Welsh and David P. Farrington.

in The Oxford Handbook of Crime Prevention

March 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Crime Prevention. 7449 words.

This article introduces crime prevention, which often refers to the attempts to prevent crime or criminal offending before the actual act has been committed. It studies four main crime...

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Treatment of sex offenders

Friedrich Lösel and Martin Schmucker.

in The Oxford Handbook of Sex Offences and Sex Offenders

January 2017; p ublished online July 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Crime Prevention. 10672 words.

This essay discusses various treatments for sexual offenders and their success in reducing reoffending. Overall, research reveals a positive treatment effect that indicates up to 25 per...

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School Climate

Allison Ann Payne and Denise C. Gottfredson.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online February 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice; Crime Prevention. 10567 words.

School violence, drug use, bullying, theft, and vandalism are costly and interfere with academic achievement. Beyond the cost of personal injury and property damage and loss, school crime...

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Identifying, Treating, and Reducing Risk for Offenders with Mental Illness

Jennifer L. Skeem and Jillian K. Peterson.

in The Oxford Handbook of Sentencing and Corrections

April 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Courts and Procedure; Crime Prevention. 9933 words.

This article provides a vivid description of how persons with mental illness continually find themselves involved in the corrections system. It first explains how their unique needs are...

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Body Cameras and Policing

Bryce Elling Peterson and Daniel S. Lawrence.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online January 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Criminal Justice; Policing; Crime Prevention. 12300 words.

Body-worn cameras (BWCs) are small devices that police officers can affix to their person—in a head-, shoulder-, or chest-mounted position—that can audio and video record their interactions...

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U.S. Organized Crime Control Policies Exported Abroad

Margaret Beare and Michael Woodiwiss.

in The Oxford Handbook of Organized Crime

October 2014; p ublished online June 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Organised Crime; Crime Prevention. 12870 words.

To a great extent, international law enforcement has been “Americanized” in recent decades. This essay traces the significant part that the U.S. government’s efforts to establish a global...

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Race and Re-Entry After Incarceration

Kayla M. Hoskins.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online February 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Critical Criminology; Crime Prevention. 12033 words.

Re-entry following incarceration is a complex issue in the contemporary United States. Mass incarceration and tough on crime policies have contributed to a system that disproportionately...

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Gangs and Violence

Haley Bullard and Shannon Reid.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online April 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Forms of Crime; Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice; Crime Prevention. 11425 words.

Much of the ongoing concern about the presence of gangs and gang members in the community has to do with the association between street gangs and violence. Decades of research on street...

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