Oxford Index Search Results

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community x Theories of Crime x clear all

community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

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Community, Inequality, and Crime

Graham C. Ousey and Matthew R. Lee.

in The Oxford Handbook of Criminological Theory

November 2012; p ublished online December 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Theories of Crime. 7572 words.

One of the most exciting developments in the field of criminology is the emergence of studies that seek to explain variation in crime rates across aggregate social communities. These...

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Network Perspectives on Crime

Jason Gravel and George E. Tita.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online September 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Theories of Crime. 16420 words.

Though often not mentioned by name, the importance of social networks in explaining criminal behavior, delinquency, and patterns has long been recognized in the study of crime. Theories...

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Social Disorganization Theory

Paul Bellair.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online July 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Theories of Crime. 8584 words.

Contemporary sociologists typically trace social disorganization models to Emile Durkheim’s classic work. There is continuity between Durkheim’s concern for organic solidarity in societies...

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A Social Interactionist Approach to Violent Crime

Richard B. Felson.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online April 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Theories of Crime. 11406 words.

Since criminal violence involves doing harm to someone (as well as rule breaking) a theory of aggression is needed to help explain it. A social interactionist (SI) theory of aggression fits...

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Social Spatial Influences

Pamela Wilcox and Kristin Swartz.

in The Oxford Handbook of Environmental Criminology

September 2018; p ublished online February 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Theories of Crime. 10400 words.

This chapter reviews the more macrospatial tradition of community- or neighborhood-based theory and research, as this line of inquiry is a vital part of contemporary environmental...

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General Strain and Urban Youth Violence

Timothy Brezina and Robert Agnew.

in The Oxford Handbook of Criminological Theory

November 2012; p ublished online December 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Theories of Crime. 8067 words.

This article proposes Robert Agnew's general strain theory (GST) as an alternative to subcultural and social disorganization theories. Unlike other crime theories, GST highlights the...

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How Do We Get to Causal Clarity on Physical Environment-Crime Dynamics?

Ralph B. Taylor.

in The Oxford Handbook of Environmental Criminology

September 2018; p ublished online February 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Theories of Crime. 11742 words.

This chapter discusses research and theorizing about the crime impacts of the physical environment, relating it to past reviews of scholarship in this area, and highlighting the crucial...

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Coercive Mobility

Natasha A. Frost and Todd R. Clear.

in The Oxford Handbook of Criminological Theory

November 2012; p ublished online December 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Theories of Crime. 8165 words.

Using Robert J. Bursik and Harold G. Grasmick's re-specification of social disorganization theory as systemic theory, Dina R. Rose and Todd R. Clear showed how high levels of incarceration,...

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Risk Factors and Crime

Emily E. Tanner-Smith, Sandra Jo Wilson and Mark W. Lipsey.

in The Oxford Handbook of Criminological Theory

November 2012; p ublished online December 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Theories of Crime. 8799 words.

Over the past twenty years, developmental criminology has emerged as an increasingly important lens for viewing delinquency and subsequent criminal behavior. The focus of developmental...

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Studying Situational Effects of Setting Characteristics

Frank M. Weerman, Evelien Hoeben, Wim Bernasco, Lieven J. R. Pauwels and Gerben J.N. Bruinsma.

in The Oxford Handbook of Environmental Criminology

September 2018; p ublished online February 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Measurement of Crime; Theories of Crime. 13232 words.

This chapter addresses methods to study situational influences of setting characteristics on adolescent offending. In particular, it describes data collection methods (space-time budget...

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Restoration, Shame, and the Future of Restorative Practice in U.S. Juvenile Justice

Gordon Bazemore.

in The Oxford Handbook of Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice

December 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice; Theories of Crime. 12553 words.

Restorative justice and reintegrative shaming theory became prominent on the North American juvenile justice scene in the mid- to late 1990s. This article considers the impact of...

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The Code of the Suburb and Drug Dealing

Scott Jacques and Richard Wright.

in The Oxford Handbook of Criminological Theory

November 2012; p ublished online December 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Theories of Crime; Drugs Trade. 6534 words.

High rates of violence are characteristic of many urban drug markets because the individuals therein abide by a set of informal rules known as the code of the street. This code governs...

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Gangs and Social Media

David C. Pyrooz and Richard K. Moule, Jr..

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online April 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Forms of Crime; Theories of Crime. 11849 words.

It was once presumed that costs of Internet adoption were too great for gang members to absorb. They lacked the financial resources to access the Internet or the technological know-how to...

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Restorative Justice as Evidence-Based Sentencing

Lawrence W. Sherman and Heather Strang.

in The Oxford Handbook of Sentencing and Corrections

April 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Theories of Crime; Corrections; Courts and Procedure. 13617 words.

This article takes a look at the conclusions from twenty years of restorative justice (RJ) innovations and their status as of 2011. The discussion is primarily concerned with the...

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